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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 55 55 Browse Search
M. Annaeus Lucanus, Pharsalia (ed. Sir Edward Ridley) 3 3 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 2 2 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 2 2 Browse Search
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero 1 1 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 1 1 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 1 1 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, Orations, for his house, Plancius, Sextius, Coelius, Milo, Ligarius, etc. (ed. C. D. Yonge) 1 1 Browse Search
Appian, The Civil Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography 1 1 Browse Search
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Strabo, Geography, Book 14, chapter 2 (search)
s the generation of leaves, such is that also of men;Hom. Il. 6.146and when people complained that he was jeering at the city as though it were sickly, he replied, "Would I be so bold as to call this city sickly, where even the corpses walk about?" The Caunians once revolted from the Rhodians, but by a judicial decision of the Romans they were restored to them. And there is extant a speech of MolonAppollonius Molon of Alabanda, the rhetorician and orator; ambassador of the Rhodians at Rome (81 B.C.), and teacher Cicero and Julius Caesar. entitled Against the Caunians. It is said that they speak the same language as the Carians, but that they came from Crete and follow usages of their own.On their origin, language, and usages, cf. Hdt. 1.172 Next one comes to Physcus, a small town, which has a harbor and a sacred precinct of Leto; and then to Loryma, a rugged coast, and to the highest mountain in that part of the country; and on top of the mountain is Phoenix, a stronghold bearing
Appian, Mithridatic Wars (ed. Horace White), CHAPTER IX (search)
days on account of the heat. Mithridates performed a sacrifice of this kind according to the custom of his country. Sulla thought that it was not right to make war against Mithridates when he had not violated the treaty. Accordingly, Aulus Gabinius was sent to tell Murena that the former order, that he should not fight Mithridates, was to be taken seriously, and to reconcile Mithridates and Ariobarzanes with each other. At a conference between them Mithridates betrothed his little daughter, four years old, to Ariobarzanes, and improved the occasion to stipulate that he should not only retain that part of Cappadocia which he then held, but have another part in addition. Then he gave a banquet to all, with prizes of gold for those who Y.R. 673 should excel in drinking, eating, jesting, singing, and so B.C. 81 forth, as was customary, in which Gabinius was the only one who did not engage. Thus the second war between Mithridates and the Romans, lasting about three years, came to an end.
Appian, Mithridatic Wars (ed. Horace White), CHAPTER XVII (search)
ntony had given to others, were made Roman provinces by Augustus Cæsar, after he had taken Egypt, as the Romans needed only the slightest pretext in each case. Thus, since their dominion had been advanced in consequence of the Mithridatic war, from Spain and the Pillars of Hercules to the Euxine sea, and the sands which border Egypt, and the river Euphrates, it was fitting that this victory should be called the great one, and that Pompey, who commanded the army, should be styled the Great.This is an anachronism. The title of Great was bestowed upon Pompey by Sulla, in consequence of Pompey's victory over the Marian faction in Africa, in the year 81 B.C. (Plutarch, Life of Pompey, 13). As they held Africa also as far as Cyrene (for Apion, the king of that country, a bastard of the house of the Lagidæ, left Cyrene itself to the Romans in his will), Egypt alone was lacking to their grasp of the whole Mediterranean. COIN OF MITHRIDATES EUPATOR (Duruy)
Appian, The Civil Wars (ed. Horace White), THE CIVIL WARS, CHAPTER XI (search)
ernment again. This was in the 175th Olympiad according to the Greek calendar, but there were no Olympic games then except races in the stadium, since Sulla had carried away the athletes and all the sights and shows to Rome to celebrate his victories in the Mithridatic and Italian wars, under the pretext that the masses needed a breathing-spell and recreation after their toils. Y.R. 673 Nevertheless, as the form of the republic remained B.C. 81 he allowed them to appoint consuls. Marcus Tullius and Cornelius Dolabella were chosen. But Sulla, like a reigning sovereign, was dictator over the consuls. Twenty-four axes were borne in front of him, as was customary with dictators, the same number that were borne before the ancient kings, and he had a large body-guard also. He repealed laws and he enacted others. He forbade anybody to hold the office of prætor until after he had held that of quæstor
M. Tullius Cicero, On the Responses of the Haruspices (ed. C. D. Yonge), chapter 6 (search)
es, and Marcus Scaurus, and Marcus Crassus, and Caius Curio, and Sextus Caesar, the priest of Jupiter, and Quintus Cornelius, and Publius Albinovanus, and Quintus Terentius, the lesserOriginally the number of pontiffs was four, or, including the Pontifex Maximus, five. In the year B.C. 300 the Ogulnian law raised the number from four to eight; in the year B.C. 81 Sulla increased the number to fifteen, including the Pontifex Maximus; and after him Julius Caesar increased the number to sixteen. Besides these there were other pontiffs distinguished as minores, of whom three are mentioned here; the nature of whose office seems rather uncertain; but it appears probable that it was a name of late introduction, and applie
