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Plato, Republic 7 7 Browse Search
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 2 2 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 2 2 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Col. O. M. Roberts, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 12.1, Alabama (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 1 1 Browse Search
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Plato, Republic, Book 4, section 423a (search)
ltiplicity by offering to the one faction the property, the power, the very persons of the other, you will continue always to have few enemies and many allies. And so long as your city is governed soberly in the order just laid down, it will be the greatest of cities. I do not mean greatest in repute, but in reality, even though it have only a thousandAristotle, Politics 1261 b 38, takes this as the actual number of the military class. Sparta, according to Xenephon, Rep. Lac. 1. 1, was TW=N O)LIGANQRWPOTA/TWN PO/LEWN, yet one of the strongest. Cf. also Aristotle Politics 1270 a 14 f. In the LawsPlato proposes the number 5040 which Aristotle thinks too large, Politics
Plato, Republic, Book 4, section 423b (search)
rather “and” than “even.” “So large a city that is really one you will not easily find, but the semblance (of one big city) you will find in cities many and many times the size of this.” Cf. also 462 A-B, and my paper “Plato's Laws and the Unity of Plato's Thought,”Class. Phil. 1914, p. 358. For Aristotle's comment Cf. Politics 1261 a 15. you will not easily discover either among Greeks or barbarians—but of those that seem so you will find many and many times the size of this. Or do you think otherwise?” “No, indeed I don't,” said he.“Would not this, then, be the best rule and measure for our governors of the proper size of the city and of the territory tha
Plato, Republic, Book 4, section 423d (search)
pt with regard to the guardians was significant of the universal principle, “one man, one task.” Cf. 443 C, 370 B-C (note), 394 E, 374 A-D, Laws 846 D-847 B. that the other citizens too must be sent to the task for which their natures were fitted, one man to one work, in order that each of them fulfilling his own function may be not many men, but one, and so the entire city may come to be not a multiplicity but a unity.It is a natural growth, not an artificial contrivance. For Aristotle's criticism Cf. Politics 1261 A.” “Why yes,” he said, “this is even more trifling than that.” “These are not, my good Adeimantus, as one might suppose, numerous and difficult i
Plato, Republic, Book 5, section 458c (search)
he other, to give them, in some things obeying our laws, and imitatingThat is to say, they are to imitate or conform to our principles in the details which we leave to them. So in the Laws, 770 B, 846 C, 876 E, and the secondary divinities in the Timaeus, 69 C. Cf. Politicus 301 A, and Aristotle Politics 1261 b 2MIMEI=TAI. them in others which we leave to their discretion.” “Presumably.” “You, then, the lawgiver,” I said, “have picked these men and similarly will select to give over to them women as nearly as possible of the same nature.Cf. 456 B. Plato has already explained that he means “of like nature in respect to capacity for government
Plato, Republic, Book 5, section 462c (search)
when the citizens do not utter in unison such words as ‘mine’ and ‘not mine,’ and similarly with regard to the word ‘alien’?”Cf. 423 B, Aristotle Politics 1261 b 16 ff., “Plato's Laws and the Unity of Plato's Thought,”Class. Phil. ix. (1914) p. 358, Laws 664 A, 739 C-E, Julian (Teubner) ii. 459, Teichmüller, 'beuvons,' tous beuvoient” etc. Aristotle's criticism, though using some of Plato's phrases, does not mention his name at this point but speaks of TI/NES, Politics 1261 b 7.“Precisely so.” “That city, then, is best ordered in which the greatest number use the expression ‘mine’ and ‘not mine’ of the same things in t
Plato, Republic, Book 6, section 497c (search)
