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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., The opposing forces at Cold Harbor. June 1st, 1864. (search)
ors have also found it impossible to give the strength of the army. It is nowhere authoritatively stated. Upon this subject Colonel Walter H. Taylor ( Four years with General Lee, p. 136) remarks: The only reenforcements received by General Lee were as follows: Near Hanover Junction he was joined by a small force under General Breckinridge, . . . 2200 strong, and Pickett's division of Longstreet's corps, which had been on detached duty in North Carolina. Hoke's brigade of Early's division, 1200 strong, which had been on detached duty at the Junction, here also rejoined its division; and at Cold Harbor General Lee received the division of General Hoke, also just from North Carolina--the two divisions (Pickett's and Hoke's) numbering 11000 men. The aggregate of these reenforcements (14,400 men), added to General Lee's original strength [which Colonel Taylor estimates at 64,000], would give 78,400 as the aggregate of all troops engaged under him from the Wilderness to Cold Harbor.
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., The opposing forces in Arkansas, April 20, 1864. (search)
ers: Brig.-Gens. T . N. Waul, W. R. Scurry, and Col. Horace Randal. Arkansas division, Brig.-Gen. Thomas J. Churchill. Tappan's Brigade, Brig.-Gen. J. C. Tappan: 24th and 30th Ark., Lieut.-Col. W. R. Hardy; 27th and 38th Ark., Col. R. G. Shaver; 33d Ark., Col. H. L. Grinsted. Hawthorn's Brigade, Brig.-Gen. A. T. Hawthorn: . . . Gause's Brigade, Col. L. C. Gause: 26th Ark., Lieut.-Col. Iverson L. Brooks; 32d Ark., Lieut.-Col. William Hicks; 36th Ark., Col. J. M. Davie. Missouri division, Brig.-Gen. M. M. Parsons. First Brigade, Brig.-Gen. John B. Clark, Jr.: 8th Mo., Col. Charles S. Mitchell; 9th Mo., Col. R . H. Musser; Mo. Battery, Capt. S. T. Ruffner. Second Brigade, Col. S. P. Burns: 10th Mo., Col. William Moore; 11th Mo., Lieut.-Col. Thomas H. Murray; 12th Mo.,----; 16th Mo., Lieut.-Col. P. W. H. Cumming; 9th Mo. Battalion Sharp-shooters, Maj. L. A. Pindall; Mo. Battery, Capt. A. A. Lesueur. Maximum effective strength (estimated), 14,000; total loss (estimated), 1200.
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., The opposing forces at Nashville, Dec. 15-16, 1864. (search)
official returns the effective force of Thomas's whole command was as follows: October 31st, 53,415; November 20th, 59,534; November 30th, 71,452; December 10th, 70,272. In his official report, General Thomas says that his effective force early in November consisted of the Fourth Corps, about 12,000, under General D. S. Stanley; the Twenty-third Corps, about 10,000, under General J. M. Schofield; Hatch's division of cavalry, about 4000; Croxton's brigade, 2500, and Capron's brigade of about 1200 [total, 29,700]. The balance of my force was distributed along the railroad, and posted at Murfreesboro‘, Stevenson, Bridgeport, Huntsville, Decatur, and Chattanooga, to keep open our communications and hold the posts above named, if attacked, until they could be reeinforced, as up to this time it was impossible to determine which course Hood would take — advance on Nashville, or turn toward Huntsville. It is estimated that the available Union force of all arms in and about Nashville on Dece
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., chapter 10.78 (search)
by over two months of hard service, and General Early's Memoir gives its number of mounted men on September 19th as about 1200, and also the mounted men of Lomax as about 1700. To the artillery are ascribed on September 10th, in the best available e total present for duty with his army would be about 13,288 enlisted men of all three arms, with, in round numbers, about 1200 officers. But for the infantry only do we find the War records statistics vouching. General Early, in a note to the edufficient to contend with that of the enemy, the rout in the morning would have been complete; as it was, I had only about 1200 cavalry on the field under Rosser; Lomax's force, which numbered less than 1700, did not get up. My infantry and artillerys about 8800 muskets, in round numbers as follows: in Kershaw's division, 2700; Ramseur's, 2100; Gordon's, 1700; Pegram's, 1200, and Wharton's, 1100. Making a moderate allowance for the men left to guard the camps and the signal station on the mount
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., The defense of Fort Fisher. (search)
agg, or the sound of his guns from the north, but in vain, and before daylight we retired to the fort. With the rising sun, on the 15th, the fleet, which had been annoying us all through the night, redoubled its fire on the land-face. The sea was calm, the naval gunners had become accurate by practice, and before noon but one heavy gun, protected by the angle of the north-east bastion, remained serviceable on that face. The harvest of wounded and dead was increased, and at noon I had not 1200 men to defend the long line of works. The enemy were now preparing to assault; we saw their skirmish-line on the left digging rifle-pits close to our torpedo lines and their columns along the river-shore massing for the attack, while their sharp-shooters were firing upon every head that showed itself upon our front. Despite the imminent danger to the gunners I ordered the two Napoleons at the central sally-port and the Napoleon on the left to fire grape and canister upon the advancing skirm
