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her's memory, at which time Lucius was still very young. (Plut. Lucull. 1; Cic. Acad. pr. 2.1, de Prov. Cons. 9). The year of his quaestorship is unknown, but he appears to have held that office under Sulla, as he was afterwards brought to trial by C. Memmius for illegal acts committed by him in that capacity by the command of the latter (Plut. Luc. 37). the civil war which followed the return of Sulla to Italy, we find M. Lucullus employed by that general as one of his lieutenants, and in B. C. 82 he gained a brilliant victory over a detachment of the forces of Carbo, near the town of Fidentia (Plut. Sull. 27; Vell. 2.28; Appian, Civ. 1.92). In B. C. 79 he held the office of curule aedile, together with his brother Lucius (Plut. Luc. 1; see above, No. 4). Two years later (B. C. 77) he obtained the praetorship, in which he distinguished himself greatly by the impartiality with which he administered justice, and by his efforts to check the lawless habits which had grown up during the l
Luta'tia Gens plebeian. The name is sometimes written in MSS. Luctatius as well as Lutatius: in the poets the u in the latter form is short (Sil. Ital. 6.687; Claudian, in Eutrop. 1.455.) This gens first became distinguished in Roman history by C. Lutatius Catulus, who was consul B. C. 242, the last year of the first Punic war. Its cognomens are CATULUS, CERCO, and PINTHIA; but Cerco is the only cognomen which we find upon coins. The Lutatii had a burial-place (sepulchrum Lutatiorum) beyond the Tiber, which is mentioned in B. C. 82. (Oros. 5.21.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Ma'rius or Marius the Younger or the Younger Marius (search)
C. 1.62). He was born in B. C. 109; and the particulars of his life down to the time of his father's death are related in the preceding article. During the three years after the death of the elder Marius Sulla was engaged in the prosecution of the war against Mithridates, and Italy was entirely in the hands of the Marian party. The young Marius followed in the footsteps of his father, and was equally distisguished by merciless severity against his enemies. he was elected consul for the year B. C. 82, when he was twenty-seven years of age, and his colleague was Cn. Papirius Carbo. Slla had landed at Brundisium at the beginning of the preceding year, and after conquering the southern part of the peninsula, appears to have passed the winter in Campania. Marius was stationed on the frontiers of Latium to oppose him; and the decisive battle was fought near Sacriportus (the position of which is quite uncertain). Marius was entirely defeated, and threw himself into the strongly-fortified town
ther from Spain, but they quarrelled and separated shortly afterwards. In B. C. 84 Metellus was defeated by C. Fabius, one of the Marian party. He therefore returned to Italy, and remained in Liguria; but hearing of the return of Sulla from Asia in the following year (B. C. 83), he hastened to meet him at Brundisium, and was one of the first of the nobles who joined him. In the war which followed against the Marian party, Metellus was one of the most successful of Sulla's generals. Early in B. C. 82, Metellas gained a victory over Carrinas, near the river Aesis in Umbria, defeated shortly afterwards another division of Carbo's army, and finally gained a decisive victory over Carbo and Norbanus, near Faventia, in Cisalpine Gaul. In B. C. 80, Metellus was consul with Sulla himself. In this year he rewarded the services of Calidius, in obtaining the recall of his father from banishment, by using his influence to obtain for him the praetorship. In the following year (B. C. 79), Metellus
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Mithridates Eupator or Mithridates Magnus or Mithridates the Great (search)
ncluded, the Roman general was in great measure instigated by Archelaus, who, finding himself regarded with suspicion by Mithridates, had consulted his safety by flight, and was received with the utmost honours by the Romans. Mithridates, who had evidently been wholly unprepared to renew the contest with Rome, offered no opposition to the progress of Murena; but finding that general disregard his remonstrances, he sent to Rome to complain of his aggression. But when in the following spring (B. C. 82) he found Murena preparing to renew his hostile incursions, notwithstanding the arrival of a Roman legate, who nominally commanded him to desist, he at once determined to oppose him by force, and assembled a large army, with which he met the Roman general on the banks of the Halys. The action that ensued terminated in the complete victory of the king; and Murena, with difficulty, effected his retreat into Phrygia, leaving Cappadocia at the mercy of Mithridates, who quickly overran the whole
Mure'na 3. P. Licinius Murena, the son of the preceding, was a man of moderate talent, but he paid great attention to the study of antiquity, and was a man of some literary knowledge. (Cic. Brut. 54.) He lost his life in the wars of Marius and Sulla (B. C. 82); for his death is mentioned by Cicero as taking place at the same time with the murder of Q. Mucius Scaevola, the jurist and Pontifex Maximus, or shortly after; and Cicero seems to mean that he died a violent death; and if so, he must have perished by the hands of the Marian faction, though there is no direct authority for that statement, which is made by Drumann. (Cic. Brut. 90; Drumann, Geschichte Roms, vol. iv. p. 184.)
