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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 55 55 Browse Search
M. Annaeus Lucanus, Pharsalia (ed. Sir Edward Ridley) 3 3 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 2 2 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 2 2 Browse Search
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero 1 1 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 1 1 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 1 1 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, Orations, for his house, Plancius, Sextius, Coelius, Milo, Ligarius, etc. (ed. C. D. Yonge) 1 1 Browse Search
Appian, The Civil Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 81 BC or search for 81 BC in all documents.

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Ahenobarbus 6. CN. DOMITIUS CN. F. CN. F. AHENOBARBUS, apparently a son of No. 4, married Cornelia, daughter of L. Cornelius Cinna, consul in B. C. 87, and in the civil war between Marius and Sulla espoused the side of the former. When Sulla obtained the supreme power in 82, Ahenobarbus was proscribed, and fled to Africa, where he was joined by many who were in the same condition as himself. With the assistance of the Numidian king, Hiarbas, he collected an army, but was defeated near Utica by Cn. Pompeius, whom Sulla had sent against him, and was afterwards killed in the storming of his camp, B. C. 81. According to some accounts, he was killed after the battle by command of Pompey. (Liv. Epit. 89; Plut. Pomp. 10, 12; Zonaras, 10.2; Ores. 5.21; V. Max. 6.2.8.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Albinova'nus, P. Tu'llius belonged to the party of Marius in the first civil war, and was one of the twelve who were declared enemies of the state in B. C. 87. He thereupon fled to Hiempsal in Numidia. After the defeat of Carbo and Norbanus in B. C. 81, he obtained the pardon of Sulla by treacherously putting to death many of the principal officers of Norbanus, whom he had invited to a banquet. Ariminium in consequence revolted to Sulla, whence the Pseudo-Asconius (in Cic. Verr. p. 168, ed. Orelli) speaks of Albinovanus betraying it. (Appian, App. BC 1.60, 62, 91; Florus, 3.21.7.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
hundred of the chief men amongst the rebels to be crucified, and their wives and-children to be butchered before their eyes, while he and his concubines banqueted in sight of the victims. This act of atrocity procured for him the name of " the Thracian." It produced its effect, however, and the rebellion was shortly afterwards suppressed, after the war had lasted six years. During the next three years Alexander made some successful campaigns, recovered several cities and fortresses, and pushed his conquests beyond the Jordan. On his return to Jerusalem, in B. C. 81, his excessive drinking brought on a quartan ague, of which he died three years afterwards, while engaged in the siege of Ragaba in Gerasena, after a reign of twenty-seven years. He left his kingdom to his wife Alexandra. Coins of this king are extant, from which it appears that his proper name was Jonathan, and that Alexander was a name which he assumed according to the prevalent custom. (Josephus, J. AJ 13.12-15.) [C.P.M]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Apollonius or Apollonius Molon (search)
Apollonius or Apollonius Molon 3. Of ALABANDA, surnamed Molon, likewise a rhetorician, who left his country and went to Rhodes (Strabo xiv. p.655); but he appears to have also taught rhetoric at Rome for some time, as Cicero, who calls him a great pleader in the courts of justice and a great teacher, states that, in B. C. 88, he received instructions from him at Rome. (Cic. Brut. 89.) In B. C. 81, when Sulla was dictator, Apollonius came to Rome as ambassador of the Rhodians, on which occasion Cicero again benefited by his instructions. (Brut. 90.) Four years later, when Cicero returned from Asia, he staid for some time in Rhodes, and had an opportunity of admiring the practical eloquence of Apollonius in the courts as well as his skill in teaching. (Brut. 91.) Apollonius is also called a distinguished writer, but none of his works has come down to us. They appear however to have treated on rhetorical subjects, and on the Homeric poems. (Phoebam. i. p. 98; Porphyr. Quaest. Homeric. p.
danus in Troas, at which peace was agreed upon, on condition that each party should remain in possession of what had belonged to them before the war. This peace was in so far unfavourable to Mithridates, as he had made all his enormous sacrifices for nothing ; and when Mithridates began to feel that he had made greater concessions than he ought, he also began to suspect Archelaus of treachery, and the latter, fearing for his life, deserted to the Romans just before the outbreak of the second Mithridatic War, B. C. 81. He stimulated Murena not to wait for the attack of the king, but to begin hostilities at once. From this moment Archelaus is no more mentioned in history, but several writers state incidentally, that he was honoured by the Roman senate. (Appian, de Bell. Mithrid. 17-64; Plut. Sull. 11-24; Liv. Epit. 81 and 82; Vell. 2.25; Florus, 3.5; Oros. 6.2; Paus. 1.20.3, &ec.; Aurel. Vict. de Vir. Illustr. 75, 76; Dio Cass. Fragm. n. 173, ed. Reimar.; Sallust. Fragm. Hist. lib. iv.)