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., The Navy at Fort Fisher. (search)
mortifying, after charging for a mile, General Terry writes to the editors that he thinks that the head of the column of sailors was within 600 or 800 yards of the work before they began to charge. Editors. under a most galling fire, to the very foot of the fort, to have the whole force retreat down the beach. It has been the custom, unjustly in my opinion, to lay the blame on the marines for not keeping down the fire till the sailors could get in. But there were but 400 of them against 1200 of the garrison: the former in the open plain, and with no cover; the latter under the shelter of their ramparts. Colonel Lamb, writing to the editors on the subject of the numbers defending the north-east salient, says: Five hundred effective men will cover all engaged in repulsing the naval column, and the destructive fire was front the three hundred, who, from the top of the ramparts and traverses, fired upon the assailants. The gallant navy need not exaggerate the number opposing
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 18: Lee's invasion of Maryland, and his retreat toward Richmond. (search)
a like terrible tempest of bullet, ball, and shell. His brigades fought most gallantly, especially that of Meagher, composed of regiments of Irishmen, The Sixty-third, Sixty-ninth, and Eighty-eighth New York, the Twenty-eighth Massachusetts, and One Hundred and Sixteenth Pennsylvania. which dashed itself time after time against the force at the stone wall, but without success, until the ground was strewn with two-thirds of its number. In his official report General Meagher said: Of the 1200 I led into action, only 280 appeared on parade the next morning! After a struggle of only about fifteen minutes, Hancock was driven back with great Thomas Francis Meagher. slaughter. Of five thousand six hundred veterans, led by able and tried commanders, whom he took into action, two thousand and thirteen had fallen! Yet the struggle was maintained. Howard's division came to the aid of French and Hancock, and those of Sturgis and Getty, of the Ninth corps, made several attacks in sup
illery carried, from first to last, over 5000 names on its rolls. In fact, it comprised two regiments-one in the Ninth, and one in the Eighteenth Corps. In the spring of 1864, the regiment, 1800 strong, joined the Second Division of the Eighteenth Corps, at Cold Harbor. The surplus men had been previously formed into a provisional regiment with the same designation, and assigned to the Ninth Corps. The most of the losses occurred in this provisional command. A cavalry regiment numbered 1200 men, nominally, and was divided into twelve companies of one hundred each. They did not suffer such severe losses in particular engagements as did the infantry, but their losses were divided among a great many more battles. The cavalry went into action very much oftener than infantry. Although mounted and armed with sabres, much of their fighting was done dismounted, and with carbines. The mounted regiments which lost the most men, killed or fatally wounded in action, were the following:
Colonel Theodore Lyman, With Grant and Meade from the Wilderness to Appomattox (ed. George R. Agassiz), chapter 7 (search)
tomac Army alone, you would think that a strong opposition from the enemy had as much as anything to do with the want of crowning success thus far. To show what sort of work we have been through: at the assault of June 3d, at Cool Arbor, we lost, in four or five hours, 6000 men, in killed and wounded only. That is a specimen. Even in our move to the left, the other day, which some would call a reconnaissance, and others heavy skirmishing, we had a list of killed and wounded of not less than 1200. In fact, we cannot stir without losing more men than would make a big battle in the West, and the Rebels, if we have any chance at them, lose as many. Last Sunday, which I was just speaking of, was marked by the arrival of one Alden, a rather dull Captain of the Adjutant-General's Department, who was however a welcome bird to the army, as he brought a large number of brevets for many deserving officers. . . . To my surprise there did appear, or reappear, Major Duane, who has taken to vis
s in wounded 18,742. As nearly as can be determined at this time, the number of prisoners taken by our troops in the two battles will, at the lowest estimate, amount to 5000. The full returns will no doubt show a larger number. Of these about 1200 are wounded. This gives the rebel loss in killed, wounded, and prisoners, 25,542. It will be observed that this does not include their stragglers, the number of whom is said by citizens here to be large. It may be safely concluded, therefore,our wounded officers are Col. Eddy, Forty-eighth Indiana, Col. Chambers, Sixteenth Iowa, and Col. Boomer, Twenty-sixth Missouri. The loss of the enemy, according to the most carefully collected accounts, will number over one thousand two hundred (1200) in killed and wounded, while we have taken one thousand prisoners. Among the rebels killed were Gen. Little and Acting General Berry, beside many field-officers. Gen. Whitfield was mortally wounded in the early part of the engagement, but was re
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