it finds the best polity as it itself is the best, then will it be apparentFor the idiom cf.AU)TO\ DEI/CEIPhileb. 20 C, with Stallbaum's note, Theaet. 200 E, Hipp. Maj. 288 B, Aristoph.Wasps 994, Frogs 1261, etc., Pearson on Soph. fr. 388. Cf.AU)TO\ SHMANEI=, Eurip.Bacch. 476, etc. that this was in truth divine and all the others human in their natures and practices. Obviously then you are next, going to ask what is this best form of government.” “Wrong,” he saidPlato similarly plays in dramatic fashion with the order of the dialogue in 523 B, 528 A, 451 B-C, 458 B. “I was going to ask not that but whether it is this one that we have described in our establishment
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK VII., CHAPTER VI. (search)
of the opposite side, which afforded such great resources of wealth, and chose the barren coast. We have continued our description to Byzantium, because this celebrated city,The ancient Byzantium, there are grounds for believing, was marked by the present walls of the Seraglio. The enlarged city was founded by the emperor Constantine, A. D. 328, who gave it his name, and made it the rival of Rome itself. It was taken from the Greeks in 1204, by the Venetians under Dandolo; retaken by the Greeks in 1261 under the emperor Michael Palæologus, and conquered by the Turks in 1453. The crescent found on some of the ancient Byzantine coins was adopted as a symbol by the Turks. by its proximity to the mouth of the Euxine Sea, forms a better-known and more remarkable termination of an account of the coast from the Danube than any other. Above Byzantium is the nation of the Asti, in whose territory is the city Calybe, which Philip the son of Amyntas made a settlement for criminals.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Joannes Iv. La'scaris (*)Iwa/nnhs o( *Da/skaris), emperor of Nicaea (A. D. 1259-1261), was the son of the second emperor of Nicaea, Theodore II., Lascaris, whom he succeeded in 1259, at nine years of age. He first reigned under the guardianship of the patriarch Arsenius and the Magnus Domesticus Muzalon. The latter was slain, with his adherent, in a revolt of the guards, kindled by Michael Palaeologus, who was proclaimed emperor; and after having taken Constantinople from the Latins, in 1261, he deprived the youthful emperor of his eyes, and sent him into exile, where he died in obscurity. [MICHAEL VIII.] [W.
MANUEL 8. HOLOBOLUS (*(Olo/bwlos), a Byzantine writer of the latter part of the thirteenth century. When the ambitious Michael Palaeologus [MICHAEL VIII.] deprived his youthful colleague Joannes Lascaris [JOANNES IV.] of his eyes and his share in the empire, and sent him into banishment about A. D. 1261 or 1262, Holobolus, then a lad pursuing his studies, was cruelly mutilated by order of Michael, his nose and lips being cut off, because he had expressed grief at the treatment of the young emperor. The mutilated lad was confined to the monastery of the Precursor (tou= prodro/mou), where having excellent abilities and good opportunity, he pursued his studies with such success, that the patriarch Germanus III. of Constantinople [GERMANUS, No. 8], shortly after his accession to the patriarchate, A. D. 1267, procured him to be appointed master of the school for the instruction of young ecclesiastics, and prevailed upon the emperor to remit his punishment, and allow him to quit the monas
telling just so much as everybody knew already. In 1098, the fleet of Alexis Comnenus used Greekfire against the Pisans. His ships had siphos fore and aft, in form of syringes, which squirted the inflamed matters. It is believed that the ancient Byzantium was marked by the present walls of the Seraglio. Con- stantine enlarged it A. D. 328, gave it its name, and made it the rival of Rome. It was taken from the Greeks, in 1204, by the Venetians under Dandolo; retaken by the Greeks, in 1261, under the Emperor Michael Palaeologus; captured by the Turks in 1453. An old recipe for Greek-fire is thus given: — Aspaltum, nepta, dragantum, pix quoque Graeca, Sulphur, vernicis, de perolio quoque vitro. Mercurii, sal gemmae Graeci dicitur ignis. Another reads as follows: Take of pulverized resin, sulphur, and pitch equal parts; one fourth of oppopanax and of pigeons' dung well dried, dissolved in turpentine water or oil of sulphur; these put into a strong, close, glass vessel a
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