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Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 25 25 Browse Search
J. B. Jones, A Rebel War Clerk's Diary 23 23 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 18 18 Browse Search
Richard Hakluyt, The Principal Navigations, Voyages, Traffiques, and Discoveries of the English Nation 17 17 Browse Search
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4. 16 16 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 11 11 Browse Search
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative 11 11 Browse Search
Alfred Roman, The military operations of General Beauregard in the war between the states, 1861 to 1865 10 10 Browse Search
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3. 9 9 Browse Search
Appian, The Civil Wars (ed. Horace White) 9 9 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight). You can also browse the collection for 1500 AD or search for 1500 AD in all documents.

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with a coat of mail (1 Samuel xvii). It is frequently spoken of by Homer. Demetrius, son of Antigonus, had a coat of mail made of Cyprian adamant (perhaps steel). Cyprus was famous for its armor. The ancient Scythians had armor composed of horse's hoofs curiously strong and jointed together. Hengist the Saxon had scale armor A. D. 449, and King John of England possessed a hauberk of rings set edgewise, 1200. The cavalry of Henry III. had coats of mail. Henry VII. had a steel cuirass, 1500. Since the introduction of fire-arms the use of armor has been gradually discontinued, and it is now confined to the heavy cavalry or cuirassiers of European armies. As worn at present, it generally consists of a helmet of brass strengthened with steel, and a cuirass composed of a front piece, or breast-plate, and a back piece strongly laced or buckled together. The success of the French cuirassiers in the famous cavalry combat at Eckmuhl, 1809, was in a large degree owing to their wearing
s an instrument for the same purpose, but of different construction. See optigraph. Came-ra-ob-scura. The invention of this instrument has been credited to Roger Bacon, 1297, and to Alberti, 1437. It was described by Leonardo da Vinci, in 1500, as an imitation of the mechanical structure of the eye. The theory of optical sensation was laid down by Alhazen the Saracen, A. D. 1100. See binocular glasses. Baptista Porta, in 1589, mentions it in his book on Natural magic. Sir Isaac Neock, which had no regulating spring, was the type of the astronomical clocks used by Tycho Brahe (1582), and by many less illustrous but worthy and useful observers, at and about the same date. Clocks were in possession of private persons about 1500, and about the same time watches were introduced. Shakespeare refers to a watch in the play of Twelfth Night, where Malvolio says: — I frown the while, and perchance wind up my watch, or play with some rich Jewel. Mr. Pierce showed me the Qu
g the Chinese. Specimens of enameled work are yet extant of early British, Saxon, and Norman manufacture. An enameled jewel, made by order of Alfred the Great, A. D. 887, was discovered in Somersetshire, England, and is preserved at Oxford. An enameled gold cup was presented by King John to the corporation of Lynn, Norfolk, and is yet preserved. Luca della Robbia, born about 1410, applied tin enamel to pottery, and excelled in the art. Bernard Palissy, the Huguenot potter, born about 1500, devoted many years to the discovery and application of enamels of various colors to pottery. He was remarkably successful in true copies of natural objects. His method died with him. He died in 1589, in prison, for consciencea sake. John Petitot, of Geneva (1607 – 91), is regarded as one of the first to excel in portraits. He worked for Charles I. of England, and subsequently for Louis XIV. of France. The revocation of the Edict of Nantes drove him from France to the city of his birt
in the fourteenth century, and the importation of iron in the fifteenth century. The direct method of obtaining wrought-iron from the ore prevailed until the commencement of the fifteenth century, but then gradually gave way to a less direct process, but one more convenient when handling large quantities. Blast-furnaces, operating by the aid of strong blast, to melt the iron and obtain cast-iron, which is carbureted in the process, were in use in the neighborhood of the Rhine about A. D. 1500. A second process in a forge-hearth was used to eliminate the carbon and other impurities, and the result is wrought-iron. The puddling-furnace was invented more than 250 years afterward. In the sixteenth century (1590), we find a notice of a mill for slitting iron into bars for smiths' use by Godfrey Bochs. The change from the use of wood coal to that of mineral coal was only accomplished in England after a great many futile attempts. In the reign of Elizabeth, blast-furnaces were