M. Annaeus Lucanus, Pharsalia (ed. Sir Edward Ridley), book 2, line 526 (search)
alluded to by Horace ('Ars Poetica,' 50) as having worn a garment of ancient fashion leaving their arms bare. (See also Book VI., 944.) with his naked arm? ' Is such thy madness, Caesar? when the Fates ' With great Camillus' and Metellus' names ' Might place thine own, dost thou prefer to rank ' With Marius and Cinna? Swift shall be ' Thy fall: as Lepidus before the sword ' Of Catulus; or who my axes felt, ' Carbo,In B.C. 77, after the death of Sulla. Carbo had been defeated by Pompeius in 81 B.C., on which occasion Pompeius had, at the early age of twenty-five, demanded and obtained his first triumph. The war with Sertorius lasted till 71 B.C., when Pompeius and Metellus triumphed in respect of his overthrow. now buried in Sicanian tomb; ' Or who, in exile, roused Iberia's hordes, ' Sertorius-yet, witness Heaven, with these ' I hate to rank thee; hate the task that Rome ' Has laid upon me, to oppose thy rage. ' Would that in safety from the Parthian war ' And Scythian steppes had
M. Annaeus Lucanus, Pharsalia (ed. Sir Edward Ridley), book 7, line 1 (search)
o the sun finding fuel in the clouds, see Book I., line 472. But lest his light upon Thessalian earth Might fall undimmed. Pompeius on that morn, To him the latest day of happy life, In troubled sleep an empty dream conceived. For in the watches of the night he heard Innumerable Romans shout his name Within his theatre; the benches vied To raise his fame and place him with the gods; As once in youth, when victory was won O'er conquered tribes whom swift Iberus girds,Pompeius triumphed first in 81 B.C. for his victories in Sicily and Africa, at the age of twenty-four. Sulla at first objected, but finally yielded and said, 'Let him triumph then in God's name.' The triumph for the defeat of Sertorius was not till 71 B.C., in which year Pompeius was elected Consul along with Crassus. (Compare Book IX., 706.) And when Sertorius' armies fought and fled, He sat triumphant for the west subdued, In pure white gown, and heard the Senate cheer; No less majestic as a Roman knight Than had the purp
M. Annaeus Lucanus, Pharsalia (ed. Sir Edward Ridley), book 9, line 511 (search)
l the humblest follower might drink Stood motionless. If for the truly good Is fame, and virtue by the deed itself, Not by successful issue, should be judged, Yield, famous ancestors! Fortune, not worth Gained you your glory. But such name as his Who ever merited by successful war Or slaughtered peoples? Rather would I lead With him his triumphs through the pathless sands And Libya's bounds, than in Pompeius' car Three times ascend the Capitol,1st. For his victories in Sicily and Africa, B.C. 81; 2nd. For the conquest of Sertorius, B.C. 71; 3rd. For his Eastern triumphs, B.C. 61. (Compare Book VIII., 953; VII., 16.) or break The proud Jugurtha.Over whom Marius triumphed. Rome! in him behold His country's father, worthiest of thy vows; A name by which men shall not blush to swear, Whom, shouldst thou break the fetters from thy neck, Thou mayst in distant days decree divine. Now was the heat more dense, and through that clime Than which no further on the Southern side The gods permit
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition., Life of Cicero. (search)
the branches of a liberal education under Diodotus the Stoic. When about twenty-five years of age, Cicero began his active career. It was customary to win one's spurs by attacking some political opponent; but this was contrary to Cicero's pacific nature, and throughout his life he prided himself on always taking the side of the defence. His first oratorical efforts have not been preserved to us. The earliest of his orations which we possess is his defence of P. Quinctius in a civil action (B.C. 81). This suit involved no political question; but no case at that time could be entirely free from politics in one form or another, and nothing is more significant of Cicero's character than the skill with which he constantly used political bias for his client's advantage without seeming to take sides. To defend Quinctius was a bold undertaking for a young advocate; for the opposing counsel was the great orator Hortensius, backed by powerful influence on behalf of the plaintiff. The case, too
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero, Allen and Greenough's Edition., section 6 (search)
pensation of 22,000 denarii (nearly $2400); any one, on the contrary, who befriended an outlaw, even his nearest relative, was liable to the severest punishment. The property of the proscribed was forfeited to the state, like the spoil of an enemy ; their children and grandchildren were excluded from a political career, and yet, so far as of senatorial rank, were bound to undertake their share of senatorial burdens." (Mommsen.) At first only the names of those who had justly forfeited their lives were proscribed ; afterwards it became easy for friends and favorites of the dictator (like Chrysogonus, attacked in this oration) to put upon the list the names of innocent men, and even of men already dead, so as to work confiscation of their property. Sulla's proscriptions nominally ceased June 1, B.C. 81. erat Romae: this shows that he had no reason to fear the proscription. frequens: § 290 (191); B. 239; G. 325, R.6; H. 443 (497); H.-B. 245. ut . . . videretur, clause of result.
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