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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 28 28 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 2 2 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Appian, The Civil Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill) 1 1 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 75 BC or search for 75 BC in all documents.

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Anto'nius 9. M. Antonius Creticus, M. F. C. N., son of the preceding and father of the Triumvir, was praetor in B. C. 75, and obtained in 74, through the influence of P. Cethegus and the consul Cotta, the command of the fleet and all the coasts of the Mediterranean, in order to clear the sea of pirates. But Antonius was avaricious and greedy, and misused his power to plunder the provinces, and especially Sicily. He did not succeed either in the object for which he had been appointed. An attack which he made upon Crete, although he was assisted by the Byzantines and the other allies, entirely failed; the greater part of his fleet was destroyed; and he probably saved himself only by an ignominious treaty. He shortly after died in Crete, and was called Creticus in derision. Sallust (Hist. lib. iii.) described him as "perdundae pecuniae genitus, et vacuus a curis nisi instantibus." He was married twice; first, to Numitoria, who had no children (Cic. Philipp. 3.6), and afterwards to Julia.
is death vary in some particulars, but mostly agree in describing him as intent upon a mathematical problem at the time. He was deeply regretted by Marcellus, who directed his burial, and befriended his surviving relations. (Liv. 25.31; Valer. Max. 8.7.7; Plut. Marc. 19; Cic. de fin. 5.19.) Upon his tomb was placed the figure of a sphere inscribed in a cylinder, in accordance with his known wish, and in commemoration of the discovery which he most valued. When Cicero was quaestor in Sicily (B. C. 75) he found this tomb near one of the gates of the city, almost hid amongst briars, and forgotten by the Syracusans. (Tusc. Disp. 5.23.) Of the general character of Archimedes we have no direct account. But his apparently disinterested devotion to his friend and admirer Hiero, in whose service he was ever ready to exercise his ingenuity upon objects which his own taste would not have led him to choose (for there is doubtless some truth in what Plutarch says on this point) ; the affectionate
Aure'lia the wife of C. Julius Caesar, by whom she became the mother of C. Julius Caesar, the dictator, and of two daughters. It is doubtful who her parents were: Drumann (Gesch. Roms, iii. p. 128) conjectures, that she was the daughter of M. Aurelius Cotta and Rutilia Compp. Cic. Att. 12.20), and that C. M. and L. Cottae, who were consuls in B. C. 75, 74, and 65 respectively, were her brothers. She carefully watched over the education of her children (Dial. de Orat. 28; comp. D. C. 44.38), and always took a lively interest in the success of her son. She appears to have constantly lived with him; and Caesar on his part treated her with great affection and respect. Thus, it is said, that on the day when he was elected Pontifex Maximus, B. C. 63, he told his mother, as she kissed him upon his leaving his house in the morning to proceed to the comitia, that he would not return home except as Pontifex Maximus. (Suet. Jul. 13.) It was Aurelia who detected Clodius in the house of her son d
Cae'sius 1. M. Caesius, was praetor with C. Licinius Sacerdos in B. C. 75. (Cic. Ver. 1.50.)
