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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 30 30 Browse Search
Appian, The Civil Wars (ed. Horace White) 2 2 Browse Search
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero 2 2 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 2 2 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 1 1 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 1 1 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 1 1 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 1 1 Browse Search
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Appian, The Civil Wars (ed. Horace White), THE CIVIL WARS, INTRODUCTION (search)
of the state for an indefinite period. Such officials were formerly called dictators -- an office created in the most perilous emergencies for six months only, and long since fallen into disuse. Sulla, although nominally elected, became dictator for life by force and compulsion. Nevertheless he became satiated B.C. 82 with power and was the first man, so far as I know, holding Y.R. 675 supreme power, who had the courage to lay it down voluntarily B.C. 79 and to declare that he would render an account of his stewardship to any who were dissatisfied with it. And so, for a considerable period, he walked to the forum as a private citizen in the sight of all and returned home unmolested, so great was the awe of his government still remaining in the minds of the onlookers, or their amazement at his laying it down. Perhaps they were ashamed to call for an accounting, or entertained other good feeling toward him, or
Appian, The Civil Wars (ed. Horace White), THE CIVIL WARS, CHAPTER XII (search)
, although more than 100,000 young men had perished in this war, and he had destroyed of his enemies ninety senators, fifteen consulars, and 2600 of the so-called knights, including the banished. The property of these men had been confiscated and many of their bodies cast out unburied. Undaunted by the relatives of these persons at home, or by the banished abroad, or by the cities whose Y.R. 675 towers and walls he had thrown down and whose lands, B.C. 79 money, and privileges he had swept away, Sulla now returned to private life. So great was this man's boldness and good fortune. It is said that he made a speech in the forum when he laid down his power in which he offered to give the reasons for what he had done to anybody who should ask them. He dismissed the lictors with their axes and discontinued his body-guard, and for a long time walked to the forum with only a few friends, the multitude lo
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition., Life of Cicero. (search)
above the ordinary business and technical level into a question of universal justice and the rights of common humanity. Next year occurred the trial of Sextus Roscius of Ameria for parricide (B.C. 80), a case growing out of the abuses of Sulla's dictatorship. See pp. 1, 2, below (Introduction to the Oration). Cicero showed his courage by undertaking the defence, and his forensic skill by converting his plea into a powerful attack on the accusers in the regular manner of Roman invective. In B.C. 79 he came into still more daring antagonism with Sulla in the case of a woman of Arretium. The oration has not come down to us, but from its boldness it must have added greatly to the orator's fame. The same year—either on account of his health or, less probably, from fear of Sulla—he went to Greece and the East to continue his studies; for at that time such a journey was like "going to Europe" among us. He visited the greatest orators, rhetoricians, and philosophers of the East, especially a
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition., chapter 13 (search)
1). quinquaginta,i.e. from the law of Caius Gracchus, B.C. 123, to that of Sulla, B.C. 80. ne tenuissima quidem suspicio:one of the exaggerations of the advocate. If the courts were really worse in B.C. 70 than they had been in 90, it was simply because the times were worse. sublata,taken away. populi Romani,etc., i.e. the ability of the people to hold in check the senatorial order by means of the tribunician power suspended by Sulla (see note on p. 43, l. 32). Q. Calidius:praetor B.C. 79; condemned for extortion in Spain. It seems that Calidius, being condemned de repetundis, with bitter irony assailed the bribed jurors on account of the smallness of the bribe for which he was condemned, saying that it was not respectable (honestum) to condemn an ex-praetor for so small a sum. The allusion shows that the corruption was notorious and universal. HS triciens:3,000,000 sestertii = $150,000 (nearly); § 634 (379); G. p. 493; H. 757 (647, iv, I); H.-B. 675, 2. praetorium:an ex
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, STATUA SULLAE (search)
STATUA SULLAE an equestrian statue of gilt bronze, erected in rostris or pro rostris in 80 or 79 B.C. (Babelon ii. 179=BM. Rep. ii. 463. 16; App. BC i. 97; Cic. Phil. ix. 13; Veil. ii. 6 : in rostris; Suet. Iul. 75; Dio xlii. 18). Cf. CIL i². 721 for a similar statue erected by the inhabitants of the vicus laci Fundani.
