d who favoured the early
inhabitants of Messene and was slain by the Dorians. He was introduced with his son Aepytus as
a hero by Epameinondas according to Paus. 4.27.6. See Strabo 8.4.7. received Messene as his portion and his line ruled it for a
time; but later when Cresphontes' descendants had lost the kingship, the Lacedaemonians became
masters of it. After this, at the death of the Lacedaemonian
king Teleclus,A king of the Agid line. First Messenian War,
743-723 B.C. See Paus.
3.2.6; Paus. 4.4.2, 31.3 and Strabo 6.3.3. the Messenians were defeated in a war by the Lacedaemonians.
This war is said to have lasted twenty years, for the Lacedaemonians had taken an oath not to
return to Sparta unless they should have captured Messene. Then it was that the children called
partheniaeFrom the union of Spartan "maidens" (hence
parqe/niai) with men left behind at Sparta while the bulk of
the Spartiatae were fighting in Me
f them were either destroyed by the Carthaginians when they took the city or carried off as booty by the Romans when they took the place by storm.Tarentum revolted from Rome to Hannibal during the Second Punic War, but was recaptured (209 B.C.) and severely dealt with. Among this booty is the Heracles in the Capitol, a colossal bronze statue, the work of Lysippus, dedicated by Maximus Fabius, who captured the city.
In speaking of the founding of Taras, Antiochus says: After the Messenian war743-723 B.C. broke out, those of the Lacedaemonians who did not take part in the expedition were adjudged slaves and were named Helots,On the name and its origin, see 8. 5. 4; also Pauly-Wissowa, Real-Encycl. s.v. "Heloten." and all children who were born in the time of the expedition were called Partheniae"Children of Virgins." and judicially deprived of the rights of citizenship, but they would not tolerate this, and since they were numerous formed a plot against the free citizens; and when t