Bereni'ce 4. Otherwise called Cleopatra, daughter of Ptolemy IX. (Lathyrus), succeeded her father on the throne, B. C. 81, and married her first cousin, Alexander II., son of Alexander I., and grandson of Ptolemy VIII. (Physcon), whom Sulla, then dictator, had sent to Egypt to take possession of the kingdom. Nineteen days after her marriage she was murdered by her husband, and Appian tells us, that he was himself put to death by his subjects about the same time; but this is doubtful. (Paus. 1.9; Appian, Bell. Civ. i. p. 414; but see Cic. de Leg. Agr. 2.16; Appian, Mithr. p. 251.)
the Sabines, till the Vestal virgins and his friends obtained his pardon from the dictator, who granted it with difficulty, and is said to have observed, when they pleaded his youth and insignificance, " that that boy would some day or another be the ruin of the aristocracy, for that there were many Mariuses in him." This was the first proof which Caesar gave of the resolution and decision of character which distinguished him throughout life. He now withdrew from Rome and went to Asia in B. C. 81, where he served his first campaign under M. Minucius Thermus, who was engaged in the siege of Mytilene, which was the only town in Asia that held out against the Romans after the conclusion of the first Mithridatic war. Thermus sent him to Nicomedes III. in Bithynia to fetch his fleet, and, on his return to the camp, he took part in the capture of Mytilene (B. C. 80), and was rewarded by the Roman general with a civic crown for saving the life of a fellow-soldier. He next served under P.
siduity, and accordingly at the age of twenty-five Cicero came forward as a pleader. The first of his extant speeches, in a civil suit, is that for P. Quinctius (B. C. 81), in which, however, he refers to some previous efforts; the first delivered upon a criminal trial was that in defence of Sex. Roscius of Ameria, charged with paopinion has existed with regard to the real author. Regius propounded no less than three hypotheses, assigning it at one time to Q. Corniticius, who was quaestor B. C. 81, and an unsuccessful candidate for the consulship in B. C. 64; at another, to Virginius, a rhetorician contemporary with Nero; and lastly, to Timolaus, son of quefixed survive only in a few mutilated fragments; those with one asterisk are imperfect, but enough is left to convey a clear idea of the work. Pro P. Quinctio B. C. 81. [QUINCTIUS.] Pro Sex. Roscio Amerino B. C. 80. [Roscius.] Pro Muliere Arretina. Before his journey to Athens. (See above, p. 709, and pro Caecin. 33.) * P
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
De'cula, M. Tu'llius was consul in B. C. 81, with Cornelius Dolabella, during the dictatorship of Sulla; but the consuls of that year were only nominal, as Sulla had all the power in his hands. (Cic. de Leg. Agr. 2.14; Gellius, 15.28; Appian, App. BC 1.100.) [L.S]
Dolabella 5. Cn. Cornelius Dolabella, a grandson of No. 4, and a son of the Cn. Cornelius Dolabella who was put to death in B. C. 100, together with the tribune Appuleius Saturninus. During the civil war between Marius and Sulla, Dolabella sided with the latter, and in B. C. 81, when Sulla was dictator, Dolabella was raised to the consulship, and afterwards received Macedonia for his province. He there carried on a successful war against the Thracians, for which he was rewarded on his return with a triumph. In B. C. 77, however, young Julius Caesar charged him with having been guilty of extortion in his province, but he was acquitted. (Oros. 5.17; Plut. Sull. 28, &c.; Appian, App. BC 1.100; Suet. Jul. 4, 49, 55; Vell. 2.43; Aurel. Vict. de Vir. Ill. 78; V. Max. 8.9.3; Cic. in Pison. 19, Brut. 92, de Leg. Agr. 2.14; Tacit. de Orat. 34; Gellius, 15.28; Ascon. in Scaur. p. 29, in Cornel. p. 73, ed. Orelli.)
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