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Plato, Republic 3 3 Browse Search
James Russell Lowell, Among my books 3 3 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 2 2 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 1 1 Browse Search
Alfred Roman, The military operations of General Beauregard in the war between the states, 1861 to 1865 1 1 Browse Search
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Plato, Republic, Book 4, section 423a (search)
very persons of the other, you will continue always to have few enemies and many allies. And so long as your city is governed soberly in the order just laid down, it will be the greatest of cities. I do not mean greatest in repute, but in reality, even though it have only a thousandAristotle, Politics 1261 b 38, takes this as the actual number of the military class. Sparta, according to Xenephon, Rep. Lac. 1. 1, was TW=N O)LIGANQRWPOTA/TWN PO/LEWN, yet one of the strongest. Cf. also Aristotle Politics 1270 a 14 f. In the LawsPlato proposes the number 5040 which Aristotle thinks too large, Politics 1265 a 15. defenders. For a city of this size
Plato, Republic, Book 5, section 450d (search)
For which reason one as it were, shrinks from touching on the matter lest the theory be regarded as nothing but a ‘wish-thought,’Cf. Introduction xxxi-xxxii, 456 C, 499 C, 540 D, Laws 736 D, Aristotle Politics 1260 b 29, 1265 a 17DEI= ME\N OU)=N U(POTI/QESQAI KAT' EU)XHN, MHDE\N ME/NTOI A)DU/NATON. my dear friend.” “Do not shrink,” he said, “for your hearers will not be inconsiderateA)GNW/MONES=inconsiderate, unreasonable, as Andocides ii. 6 shows. nor distrustful nor hostile.” And I said, “My good fellow, is that remark intended to encourage me?” “It is,” he said. “Well, then,” said I, “it has just the contrary effect. For, if I w
Plato, Republic, Book 8, section 544c (search)
“There will be no difficulty about that,” said I. “For those I mean are precisely those that have namesCf. What Plato Said, p. 596, on Sophist 267 D. in common usage: that which the many praised,Cf. Crito 52 E, Norlin on Isoc.Nicocles 24 (Loeb), Laws 612 D-E, Aristot.Pol. 1265 b 32, Xen.Mem. iii. 5. 15. yourH( . . . AU)/TH, “ista.” Cf. Midsummer Night's Dream,I. ii.ad fin. and Gorg. 502 B, 452 E. Cretan and Spartan constitution; and the second in place and in honor, that which is called oligarchy, a constitution teeming with many ills, and its sequent counterpart and opponent, democracy ; and then the nobleOf cour
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Federal Union, the John Fiske (search)
has not been determined at what precise time this step was taken, but it no doubt long antedates the Norman conquest. It is mentioned by Professor Stubbs as being already, in the reign of Henry III., a custom of immemorial antiquity. Stubbs, Select charters, 401. It was one of the greatest steps ever taken in the political history of mankind. In these four discreet men we have the forerunners of the two burghers from each town who were summoned by Earl Simon to the famous Parliament of 1265, as well as of the two knights from each shire whom the King had summoned eleven years before. In these four discreet men sent to speak for their township in the old county assembly, we have the germ of institutions that have ripened into the House of Commons and into the legislatures of mod ern kingdoms and republics. In the system of representation thus inaugurated lay the future possibility of such gigantic political aggregates as the United States of America. In the ancient city, on
McDowell's army. the verdict of history.> After the check received at Bull Run, on July 18th, the Federal army remained inactive throughout the 19th and 20th, except in efforts to reconnoitre and determine the Confederate position and the best point for penetrating or turning it. This prolonged delay, though somewhat unaccountable, under the circumstances, was, certainly, of great advantage to General Beauregard. It allowed General Holmes to reach the theatre of operations in time, with 1265 infantry, 6 pieces of light artillery, and a company of cavalry of 90 men. General Johnston also arrived, about noon on the 20th, with Jackson's brigade, This brigade reached Manassas Junction the evening previous. So did, at a later hour, the 7th and 8th Georgia regiments. 2611 strong, a portion of Bee's and Bartow's brigades numbering 2732 bayonets, 300 of Stuart's cavalry, and Imboden's and Pendleton's batteries; to which were added Barksdale's 13th Mississippi regiment, which came up
vement of the train. c. Besides these are devices not chronometric, as the hygrometric pendulum, ballistic pendulum, etc. Previous to the application of the pendulum, a fly-wheel was used, the vanes meeting the resistance of the air, forming a limit to the speed, as in the musical boxes of the present day. Such was probably the regulator in the clocks of the Saracens, which were moved by weights as early as the eleventh century; the clock which struck the hours, referred to by Dante (1265-1321); the clock in the old Palace Yard, London, put up about 1288 and remaining till the time of Elizabeth; the clock made by William of Wallingford in the reign of Richard II. (1377-85). Ebn Junis, of the University of Cordova, invented the timemeasuring pendulum, and his friend and fellow-philosopher, Gerbert, invented the escapement, as it is believed. Gerbert became, successively, schoolmaster at Rheims (where he had a clock), Archbishop of Ravenna, and Pope Sylvester II. He died b
indows in the reign of Nero. Its use seems to have gradually become more general during the dark ages, principally, however, in ecclesiastical edifices. Painter's window-jack. Glass windows were placed in the monastery of Weremouth, A. D. 647. St. Jerome, who wrote early in the fifth century, and Gregory of Tours, who wrote in the sixth century, mention glass windows. The use, however, was not general in the twelfth century. Henry III. had glass windows in his palace of Woodstock, 1265, and at Westminster. Chaucer mentions them. Scattering mention is made of them in succeeding ages, and they became common in farm-houses about 1600. The Venetians led the way among European nations, and attained great excellence, both in quality and taste of design; their ware was regarded with admiration, and has been preserved in England among other articles of vertu. A factory was established in England in 1557, and improved in 1635, about which time pit coal was substituted for wo
James Russell Lowell, Among my books, Dante. (search)
t company where he with proud humility took the sixth place. Inferno, IV. 102. Dante (Durante, by contraction Dante) degli Alighieri was born at Florence in 1265, probably during the month of May. The Nouvelle Biographie Generale gives May 8 as his birthday. This is a mere assumption, for Boccaccio only says generally Mfirst note of his Commentary (Bocc. Comento, etc., Firenze, 1844, Vol. I. pp. 32, 33). Leonardo Aretino and Manetti add their testimony to that of Boccaccio, and 1265 is now universally assumed as the true date. Voltaire, Dict. Phil., art. Dante. nevertheless, places the poet's birth in 1260, and jauntily forgives Bayle (who In order to fix more precisely in the mind the place of Dante in relation to the history of thought, literature, and events, we subjoin a few dates: Dante born, 1265; end of Crusades, death of St. Louis, 1270; Aquinas died, 1274; Bonaventura died, 1274; Giotto born, 1276; Albertus Magnus died, 1280; Sicilian vespers, 1282; deat