tured the treasure-ship sent by Cortez to Charles V. with the spoils of Mexico, valued at $1,500,000. Verrazzano, according to a letter from the navigator to Francis I.,
dated July 8, 1524, and published in the collection of voyages by Ramusio in 1556, sailed from France late
Giovanni da Verrazzano. in 1523 in the ship Dauphine, under a commission from the King, and touched America first, at the mouth of the Cape Fear River, in March, 1524.
In that letter he gives an account of his explorati is the earliest description known to exist of the shores of the United States.
There are two copies of Verrazzano's letter, both of them, however, Italian translations, the original letter not being in existence.
One was printed by Ramusio in 1556, and this was translated into English by Hakluyt for his Divers voyages, which appeared in 1582.
The other was found many years later in the Strozzi Library at Florence, and was first published in 1841 by the New York Historical Society, with a t
ccording to some authors, from Peter de Waldo, of Lyons (1170). They were known, however, as early as 1100, their confession of faith published 1120.
Their doctrine condemned by the council of Lateran, 1179.
They had a translation of the Bible, and allied themselves to the Albigenses, whose persecution led to the establishment of the holy office or inquisition.
The Waldenses settled in the valleys of Piedmont about 1375, but were frequently dreadfully persecuted, notably 1545-46, 1560, 1655-56, when Oliver Cromwell, by threats, obtained some degree of toleration for them; again in 1663-64 and 1686.
They were permitted to have a church at Turin, December, 1853.
In March, 1868, it was stated that there were in Italy twenty-eight ordained Waldensian ministers and thirty other teachers.
Early in 1893 a delegation was sent to the United States to investigate the advantages of forming a settlement in some favorable locality.
It resulted in their purchasing several thousand acres of la