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Capt. Smith, in his voyage here (1614), calls the territory about us the paradise of all those parts. Rev. Mr. Higginson, writing to his friends in England, in 1629, on New England's plantation, gives the following description of the soil, climate, and productions:-- I have been, careful to report nothing but what I have sehere. The fullest credit may be given to these statements of Mr. Higginson. They show, among other things, that the region we now occupy was a dense forest in 1629. This confirms the story told of Gov. Winthrop; that when he took up his residence on his farm at Ten Hills, on the bank of Mystic River, he one day penetrated th for our patriotism and taste. Plant a hogshead of acorns in yonder rockland, and your money will return you generous dividends from nature's savings' bank. In 1629, Mr. Graves, of Charlestown, said in a letter sent to England: Thus much I can affirm in general, that I never came in a more goodly country in all my life. If it
aces adjoining; from whom, the same year, receiving hopeful news, the next year, 1629, we sent divers ships over, with about three hundred people, and some cows, goat the spring of 1634. Clay was known to abound; and bricks were made in Salem in 1629. Mr. Cradock made such an outlay in money as showed that he intended to carry on not free from sickness; their disease the plague. Rev. Francis Higginson, in 1629, speaking of the Sagamores, says: Their subjects, above twelve years since, were So destructive had been the plague (or yellow fever) that Mr. Higginson says, 1629: The greatest Sagamores about us cannot make above three hundred men (warriors),fairly obtained by honest purchase of the Indian proprietors. Governor Cradock (1629) says: If any of the savages pretend right of inheritance to all or any part of second only, in importance, to the coming of the Mayflower. The company say, in 1629: The propagation of the gospel is the thing we do profess above all to be our ai
ises. In this manner, forty-four towns were constituted and established within the Plymouth and Massachusetts Colonies before the year 1655, without any more formal act of incorporation. Among the oldest are the following: Plymouth, 1620; Salem, 1629 ; Charlestown, 1629; Boston, 1630; Medford or Mystic, 1630; Watertown, 1630; Roxbury, 1630; Dorchester, 1630 ; Cambridge or Newton, 1633; Ipswich, 1634; Concord, 1635; Hingham, 1635; Newbury, 1635; Scituate, 1636; Springfield, 1636; Duxbury, 1637;1629; Boston, 1630; Medford or Mystic, 1630; Watertown, 1630; Roxbury, 1630; Dorchester, 1630 ; Cambridge or Newton, 1633; Ipswich, 1634; Concord, 1635; Hingham, 1635; Newbury, 1635; Scituate, 1636; Springfield, 1636; Duxbury, 1637; Lynn, 1637; Barnstable, 1639; Taunton, 1639; Woburn, 1642; Malden, 1649. London, May 22, 1629: On this day the orders for establishing a government and officers in Massachusetts Bay passed, and said orders were sent to New England(. Although, in the first settlement of New England, different sections of country were owned and controlled by Companies in England, yet the people here claimed and exercised a corporate power in the elections of their rulers and magistrates. This was the case
Chapter 4: Political history. Medford takes a rich share in the political honors of the country. At an early date, it expressed its determination to preserve inviolate the rights and privileges secured to the colony by the charter of 1629. When the four colonies of Plymouth, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and New Haven united, May 19, 1643, under the name of The United Colonies of New England, their politics and patriotism seem to expand together. This fraternal bond was especially strengthened in our ancestors' hearts, when, by the charter of Oct. 7, 1691, Plymouth was annexed to Massachusetts. May 10, 1643: The General Court say that the whole plantation, within this jurisdiction, is divided into four shires; to wit, Essex, Norfolk, Middlesex, and Suffolk. Each had eight towns, except Norfolk, which had six. June 4, 1689: Ensign Peter Tufts was chosen by the town as Representative, according to the Honorable Council's signification. May 21, 1690: Peter Tufts was ch
LaphamJ. S. Coolidge & Co.Boston1300 511 ShipEmmaJ. T. Foster'sJ. T. FosterJ. WellsmanCharleston, S. C.875 512 ShipAsterionJ. T. Foster'sJ. T. FosterDavid SnowBoston1170 513 Ship J. T. Foster'sJ. T. Foster(Not sold) 1300 Correct Grand Total, at $5 per ton: 232,206 tons, $10,449,270. Fisheries. To Medford belongs the honor of establishing the first fisheries in London's plantation of Massachusetts Bay. Careful and costly preparations for this business were made in England, in 1629, by Mr. Cradock, who believed it the most promising investment then offered from the New World. In the company's first general letter, under date of April 17, 1629, is indicated a course of trade which was to be pursued by the Medford fishermen. It is thus:-- We have sent five weigh of salt in the Whelpe, and ten weigh in the Talbot. If there be scallops to be had to fish withal, and the season of the year fit, pray let the fishermen (of which we send six from Dorchester), together with
