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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 4 4 Browse Search
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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, AUGUSTUS, DIVUS, TEMPLUM (search)
e sixth century A.D., and was redecorated in part in or about 649, 705, 741, 757, and 772. It was partially abandoned after the earthquake of Leo IV in 847, and the church of S. Maria Nuova (S. Francesca Romana) was founded to replace it: though the presence of a huge pillar in the centre of the piscina of the peristyle of Caligula shows that a last effort was made to support the falling vaulting; and Wilpert assigns some of the paintings in the front hall to the tenth century. In the thirteenth century the small basilica of S. Maria libera nos a poenis inferni (S. Maria Liberatrice) was erected above the site of the older church. In 1702 the upper part of the back wall of S. Maria Antiqua was brought to light, but covered up again; but the whole church has now been cleared (HCh 309; Rushforth in PBS i. 1-123; Mitt. 1902, 74-82; 1905, 84-94; CR 1901, 141-142, 329; 1902, 95-96, 284; HC 161-180; Gruneisen, S. Marie Antique (Rome, 1911); Wilpert, Mosaiken und Malereien, text, passim, p
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, FORUM TRAIANI (search)
ion of Balnea Pauli, but this is itself merely a sixteenth century invention, based on a false reading in Juvenal vii. 233. (See BALINEUM PHOEBI.) Cf. Adinolfi, Roma nell' eta di mezzo, ii. 43, 47. Hulsen quotes a privilege of 938 (Reg. Subl. p. 63, n. 24) which speaks of Adrianus quondam de banneo Neapolim This, as Hulsen has suggested, may be a mistake for Neapolini, the name of the owner of the bath. ; and the name occurs in the form mons Balnei Neapolis and mons Manianapoli in the thirteenth century (HCh 351). Here must have been situated the church of S. Salvator de Divitiis or in Cryptis (HCh 438). Two drawings by Cronaca (?) show a portion of the south enclosure wall of the forum proper, which was of blocks of white marble, and decorated with an internal colonnade like the forum Transitorium, with a line of tabernae outside. The frieze with a griffin and cupids, now in the Lateran (SScR 150, pl. 33), belonged to this wall (Bartoli, in Mem. AP I. ii. 177-192), and from its
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, PORTA NOMENTANA (search)
PORTA NOMENTANA a gate in the Aurelian wall from which the VIA NOMENTANA (q.v.) issued (DMH), 75 metres to the south-east of the modern Porta Pia, which was erected by Pius IV in 1564. It retained its ancient name until the thirteenth century (T in loc.); it occurs under the form of Numantia in Magister Gregorius (JRS 1919, 19, 46). It had two semi-circular towers, the left-hand one of which, in brickwork attributable to Aurelian, stands on a square brick tomb, while the right-hand one, removed in 1827, stood upon the tomb of one Q. Haterius (CIL vi. 1426; see SEPULCRUM Q. HATERII). The analogy of the porta Salaria suggests that the curtain had three large windows over a single arch; and it is the only example of one of Aurelian's original gates which has not been re-faced. Immediately to the south-east there is a small postern (LF 3 ; Jord. i. I. 355; T iii. 8; PBS iii. 38; x. 20; Discovery vi. (1925), 293-295; BC 1927, 55, 56).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, SEP. DOMITIORUM (search)
SEP. DOMITIORUM or monumentum Domitiorum (Suet. Nero 50): the tomb of the family of the Domitii on the Pincian, where the ashes of Nero were placed, in a sarcophagus of porphyry with an altar of Luna marble standing above it, all enclosed by a balustrade of Thasian marble (loc. cit.). This tomb stood on the north-west slope of the hill, probably in horti belonging to the Domitii, but in the Middle Ages it was thought to be at the foot of the hill. To exorcise the evil spirit of Nero, Paschal II (1099) built here a small chapel which became in the thirteenth century the church of S. Maria del Popolo (HJ 446; Arm. 319; BC 1877, 194; 1914, 376-377). See also Town Planning Review, xi. (1924), 79, 8o. The history of the foundation of S. Maria del Popolo is quite uncertain (HCh 358).