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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 31 31 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 5 5 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 3 3 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 2 2 Browse Search
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero 1 1 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 1 1 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 8-10 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Appian, The Civil Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 80 BC or search for 80 BC in all documents.

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Ahenobarbus 15. L. Domitius Ahenobarbus, praetor B. C. 80, commanded the province of nearer Spain, with the title of proconsul In 79, he was summoned into further Spain by Q. Metellus Pius, who was in want of assistance against Sertorius, but he was defeated and killed by Hirtuleius, quaestor of Sertorius, near the Anas. (Plut. Sert. 12; Liv. Epit. 90; Eutrop. 6.1; Florus, 3.22; Oros. 5.23.)
resolution and decision of character which distinguished him throughout life. He now withdrew from Rome and went to Asia in B. C. 81, where he served his first campaign under M. Minucius Thermus, who was engaged in the siege of Mytilene, which was the only town in Asia that held out against the Romans after the conclusion of the first Mithridatic war. Thermus sent him to Nicomedes III. in Bithynia to fetch his fleet, and, on his return to the camp, he took part in the capture of Mytilene (B. C. 80), and was rewarded by the Roman general with a civic crown for saving the life of a fellow-soldier. He next served under P. Sulpicius, in Cilicia, in B. C. 78, but had scarcely entered upon the campaign before news reached him of the death of Sulla, whereupon he immediately returned to Rome. M. Aemilius Lepidus, the consul, had already attempted to rescind the acts of Sulla. He was opposed by his colleague Q. Catulus, and the state was once more in arms. This was a tempting opportunity fo
Cali'dius 2. Q. Calidius, tribune of the plebs in B. C. 99, carried a law in this year for the recall of Q. Metellus Numidicus from banishment. In gratitude for this service, his son Q. Metellus Pius, who was then consul, supported Calidius in his canvas for the praetorship in B. C. 80. Calidius was accordingly praetor in B. C. 79, and obtained one of the Spanish provinces; but, on his return to Rome, he was accused of extortion in his province by Q. Lollius (not Gallius, as the Pseudo-Asconius states), and condemned by his judges, who had been bribed for the purpose. As, however, the bribes had not been large, Calidius made the remark, that a man of praetorian rank ought not to be condemned for a less sum than three million sesterces. (V. Max. 5.2.7; Cic. pro Planc. 28, 29; Cic. Verr. Act. 1.13 ; Pseudo-Ascon. ad loc. ; Cic. Ver. 3.25.) This Calidius may have been the one who was sent from Rome, about B. C. 82, to command Murena to desist from the devastation of the territories of Mi
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Chryso'gonus, L. Corne'lius a favourite freedman of Sulla, purchased, at Sulla's sale of the goods of the proscribed, the property of S. Roscius Amerinus, which was worth 250 talents, for 2000 denarii, and afterwards accused Roscius's son, who was also named S. Roscius Amerinus, of the murder of his father. (B. C. 80.) Cicero pronounced his first public oration in defence of Roscius, and in that oration we have a powerful picture of the profligate character of Chrysogonus. It cannot be said with certainty whether in this proceeding Chrysogonus was, as Plutarch affirms, merely the instrument of Sulla. (Plut. Cic. 3; Cic. pro S. Rose. Amer.; Plin. Nat. 35.18. s. 58.) [P.S]
ect in believing that the second consulship of Sulla is distinctly indicated (4.54, 68), the fact will be established, that these books were not published before B. C. 80. The materials for arriving at a correct judgment with regard to the merits of this controversy, will be found in the preface of the younger Burmann, to his ed those with one asterisk are imperfect, but enough is left to convey a clear idea of the work. Pro P. Quinctio B. C. 81. [QUINCTIUS.] Pro Sex. Roscio Amerino B. C. 80. [Roscius.] Pro Muliere Arretina. Before his journey to Athens. (See above, p. 709, and pro Caecin. 33.) * Pro Q. Roscio Comoedo B. C. 7G. [ROSCIUS.] Pro Aphonte. Probably not so much a close translation as an adaptation of the treatise of Xenophon to the wants and habits of the Romans. It was composed in the year B. C. 80, or in 79, and was divided into three books, the arguments of which have been preserved by Servius. The first detailed the duties of the mistress of a household