The lot decided that he should serve in Sicily under Sex. Peducaeus, praetor of Lilybaeum. During his tenure of office (B. C. 75) he executed with great skill the difficult and delicate task of procuring large additional supplies of corn for the reloon to decide the contest. He was accompanied to his retirement by two youths of high promise, C. Ameilius Cotta (consul B. C. 75) and P. Sulpicius Rufus, and there joined by his father-in-law and former colleague in the consulship (B. C. 95), Q. Muce presence of Cicero, somewhere about the year B. C. 76, at the house of C. Aurelius Cotta, the pontifex maximus (consul B. C. 75), who well sustains the part of a New Academician, attacking and overthrowing the doctrines of others without advancing ns. (See above, p. 709, and pro Caecin. 33.) * Pro Q. Roscio Comoedo B. C. 7G. [ROSCIUS.] Pro Adolescentibus Siculis B. C. 75. (See Plut. Cic. 6.) ** Quum Quaestor Lilybaeo decederet B. C. 74. Pro Scamandro B. C. 74. (See pro Cluent. 17.) [CL
Clau'dius 38. App. Claudius Pulcher, eldest son of No. 35 (Varr. R. R. 3.16), appears in B. C. 75 as the prosecutor of Terentius Varro. (Ascon. ad Cic. Div. in Caecil. p. 109, Orell.) In 70 he served in Asia under his brother-in-law, Lucullus, and was sent to Tigranes to demand the surrender of Mithridates. (Plut. Luc. 19, 21.) In 61 he was in Greece, collecting statues and paintings to adorn the games which he contemplated giving as aedile. (Cic. pro Dom. 43; Schol. Bob. in orat. in Clod. et Cur. p. 338, Oreil.) Through the favour and influence of the consul L. Piso, however, he was made praetor without first filling the office of aedile. (Cic. l.c.) As praetor (B. C. 57) he presided in trials for extortion, and Cicero expresses anxiety on behalf of his brother Quintus, who had been propraetor in Asia. (Ad Att. 3.17.) Though Appius did not openly and in person oppose Cicero's recall (Cic. Fam. 3.10.8; comp. pro Dom. 33), he tacitly sanctioned and abetted the proceedings of his brothe
Feli'citas the personification of happiness, to whom a temple was erected by Lucullus in B. C. 75, which, however, was burnt down in the reign of Claudius. (Plin. Nat. 34.8; Augustin. de Civ. Dei, 4.18, 23; comp. Cic. in Verr. 4.2, 57.) Felicitas is frequently seen on Roman medals, in the form of a matron, with the staff of Mercury (caduceus) and a cornucopia. Sometimes also she has other attributes, according to the kind of happiness she represents. (Lindner, de Felicitate Dea ex Numis illustrata, Arnstadt, 1770; Rasche, Lex Num. 2.1, p. 956.) The Greeks worshipped the same personification, under the name of *Eu)tuxi/a, who is frequently represented in works of art. [L.S]
y settle there till B. C. 74, about three years before the Verrine affair came on. Meantime, Hortensius had begun his course of civil honours. He was quaestor in B. C. 81, and Cicero himself bears witness to the integrity with which his accounts were kept (in Verr. 1.14, 39). Soon after he defended M. Canuleius (Brut. 92) ; Cn. Dolabella, when accused of extortion in Cilicia by M. Scaurus; another Cn. Dolabella, arraigned by Caesar for like offences in Macedonia [DOLABELLA, Nos. 5, 6]. In B. C. 75 he was aediie, Cotta the orator being consul, and Cicero quaestor in Sicily (Brut. 92). The games and shows he exhibited as aedile were long remembered for their extaordinary splendour (Cic. de )Off. 2.16); but great part of this splendour was the loan of those noble clients, whose robberies he had so successfully excused (Cic. in Verr. 1.19, 22; Ascon. ad l.). In B. C. 72 he was praetor urbanus, and had the task of trying those delinquents whom he had hitherto defended. In B. C. 69 he reac
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Lentulus or Lentulus Sura (search)
c. in Verr. 1.14.) He was soon after himself called to account for the same matter, but was acquitted. It is said that he got his cognomen of Sura from his conduct on this occasion; for when Sulla called him to account, he answered by scornfully putting out his leg, "like boys," says Plutarch, "when they make a blunder in playing at ball." (Cic. 17.) Other persons, however, had borne the name before, one perhaps of the Lentulus family. (Liv. 22.31; comp. Suet. Domit. 13; D. C. 68.9, 15.) In B. C. 75 he was praetor; and Hortensius, pleading before such a judge, had no difficulty in procuring the acquittal of Terentius Varro, when accused of extortion. (Ascon. ad Divin. 7 ; Plut. Cic. 17; Acron. ad Horat. Serm. 2.1. 49.) In B. C. 71 he was consul. (Fasti, A. U. 682; Consularis in Vell. 2.34; D. C. 37.30.) But in the next year he was ejected from the senate, with sixty-three others, for infamous life and manners. (Gel. 5.6; Plut. l.c. ; Dio Cass., &c.; see No. 25.) It was this, probably,
Minu'cius 7. -- MINUCIUS, died intestate before the citypraetorship of C. Verres, in B. C. 75-74. His property therefore belonged to his gens; but Verres issued a special edict regarding it, which Cicero held up to ridicule (in Verr. 1.45.115).
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