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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 83 BC or search for 83 BC in all documents.

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Ju'nia 2. The daughter of Servilia and D. Junius Silanus, consul in B. C. 62. She was also the halfsister of M. Junius Brutus, the murderer of Caesar, who was the son of Servilia by her first husband, M. Junius Brutus, tribune of the plebs in B. C. 83. Junia was married to M. Lepidus, subsequently the triumvir. When Cicero was in Cilicia, in B. C. 50, he was told that she was not faithful to Lepidus: he speaks of her portrait being found among the chattels of the debauchee P. Vedius, and expresses his surprise at her brother and husband taking no notice of her conduct. He afterwards speaks of her in one of the Philippics in terms of praise (probatissima uxor). She seems, at all events, to have won the affections of her husband; and when she became involved in the conspiracy formed by her son Lepidus against the life of Octavian, after the battle of Actium, her husband offered to become security for her. (Cic. Att. 6.1, 14.8, Phil. 13.4; Vell. 2.88; Appian, App. BC 4.50.)
M. Lampo'nius a Lucanian, was one of the principal captains of the Italians in the war of the allies with Rome, B. C. 90-88. He commanded in his native province at the breaking out of the war, since he drove P. Licinius Crassus [CRASSUS, LICINIUS, No. 14] with great loss into Grumentum. (Frontin. Strat. 2.4, 16.) In the last war with Sulla, B. C. 83-2, when the Samnites and Lucanians had become the allies of the Marian party at Rome, Lamponius was the companion of Pontius of Telesia in his march upon the capital. After victory finally declared for Sulla at the Colline gate, Lamponius disappeared with the herd of fugitives. (Appian, App. BC 1.40, 41, 90, 93; Plut. Sull. 29; Flor. 3.21; Eutrop. 5.8.) *)Apw/nios in Diodorus (xxxvii. Eclog. i.) is a misreading for Lamponius. [W.B.D]
Magada'tes (*Magada/ths), general of Tigranes, king of Armenia, was entrusted by him with the government of Syria, when it had been conquered from Antiochus X. (Eusebes) in B. C. 83. Magadates, having ruled over the country for fourteen years, left it in B. C. 69 to aid his master against Lucullus; and Antiochus XIII., son of Antiochus X., seized the opportunity to recover the kingdom. (App. Syr. 48, 49, Mithr. 84, &c.; Plut. Luc. 25, &c.; Just. 40.1, 2.) Justin differs, apparently, from Appian in mentioning eighteen years as the period during which Syria was held by the officer of Tigranes; but the numbers are satisfactorily reconciled by Clinton. (F. H. vol. iii. p. 340.) [E.
equest, numbers deserted to the enemy; and finding it impossible to hold out against Marius and Cinna, he left the city and went to Africa. Here he collected a considerable force and was joined by Crassus, who had also fled thither from Spain, but they quarrelled and separated shortly afterwards. In B. C. 84 Metellus was defeated by C. Fabius, one of the Marian party. He therefore returned to Italy, and remained in Liguria; but hearing of the return of Sulla from Asia in the following year (B. C. 83), he hastened to meet him at Brundisium, and was one of the first of the nobles who joined him. In the war which followed against the Marian party, Metellus was one of the most successful of Sulla's generals. Early in B. C. 82, Metellas gained a victory over Carrinas, near the river Aesis in Umbria, defeated shortly afterwards another division of Carbo's army, and finally gained a decisive victory over Carbo and Norbanus, near Faventia, in Cisalpine Gaul. In B. C. 80, Metellus was consul
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Mithridates Eupator or Mithridates Magnus or Mithridates the Great (search)
xcite the jealousy of Mithridates, who, in consequence, recalled his son, and placed him in confinement. He now assembled a large force both military and naval, for the reduction of the revolted provinces; and so great were his preparations for this purpose, that they aroused the suspicions of the Romans, who pretended that they must be in fact designed against them. Murena, who had been left in command by Sulla, was eager for some opportunity of earning the honour of a triumph, and he now (B. C. 83), under the flimsy pretext that Mithridates had not yet evacuated the whole of Cappadocia, marched into that country, and not only made himself master of the wealthy city of Comana, but even crossed the Halys, and laid waste the plains of Pontus itself. To this flagrant breach of the treaty so lately concluded, the Roman general was in great measure instigated by Archelaus, who, finding himself regarded with suspicion by Mithridates, had consulted his safety by flight, and was received with
