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the north of the remotest waters of the Merrimack, and to claim all the territory of Maine which lies south of that parallel; for the grant to Massachusetts was prior to the patents under which Rigby and the heirs of Gorges had been disputing. Nor did the engrasping Massachusetts make an idle boast of the territorial extent of its chartered rights. Commissioners were promptly despatched to the eastward to settle the government. The firm remonstrances of Edward Godfrey, then Chap. X.} 1652-3 governor of the province, a loyal friend to the English monarchy and the English church, were disregarded; and one town after another, yielding in part to menaces and armed force, gave in its adhesion. Great care was observed to guard the rights of property; every man was confirmed in his possessions; the religious liberty of the Episcopalians was left unharmed; the privileges of citizenship were extended to all inhabitants; and the whole eastern country gradually, yet reluctantly, submitted
ed a concert with the national affections, which he was never able to gain. He had just notions of public liberty, and he understood how much the English people are disposed to deify their representatives. Thrice did he attempt to connect his usurpation with the forms of representative government; and always without success. His first parliament, convened by special writ, and mainly composed of the members of the party by which he had been advanced, represented the movement in the English 1653 July 4. mind which had been the cause of the revolution. It indulged in pious ecstasies, laid claim to the special enjoyment of the presence of Jesus Christ, and spent whole days in exhortations and prayers. But the delirium of mysticism was not incompatible with clear notions of policy; and amidst the hyperboles of Oriental diction, they prepared to overthrow despotic power by using the power a despot had conceded. The objects of this assembly were all democratic: it labored to effect a m
r discovery; and the sons of Governor Yeardley Thurloe, II. 273, 274. Letter of Francis Yeardley to John Farrar. wrote to England with exultation, that the northern country of Carolina had been explored by Virginians born. We are not left to conjecture, who of the inhabit- Chap. XIII.} ants of Nansemund of that day first traversed the intervening forests and came upon the rivers that flow into Albemarle Sound. The company was led by Roger Green, and his services were rewarded by the 1653. July. grant of a thousand acres, while ten thousand acres were offered to any hundred persons who would plant on the banks of the Roanoke, or on the south side of the Chowan and its tributary streams. Hening, i. 380, 381. These conditional grants seem not to have taken effect; yet the enterprise of Virginia did not flag; and Thomas Dew, 1656. Dec. once the speaker of the assembly, formed a plan for exploring the navigable rivers still further to the south, between Cape Hatteras and Cape
r, said Mixam, one of their sachems, but no presents of goods, or of guns Chap. XV.} or of powder and shot, shall draw me into a conspiracy against my friends the English. The naval successes of the Dutch inspired milder counsels; and the news 1653. of peace in Europe soon quieted every apprehension. The provisionary compact left Connecticut in possession of a moiety of Long Island; the whole had often, but ineffectually, been claimed by Lord Stirling. Near the southern frontier of New Blege, and not a political enfranchisement. So afterwards, in 1657. Albany Records, XV. 54—56. It was not much more than a license to trade. Ibid. XXIV. 45. Compare XX. 247, 248. The system was at war with Puritan usages; the Chap XV.} 1653. Dutch in the colony readily caught the idea of relying on themselves; and the persevering restlessness of the people led to a general assembly of two deputies from Nov. to Dec. each village in New Netherland; an assembly which Stuyvesant was unw
s not of the Hudson only, hut of the rivers that flow to the gulfs of Mexico and St. Lawrence, the bays of Chesapeake and Delaware, opened widest regions to their canoes, and invited them to make their war-paths along the channels where New York and Pennsylvania are now perfecting the avenues of commerce. Becoming possessed of fire-arms by intercourse with the Dutch, they renewed their merciless, hereditary warfare with the Hurons; 1649. and, in the following years, the Eries, on the south 1653 to 1655 shore of the lake of which the name commemorates their existence, were defeated and extirpated. The Allegha- 1656 to 1672. ny was next descended, and the tribes near Pittsburg, probably of the Huron race, leaving no monument but a name to the Guyandot River of Western Virginia, were subjugated and destroyed. In the east and in the west, from the Kennebec to the Mississippi, the Abenakis as well as the Miamis and the remoter Illinois, could raise no barrier against the invasions of
of Silleri, 1651. and proudly passed by the walls of Quebec. The Ottawas were driven from their old abodes to the forests in the Bay of Saginaw. No frightful solitude in the wilderness, no impenetrable recess in the frozen north, was safe against the passions of the Five Nations. Their chiefs, animated not by cruelty only, but by pride, were resolved that no nook should escape their invasions; that no nation should rule but themselves; and, as their warriors strolled by Three Rivers and 1653. Quebec, they killed the governor of the one settlement, and carried off a priest from the other. At length, satisfied with the display of their power, they themselves desired rest. Besides, of the scattered Hurons, many had sought refuge among their oppressors, and, according to an Indian custom, had been incorporated with the tribes of the Five Nations. Of these, some retained affection for the French. When peace was concluded, and Father Le Moyne appeared 1654. as envoy among the On
Medford Historical Society Papers, Volume 24., The Indians of the Mystic valley and the litigation over their land. (search)
ed the [southern] as the little brook that runneth from Capt. Cook's mill to Mystic pond. Col. George Cooke had early built a mill a little above the present site of the old Fowle grain mill and was a man of repute. He returned to England on the breaking out of the Civil War, was made a colonel under Cromwell and was killed in Ireland in 1652. Administration of his estate in this country was granted to Henry Dunster, first president of Harvard, and Colonel Cooke's older brother Joseph in 1653. Some three hundred feet or so above the present dam just where a street [Water street] comes down to the west side of the pond [mill pond] are projections reaching out from each side of the pond towards a small island in the center [part of the old dam] and Judge Parmenter pointed this out as the remains of the original dam to Colonel Cooke's mill. The reservation extended back from the pond about five-eighths of a mile well up to the crest of the hill (or further) at the north end and n
, now in this miserable time of war. Imprimatur Calamy This Book of the Law shall not depart out of thy mouth, but thou shall meditate therein day and night, that thou mayst observe to do according to all that is written therein; for then thou shall make thy way prosperous, and then thou shalt have good success.--Josh. 1: 8. Printed at London, by G. B. and R. W., for G. C. 1643. Preface to this Edition. Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the English Commonwealth from 1653 to his death in 1655, began his military career in 1642. In 1643 appeared this little manual for his soldiers. Though not prepared by Cromwell, it was published with his approbation, and was in general use among his soldiers. Cromwell's success was due in no small degree to the strict morals and rigid discipline of his army, and to the inspiring power of religion. He declared: "Truly I think he that prays best fights best. I know nothing that will give like courage and confidence as the
place above-mentioned. We can well spare them; and who knows that it may be the means of making them Englishmen — I mean, rather, Christians. As for the girls, I suppose you will make provisions of clothes and other accommodations for them." Upon this, Thurloe informs Henry Cromwell that the Council have voted four thousand girls, and as many boys, to go to Jamaica." Every-Catholic priest found in Ireland was hanged, and five pounds paid to the informer. "About the year 1652, and 1653," says Colonel Lawrence in his Interests of Ireland, "the plague and famine had so swept away whole counties that a man might travel twenty or thirty miles and not see a living creature, either man, or beast, or bird,--they being all dead, or had quitted those desolated regions. Our soldiers would tell stories of the places where they saw smoke — it was so rare to see either smoke by day, or fire or candle by night." In this manner did the Irish live and die under Cromwell, suffering by the
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