veterans, and fled in all directions, and it was not till they reached the walls of Capua that Norbanus was able to rally them again. Six or seven thousand of his men fell in this battle, while Sulla's loss is said to have been only seventy. Appian, contrary to all the other authorities, places this battle near Canusium in Apulia, but it is not improbable, as Druimann has conjectured (Geschichte Röms, vol. ii. p. 459), that he wrote Casilinum, a town on the Vulturnus. In the following year, B. C. 82, Norbanus joined the consul Carbo in Cisalpine Gaul, but their united forces were entirely defeated by Metellus Pius. [METELLUS, No. 19.] This may be said to have given the death-blow to the Marian party in Italy. Desertion from their ranks rapidly followed, and Albinovanus, who had been entrusted with the command of Ariminum, invited Norbanus and his principal officers to a banquet. Norbanus suspected treachery, and declined the invitation; the rest accepted it and were murdered. Norbanus
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Ofella, Q. Lucre'tius originally belonged to the Marian party, but deserted to Sulla ; and although he had not hitherto distinguisher himself in any way (Dio Cass. xxxiv. Frugm. 134), Sulla appointed him to the command of the army employed in the blockade of Praeneste, where the younger Marius had taken refuge in B. C. 82. Praeneste was obliged to surrender in the course of the year, and the younger Marius put an end to his own life. Relying on these services, Ofella became a candidate for the consulship in the following year, although he had not yet been either quaestor or praetor, thus acting in defiance of Sulla's law De, Magistratibus. Sulla at first attempted to dissuade him from becoming a candidate ; but as he persisted in his purpose, and entered the forum supported by a large party, Sulla sent a centurion to kill him in the middle of the forum, and informed the people that he had commanded the execution of Ofella, because he refused to obey his commands. After saying this, Su
Perperna 4. M. Perperna Vento, son of No. 3, joined the Marian party in the civil war, and was raised to the praetorship (Perperna praetoius, Vell. 2.30), though in what year is uncertain. After Sulla had completely conquered the Marian party in Italy in B. C. 82, Perperna fled to Sicily with some troops; but upon the arrival of Pompey shortly afterwards, who had been sent thither by Sulla, Perperna evacuated the island. On the death of Sulla in B. C. 78, Perperna joined the consul M. Aemilius Lepidus in his attempt to overthrow the new aristocratical constitution, and retired with him to Sardinia on the failure of this attempt. Lepidus died in Sardinia in the following year, B. C. 77, and Perperna with the remains of his army crossed over to Spain, where the amiable disposition and brilliant genius of Sertorius had gained the love of the inhabitants of the country, and had for some time defied all the efforts of Q. Metellus Pius, who had been sent against him with a large army by the
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Pompeius Magnus or Pompeius the Great or Cn. Pompeius (search)
but his troops proved faithful to him, and he joined Sulla in safety, having already gained for himself a brilliant reputation. He was received by Sulla with still greater distinction than he had anticipated; for when he leapt down from his horse, and saluted Sulla by the title of Imperator, the latter returned the compliment by addressing him by the same title. Pompey was only twenty-three, and had not held any public office when he received this unprecedented mark of honour. Next year, B. C. 82, the war was prosecuted with vigour against the Marian party. Pompey took a prominent part in it as one of Sulla's legates, and by his success gained still further distinction. The younger Marius, who was now consul, was blockaded in Praeneste, and his colleague, Carbo, was making every effort to relieve him. Sulla himself fought an indecisive battle against Carbo; but his legates, Marcius and Carrinas, were defeated by Pompey. Carbo then retreated to Ariminum, and sent Marcius to the relie
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