823.  1Richardson, John, and Abigail, his wife, had--  1-2Joshua, b. Sept. 22, 1714.  3Abigail, b. July 23, 1716.  4Susanna, b. May 2, 1718.  5John, b. May 29, 1721.  6James, b. June 15, 1725.  7Joseph, b. Aug. 16, 1729.  8William Richardson had, by wife Rebecca,--  8-9Mary, b. Apr. 17, 1717.  (I am indebted for the following account to the kindness of Hon. James Savage.)  1Royall, William, of Casco, 1636, had been sent by the governor and company to Captain Endicott, at Salem, 1629, as a cleaver of timber. Part of the town of Salem was early called Ryall's side. He purchased of Gorges, 1643, on east side of Royall's River, in North Yarmouth, and lived near its mouth. He m. Phebe Green, step-dau. of Samuel Cole, of Boston. Children:--  1-2William, b. 1640.  3John.  4Samuel. 1-2William Royall was driven by the Indians from North Yarmouth, and remained at Dorchester some years. Freeman 1678; d. Nov. 7, 1724. Children:--  2-5Isaac, b. 1672.  6----, a d
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 9. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 7.48 (search)
g's order was most pompously interred in Westminster Abby. His second son, XI.--Sir Robert Spottiswoode, was Lord President of the College of Justice, and Secretary of Scot land in the time of Charles I, and the author of The Practicks of the laws of Scotland. I have already given Clarendon's estimate of this learned man. Douglas speaks of him as a man of extraordinary parts, learning and merit. Sir Robert was born 1596, and executed for adhering to the royal cause, January 17, 1646. In 1629 he married Bethia, eldest daughter of Sir Alexander Morrison, of Preston Grange, one of the Senators of the College of Justice. The mother of Lady Bethia Spottiswoode, Eleanor Maule, was, through her ancestors, the Maules, Lords Panmure and the Lindsays, Lords Crawford, twelfth in descent from King Robert the Bruce. The third son of Sir Robert Spottiswoode was XII.--Robert Spottiswoode, who, having studied medicine was appointed physician to the Governor and garrison at Tangiers. He wen
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Newport's News. Nomen non Locus. (search)
icious in times of danger, but a very great and important person in his own talk and conceit. Sir William Keith in his History of the British Plantations in America, speaks, at p. 81, Part I [London Edit., 1738], of Newport as one whose head was full of projects; and at p. 82 he says, the vanity of Captain Newport's conduct at this time was so ridiculous that, &c. Smith, when President of the Colony, made a Report to the Company in London, which can be found in his Generall history [Edit. 1629]. In this Report he says, among other things, I have not concealed from you anything I doe know, but I fear some [persons] cause you to believe more than is true. * * * * Captaine Newport we much suspect to be the author of these inventions. * * * * The souldiers say many of your officers maintain their families out of what you sent us, and that Newport hath a hundred pounds a yeare for carrying newes. By whom and why was given to the promontory the name which it has borne for more than tw
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Baltimore, Lords. (search)
and honors of a count-palatine. He called his new domain Avalon, and, after spending about $100,000 in building warehouses there, and a mansion for himself, he went thither in 1627. He returned to England the following spring. In the spring of 1629 he went again to Avalon, taking with him his wife and unmarried children. The following winter was a severe one, and he began to contemplate a desertion of the domain on account of the rigorous climate. He sent his children home. In the autumn d, he was regarded with great respect by all parties, even by the Indians. He died in London, Nov. 30. 1675. Iii. Charles Calvert, third Lord Baltimore, Succeeded his father as lord proprietor of Maryland in 1675. He was born in London in 1629; appointed governor of Maryland in 1661; and married the daughter of Hon. Henry Sewall, whose seat was on the Patuxent river. After the death of his father he visited England, but soon returned. In 1684 he again went to England, and never came b
cede the lands granted to them, when demanded by settlers, on fixed conditions. They were not absolute proprietors of the soil, but had certain valuable privileges, coupled with prescribed duties, such as building mills, etc. David Kertk, or Kirk, a Huguenot refugee, received a royal commission from King Charles I. to seize the French forts in Acadia (q. v.), and on the river St. Lawrence. With a dozen ships he overcame the small French force at Port Royal, and took possession of Acadia in 1629. Later in the summer he entered the St. Lawrence, burned the hamlet of Tadousac, at the mouth of the Saguenay, and sent a summons for the surrender of Quebec. It was refused, and Kirk resolved to starve out the garrison. He cruised in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and captured the transports conveying winter provisions for Quebec. The sufferings there were intense, but they endured them until August the next year, when, English ships-of-war, under a brother of Admiral Kirk, appearing before Q
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