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Carri'nas 1. C. Carrinas, is mentioned first as the commander of a detachment of the Marian party, with which he attacked Pompey, who was levying troops in Picenum to strengthen the forces of Sulla in B. C. 83, immediately after his arrival in Italy. In the year after, B. C. 82, Carrinas was legate of the consul Cn. Papirius Carbo [CARBO, No. 7.], and fought a battle on the river Aesis, in Umbria, against Metellus, in which however he was beaten. He was attacked soon after in the neighbourhood of Spoletium, by Pompey and Crassus, two of Sulla's generals, and after a loss of nearly 3000 men, he was besieged by the enemy, but found means to escape during a dark and stormy night. After Carbo had quitted Italy, Carrinas and Marcius continued to command two legions ; and after joining Damasippus and the Sanmites, who were still in arms, they marched towards the passes of Praeneste, hoping to force their way through them and relieve Marius, who was still besieged in that town. But when this
Consi'dius 3. L. Considius, conducted, in conjunction with Sex. Saltius, a colony to Capua, which was formed by M. Brutus, the father of the so-called tyrannicide, in his tribunate, B. C. 83. [BRUTUS, No. 20] Cousidius and Saltius are ridiculed by Cicero for the arrogance which they displayed, and for calling themselves practors instead of duumvirs. (Cic. de Leg. Agr. 2.34.)
Corne'lia 2. Daughter of L. Cinna, one of the great leaders of the Marian party, was married to C. Caesar, afterwards dictator. Caesar married her in B. C. 83, when he was only seventeen years of age; and when Sulla commanded him to put her away, he refused to do so, and chose rather to be deprived of her fortune and to be proscribed himself. Cornelia bore him his daughter Julia, and died before his quaestorship. Caesar delivered an oration in praise of her from the Rostra, when he was quaestor. (Plut. Caes. 1, 5; Suet. Jul. 1, 5, 6 ; Vell. 2.41.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
ade his way to Malaca. Thence, seizing the vessels in the port, he set sail for Africa, where he met Q. Metellus Pius, who had escaped from the party of Marius. He soon quarrelled with Metellus, and did not remain long in Africa, for when Sulla (B. C. 83) landed in Italy, Crassus proceeded to join that successful general. He was now brought into competition with Pompey, who also served under Sulla. The mind of Crassus was of an essentially vulgar type. He was noted for envy, but his envy was nd increase the fortunes of his family he was willing to submit to servile dependence, to encounter any risk, and undergo any hardship. He undertook a service of considerable danger in levying troops for Sulla among the Marsi, and he afterwards (B. C. 83) distinguished himself in a successful campaign in Umbria. He was personally brave, and, by fighting against the remains of the Marian faction, he was avenging the wrongs of his house. Sulla put him in mind of this, and rewarded him by donations
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Flaccus, Vale'rius 14. C. Valerius Flaccus is called imperator and propraetor of Gaul in B. C. 83, in the consulship of L. Cornelius Scipio and C. Norbanus. (Cic. pro Quint. 7.) He may possibly be the same as No. 13.
. s. v. Fonteius.) Cicero enumerates the offices borne by M. or M'. Fonteius in the following order. He was a triumvir, but whether for apportioning land, conducting a colony, or of the public treasury, is unknown. He was quaestor between B. C. 86-83. In B. C. 83 he was legatus, with the title of Pro-quaestor in Further Spain, and afterwards legatus in Macedonia, when he repressed the incursions of the Thracian tribes into the Roman province. The date of his praetorship is uncertain, but he govB. C. 83 he was legatus, with the title of Pro-quaestor in Further Spain, and afterwards legatus in Macedonia, when he repressed the incursions of the Thracian tribes into the Roman province. The date of his praetorship is uncertain, but he governed, as his praetorian province, Narbonnese Gaul, between B. C. 76-73, since he remained three years in his government, and in 75 sent provisions, military stores, and recruits to Metellus Pius and Cn. Pompey, who were then occupied with the Sertorian war in Spain. His exactions for this purpose formed one of the charges brought against him by the provincials. He returned to Rome in B. C. 73-2, but he was not prosecuted for extortion and misgovernment until B. C. 69. M. Plaetorius was the cond
Fufi'dius 2. FUFIDIUS, propraetor of Baetica in the first year of the Sertorian war. Sertorius defeated him in B. C. 83 or 82. (Sall. Fragm. 1.15, 52, ed. Gerlach, vol. i.) In the speech which Sallust ascribes to M. Aemilius Lepidus against Sulla, Fufidius is called " a base slave-girl, the dishonour of the honours" which Sulla conferred on him. (Fragm. xv. p. 218.) In Florus (3.21) Furfidius, who admonished Sulla, during the proscription, "to spare some that he might have some to rule," was probably Fufidius, and in Plutarch (Plut. Sull. 31, comp. id. Sert. 25, 27 ), for Aufidius, a flatterer of Sulla, to whom somewhat similar advice is attributed, should be read, according to Sintenis, the last editor of Plutarch, Fufidius.
Go'rdius a Cappadocian by birth, the instrument of Mithridates Eupator VI. in his attempts to annex Cappadocia to Pontus. Gordius was employed by him, in B. C. 96, to murder Ariarathes VI. king of Cappadocia [ARIARATHES, No. 6]. He was afterwards tutor of a son of Mithridates. whom, after the murder of Ariarathes VII. he made king of Cappadocia. Gordius was sent as the envoy of Mithridates to Rome, and afterwards employed by him to engage Tigranes, king of Armenia, to attack Cappadocia, and expel Ariobarzanes I., whom the Romans made king of that country in B. C. 93. Sulla restored Ariobarzanes in the following year, and drove Gordius out of Cappadocia. Gordius was opposed to Muraena on the banks of the Halys, B. C. 83-2. (Justin, 38.1-3; App. Mith. 66; Plut. Sull. 5.) [W.B.D]
Gra'nius 5. GRANIUS, decurio of Puteoli in B. C. 78. A tax had been imposed on the Italian cities for the restoration of the Capitol at Rome, which had been burnt down during the civil war between Marius and Sulla, B. C. 83. Granius, in anticipation of Sulla's death, which was daily expected, kept back the levy on his municipium. Sulla, highly incensed at the delay, since he had set his heart on dedicating the Capitol, and inscribing it with his name, summoned Granius to his house at Cumae, and caused him to be strangled in his presence. (Plut. Sull. 37; V. Max. 9.3.8.)
Gutta 1. A native of Capua, one of the commanders of the Italian allies, who came to the relief of the younger Marius in the civil war, B. C. 83. (App. BC 3.90.) SchweighaĆ¼ser thinks he may be the same as the Albinus who perished with Telesinus shortly afterwards, and that consequently his full name was Albinus Gutta. (Schw. ad App. BC 1.93.
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