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero, Cicero's Family and Friends. (search)
affection, and when she evinced joy a few months later at Tullia's death, Cicero sent her to her mother and could not be induced to receive her back into his favor. Att. 12.32.1. Tullia. 53. Tullia, Cicero's only daughter, was probably born in 79 or 78 B.C. In 66 B.C. she was betrothed to C. Calpurnius Piso Frugi, Att. 1.3.3. and married him sometime within the next three years. He died during the year of Cicero's exile. pro Sest. 68. In 56 B.C. Tullia married Furius Crassipes. Q. fr. 22. and spent his early life at Rome; but the dreadful events which attended the war between Marius and Sulla led him to withdraw from Rome in 86 B.C. and take up his residence at Athens, Nep. Att. 2. where Cicero made his acquaintance about 79 B.C. His father left him 2,000,000 sesterces, and his uncle Q. Caecilius 10,000,000. Nep. Att. 5. more. This property he found means of increasing by judicious investments, as he managed the business affairs of Cato, Hortensius, Cicero, and others
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Anti'ochus of ASCALON (search)
Anti'ochus of ASCALON (*)Anti/oxos), of ASCALON, the founder, as he is called, of the fifth Academy, was a friend of Lucullus the antagonist of Mithridates, and the teacher of Cicero during his studies at Athens (B. C. 79); but he had a school at Alexandria also, as well as in Syria, where he seems to have ended his life. (Plut. Cic. 100.4, Lucull. 100.42; Cic. Ac. 2.19.) He was a philosopher of considerable reputation in his time, for Strabo in describing Ascalon, mentions his birth there as a mark of distinction for the city (Strab. xiv. p.759), and Cicero frequently speaks of him in affectionate and respectful terms as the best and wisest of the Academics, and the most polished and acute philosopher of his age. (Cic. Ac. 2.35, Brut. 91.) He studied under the stoic Mnesarchus, but his principal teacher was Philo, who succeeded Plato, Arcesilas, and Carneades, as the founder of the fourth Academy. Works Sosus Antiochus is, however, better known as the adversary than the disci
Artemido'rus 3. ARTEMIDORUS CORNELIUS, a physician, who was born at Perga in Pamphylia, or, according to some editions of Cicero, at Pergamus in Mysia. He was one of the unprincipled agents of Verres, whom he first assisted in his robbery of the temple of Diana at Perga, when he was legatus to Cn. Dolabella in Cilicia, B. C. 79 (Cic. 2 Verr. 1.20, 3.21); and afterwards attended him in Sicily during his praetorship, B. C. 72-69, where, among other infamous acts, he was one of the judges (recuperatores) in the case of Nympho. His original name appears to have been Artemidorus; he was probably at first a slave, and afterwards, on being freed by his master, (perhaps Cn. Cornelius Dolabella,) took the name of Cornelius. Cicero calls him in one place " Cornelius medicus" (2 Verr. 3.11), in another " Artemidorus Pergaeus" (100.21), and in a third " Artemidorus Cornelius" (100.49); but it is plain that in each passage he refers to the same individual, though Ernesti has in his Index Historicu
Cali'dius 2. Q. Calidius, tribune of the plebs in B. C. 99, carried a law in this year for the recall of Q. Metellus Numidicus from banishment. In gratitude for this service, his son Q. Metellus Pius, who was then consul, supported Calidius in his canvas for the praetorship in B. C. 80. Calidius was accordingly praetor in B. C. 79, and obtained one of the Spanish provinces; but, on his return to Rome, he was accused of extortion in his province by Q. Lollius (not Gallius, as the Pseudo-Asconius states), and condemned by his judges, who had been bribed for the purpose. As, however, the bribes had not been large, Calidius made the remark, that a man of praetorian rank ought not to be condemned for a less sum than three million sesterces. (V. Max. 5.2.7; Cic. pro Planc. 28, 29; Cic. Verr. Act. 1.13 ; Pseudo-Ascon. ad loc. ; Cic. Ver. 3.25.) This Calidius may have been the one who was sent from Rome, about B. C. 82, to command Murena to desist from the devastation of the territories of Mi
Ci'cero 4. L. Tullius Cicero, son of the foregoing. He was the constant companion and schoolfellow of the orator, travelled with him to Athens in B. C. 79, and subsequently acted as his assistant in collecting evidence against Verres. On this occasion the Syracusans paid him the compliment of voting him a public guest (hospes) of their city, and transmitted to him a copy of the decree to this effect engraved on a tablet of brass. Lucius died in B. C. 68, much regretted by his cousin, who was deeply attached to him. (De Fin. 5.1, c. Verr. 4.11, 61, 64, 65. ad Att. 1.5.)
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