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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 30 30 Browse Search
Appian, The Civil Wars (ed. Horace White) 2 2 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 2 2 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 1 1 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 1 1 Browse Search
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition.. You can also browse the collection for 89 BC or search for 89 BC in all documents.

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J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition., Life of Cicero. (search)
ius and Aesopus. He practiced many kinds of composition, but his most important means of education, as he tells us, was translation from the Greek. At the age of sixteen (B.C. 90), Cicero received the toga virilis (the "coming out" of a Roman boy), and from that time he devoted himself to law and statesmanship as well as oratory. For this purpose he was put under the charge of Mucius Scaevola, the augur, and later he attached himself to the no less celebrated Pontifex of the same name. In B.C. 89 he served one campaign in the army under Cn. Pompeius Strabo. After this short military experience, he returned with still greater vigor to his literary and political studies. He studied philosophy under Phaedrus and Philo, oratory under Molo of Rhodes, and all the branches of a liberal education under Diodotus the Stoic. When about twenty-five years of age, Cicero began his active career. It was customary to win one's spurs by attacking some political opponent; but this was contrary to Ci
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero, Allen and Greenough's Edition., section 28 (search)
bello . . . hostibus: loc. abl. expressing the circumstances; we may translate by a clause with when. ad patris exercitum: Pompey, then seventeen years old, served with his father, Cn. Pompeius Strabo, consul B.C. 89, the last year of the Social War. summi imperatoris: his father, who commanded on the side of the Senate against Cinna, B.C. 87. imperator: in B.C. 83 the young Pompey raised an army (chiefly from his father's immense estates in Picenum) and joined Sulla, who complimented him as imperator, although he had not yet held even the quaestorship. quisquam, used on account of the neg. idea in saepius quam; see note on cujusquam, p. 78, l. 25. inimico, a private adversary (e.g. before a court). imperiis: all Pompey's commands had been either assumed by him or irregularly conferred upon him until he obtained the consulship in B.C. 70. Civile, Africanum, etc.: Pompey's exploits in these various wars are referred to in the same order but in greater detail below (sects
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero, Allen and Greenough's Edition., section 7 (search)
t. These towns now exchanged their independence for Roman citizenship, and became incorporated with the republic; though many of them, as Heraclia, hesitated about making the change, and did it with great reluctance. They lost all rights of independent government (such as that of coining money, the jus exsili, etc.). Latin became the official language; justice was administered by Roman law; and in most cases their government was organized on the model of Rome, having duumviri,for consuls, and a curia for the Senate. The passage here given from the Plautian-Papirian Law contains its application to citizens of foreign birth, like Archias. si qui, etc.: the law is quoted in indir. disc., but the main clause is omitted, being implied in data est; see ยง 592, 2 (341, c) ; G. 663, 2, b; H.-B. 535, I, a. essent professi, should have declared their intention. Q. Metellum [Pium], praetor, B.C. 89: the most eminent living member of this family, and one of the leaders of the aristocracy.
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero, Allen and Greenough's Edition., section 11 (search)
ey's Military Command). superioribus, sc. censoribus. New censors were regularly appointed every five years; those here referred to were Q. Marcius Philippus and M. Perperna (B.C. 86). In the present instance the succession had been interfered with by Sulla, but restored in B.C. 70. in Asia: this was in the First Mithridatic War, in which Lucullus served as quaestor to Sulla. primis, i.e. the first after the passage of the lex Plautia-Papiria: these were L. Julius Caesar and P. Crassus (B.C. 89). esse versatum (sc. eum), had availed himself of: this clause is the obj. of criminaris. testamentum, etc., acts which no foreigner could do. in beneficiis, etc., his name was reported for a reward from the state (i.e. on the ground of some special merit); this, of course, implied citizenship. suo, etc., i.e. Archias and his friends knew that he was a citizen and had acted as such, whatever might be said on the other side. At this point Cicero practically rests his case. The remai