Mure'na 5. L. Licinius Murena, the son of No. 4, served under his father (B. C. 83) in the war against Mithridates. He was quaestor at Rome with the jurist Serv. Sulpicius, who was afterwards his opponent in the canvas for the consulship. In his aedileship Murena adorned the walls of the Comitium with Lacedaemonian stone (Plin. Nat. 35.14). In the third Mithridatic war, which began B. C. 74, he served under L. Lucullus (Plut. Luc. 15, &c.), and was left by him to direct the siege of Amisus, while Lycullus advanced against Mithridates. At the captare of Amisus B. C. 71). Tyrannio was made prisoner, and he was given to Murena at his request, who thereupon made him free, by which act it was implied that he had been a slave. Plutarch (Plut. Luc. 19) blames Murena for his conduct in this matter, and adds that it was not in this instance only that Murena showed himself far inferior to his general in honourable feeling and conduct. Murena followed Tigranes in his retreat from Tigranocerta t
Norba'nus occurs as a name of several distinguished Romans towards the latter end of the republic, but they appear to have had no gentile name. Many modern writers suppose that C. Norbanus, who was consul B. C. 83 [see below, No. 1], belonged to the Junia gens, but for this there is no authority whatsoever. In fact, Norbanus came to be looked upon as a kind of gentile name, and hence a cognomen was attached to it. Thus, in some of the Fasti, the C. Norbanus just mentioned bears the cognomen Babu or Bulbs; and subsequently several of the family are called by the surname of Flaccus. It is quite uncertain to which member of the family the following coin belongs. It bears on the obverse the head of Venus, and on the reverse ears of corn, a caduceus, and faces with an axe. (Eckhel, vol. v. p. 262.)
sland. (Cic. Ver. 5.4, comp. 3.49.) In B. C. 88 he came to the assistance of the town of Rhegium, which was very nearly falling into the hands of the Samnites, who, taking advantage of the civil commotions at Rome, had formed the design of invading Sicily. (Diod. Eclog. xxxvii. p. 540, ed. Wesseling. The text of Diodorus has *Ga/i+os *)Orbano/s for which we ought undoubtedly to read with Wesseling, *Gai+os *Norbano/s.) In the civil wars Norbanus espoused the Marian party, and was consul in B. C. 83 with Scipio .Asiaticus. In this year Sulla crossed over from Greece to Italy, and marched from Brundisium into Campania, where Norbanus was waiting for him, on the Vulturnus at the foot of Mount Tifata, not far from Capua. Sulla at first sent deputies to Norbanus under the pretext of treating respecting a peace, but evidently with the design of tampering with his troops; bat they could not effect their purpose, and returned to Sulla after being insulted and maltreated by the other side. The
t long; Demetrius was the first to turn his arms against Philip, but the latter was supported not only by Straton tyrant of Beraea, but by a large Parthian army under a general named Mithridates, who blockaded Demetrius in his camp, and ultimately took him prisoner. After this Philippus made himself master of Antioch, and became for a short time sole ruler of Syria, probably in the year B. C. 88. But the civil war was soon renewed by his remaining brother Antiochus XII., who made himself master of Damascus and Coele-Syria, of which Philip was unable to dispossess him. (J. AJ 13.13.4, 14.3, 15.1; Euseb. Arm. p. 169.) The subsequent fortunes of the latter are wholly unknown but it seems certain that he was dethroned, and probably also put to death by Tigranes, king of Armenia, when that monarch established himself on the throne of Syria, B. C. 83. (Trog. Pomp. Prol. xl.; Euseb. Arm. p. 170; Eckhel. vol. iii. p. 244; Froelich. Ann. Syr. p. 114 ; Clinton, F. H. vol. iii. p. 339 [E.H.B]
out giving hint of who he is, and merely citing them as from Alexander Polyhistor. These evidently form part of a history of the Jews in verse, and were written either by a Jew, in the character of a heathen, as Fabricius hints is possible, or by a heathen acquainted with the Jewish Scriptures. This is, in all probability, the author, and the work referred to by Josephus and Clemens Alexandrinus. Of course the author must have lived before the time of Alexander Polyhistor, who came to Rome, B. C. 83. It is doubtful whether he is the same writer with the geographer of the same name, mentioned above. Philon 13. Of TARSUS, a deacon. He was a companion of Ignatius of Antioch, and accompanied the martyr from the East to Rome, A. D. 107. He is twice mentioned in the epistles of Ignatius (ad Philadelph. 100.11, ad Smyrnaeos, 100.13). He is supposed to have written, along with Rheus Agathopus, the Martyrium Ignatii, for which see IGNATIUS, in this work, Vol. II. p. 566b. (Comp. Cave, Hist L
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