icum Magnum (p. 277. 53), that he received it from his rough voice or any other circumstance. He himself was, according to some, a native of Alexandria (Suidas), and, according to others, of Byzantium; but he is also called a Rhodian, because at one time he resided at Rhodes, and gave instructions there (Strab. xiv. p.655; Athen. 11.489), and it was at Rhodes that Tyrannion was among the pupils of Dionysius. Dionysius also staid for some time at Rome, where he was engaged in teaching, about B. C. 80. Further particulars about his life are not known. Works Dionysius Thrax was the author of numerous grammatical works, manuals, and commentaries. te/xnh grammatikh/ We possess under his name a te/xnh grammatikh/, a small work, which however became the basis of all subsequent grammars, and was a standard book in grammar schools for many centuries. Under such circumstances we cannot wonder that, in the course of time, such a work was much interpolated, sometimes abridged, and sometimes
Eru'cia Gens plebeian. Only one member of this gens is mentioned in the time of the republic, namely, C. Erucius, the accuser of Sex. Roscius of Ameria, whom Cicero defended in B. C. 80. From Cicero's account he would appear to have been a man of low origin. (Cic. pro Rosc. 13, 16, 18-- 21, 29, 32.) His name also appears as one of the accusers of L. Varenus, who was likewise defended by Cicero, but in what year is uncertain. [VARENUS.] He was called by Cicero in his speech for Varenus Antoniaster, that is, an imitator of the orator Antonius. (Cic. Fragnm. pro Varen. 8, p. 443, ed. Orelli.) The Ericius (*)Eri/kios) who is menietioned by Plutarch (Plut. Sull. 16, 18) as one of Sulla's legates in the Mithridatic war, is supposed by Drumann (Gesch, Roms, vol. iii. p. 68) to be a false reading for Hirtius, but we ought perhaps to read Ericius. Under the empire, in the second century after Christ, a family of the Erucii of the name of Clarus attained considerable distinction. [CLARUS.]
Fa'nnius 3. M. Fannius, was one of the judices in the case (Quaestio de Sicariis) of Sex. Roscius of Ameria, in B. C. 80. (Cic. pro Sex. Rosc. 4; Schol. Gronov. ad Roscian. p. 427, ed. Orelli.)
Here'nnius 7. C. Herennius, was tribune of the plebs in B. C. 80, and opposed a rogatio of L. Sulla, the dictator, for recalling Cn. Pompey from Africa. (Sall. Hist. ii. apud Gell. 10.20; comp. Plut. Pomp. 13.) After the death of Sulla, this Herennius probably joined Sertorius in Spain, B. C. 76-72: since a legatus of that name was defeated and slain by Pompey near Valentia. (Plut. Pomp. 18; Zonar. 10.2; Sall. Hist. iii. fragm. p. 215. ed. Gerlach. min.) Whether C. Herenniss, a senator, convicted (before B. C. 69) of peculation (Cic. in Verr. 1.13.39), were the same person, is uncertain.
Machares (*Maxa/rhs), son of Mithridates the Great, was appointed by his father king of the Bosporus, when he, for the second time, reduced that country, after the short war with Murena, B. C. 80. In B. C. 73 Mithridates, after his defeat at Cyzicus, applied to him for succours, which were at the time readily furnished; but two years afterwards the repeated disasters of Mithridates proved too much for the fidelity of Machares, and he sent an embassy to Lucullus with a present of a crown of gold, and requested to be admitted to terms of alliance with Rome. This was readily granted by Lucullus; and as a proof of his sincerity, Machares furnished the Roman general with supplies and assistance in the siege of Sinope. (Appian, App. Mith. 67, 78, 83; Plut. Luc. 24; Memnon, 54, ed. Orelli.) But when Mithridates, after his defeat by Pompey, adopted the daring resolution of marching with his army to the Bosporus, and renewing the contest from thence, Machares became alarmed for the consequence
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