the needles to complete the stitch. See knitting-machine. Knit′ting-gage. The number of loops contained in three inches of breadth. Knit′ting-ma-chine′. The art of knitting is modern; it cannot be traced back farther than about A. D. 1500, and is believed to have originated in Scotland shortly previous to that date. It consists in the construction of a looped fabric in which for the first row a succession of loops are cast on or preferably knitted on to a needle, and in succeedingrm another shed for a second weft thread, and so on. See loom; also, for list of parts and appliances, see weaving. Knitting consists in making a fabric by enchaining a single thread. It is thought to have originated in Scotland about A. D. 1500. It was in use for superior articles of house in England and France in the first half of the sixteenth century. Knitted silk stockings were worn by Henry II, of France, 1547, and by Queen Elizabeth in 1560. About this time knitted worsted stock<
with trophies from Cacutta; the Portuguese have turned the Venetian position, and the trade is their own. The western essays have yet been fruitless, for no India has been reached, and the fourth voyage of Columbus, in 1502, in which he reaches Central America, is yet barren to him, for no strait is found. Columbus died in 1506, supposing that he had discovered India, though surprised at not being able to make connection with the eastern voyagers and the land of Marco Polo's adventures. In 1500 he asserted that, if any one does not give him credit for having discovered the remaining parts of India, it must be from personal hostility. In 1502 he writes to Pope Alexander, I discovered 1,400 islands and 333 leagues of the coast of Asia. Above is a representation of the western hemisphere of John Schoner's globe of 1520, fourteen years after the death of Columbus, and, no doubt, published in good faith. In it the terra-borealis forms the only trace of the North American continent,
h such skill as the artist had at command, and varied according to the talent and taste of the limner; but they afterward became conventional, variations were suppressed, and the portraits of the objects became simmered down to mere symbols. In Fig. 3611, a is a view of a glass bead found by Captain Henvey, R. N., at Thebes. The drawing shows it about two thirds the real size; the inscription is developed on the right, and contains the name in hieroglyphics of a monarch who reigned about 1500 B. c. b, Fig. 3611, is a remnant of the ages in the shape of a song. It was discovered by Champollion in a tomb at Eilethyas, and is interpreted by him as follows. It reads from right to left, and at the end of the first and third lines occurs the dacapo sign, to repeat the line: — Thrash for yourselves Thrash for yourselves O, oxen! Thrash for yourselves Thrash for yourselves Measure for yourselves Measure for your masters. The most enduring of all records is the third in Job's r
s Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, p. 783 et seq. A. D. 1500. The Great Harry, constructed by Henry VII., was the first ship of d in the process, were in use in the neighborhood of the Rhine about 1500. A second process in a forge hearth was used to eliminate the carbolife-buoys in every part of the ship. She is fitted to accommodate 1,500 individuals, including her crew. Of that number there is ample acco, and others will indicate. Leonardo da Vinci's steam-gun (A. D. 1500) is noticed under that head. See steam-gun. Brancas (A. D. 1629a shotted tube. In a manuscript of Leonardo da Vinci, about A. D. 1500, occurs the following:— The architonnere is a machine made of finings; lyres, 5, 7, 10, and 18. See musical instruments, pages 1499, 1500; list of musical instruments, page 1501; classification of instruments, pages 1500, 1501; table of compass of instruments, page 1498; harp; piano; violin; etc. String′er. 1. (Carpentry.) A horizontal ti
om a lower-mast head, and used in getting in or off heavy freight, stores, or armament. Wind-in′stru-ment. A musical instrument in which wind is blown through a tube; in contradistinction to stringed and percussion (see list of each on pages 1500, 1501). Wind-instruments are also divided into with reeds and without reeds; into metal and wood, with keys or without keys. The organ is almost all embracing, except that it has a key for each note. (See organ.) See also melodeon, accordeo The art of coloring glass was well understood in ancient Egypt, as we observed in reference to the imitation of glass. Stained glass was originally a mosaic, made up of different pieces, arranged, according to color, to form a design. About 1500, a French artist at Marseilles incorporated colors with the glass, which were baked in. Albert Durer practiced the art. Window-glass. Thickness and Weight per Square Foot. No.Thickness.WeightNo.Thickness.Weight. Inch.Oz.Inch.Oz. 12.059122