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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 2 2 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 2, 17th edition. 2 2 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Charles ii. 1630- (search)
nature of Charles ii. throne, May 8, 1660. He was a very profligate monarch—indolent, amiable, and unscrupulous. He misgoverned England twenty-five years in an arbitrary manner, and disgraced the nation. He became a Roman Catholic, although professing to be a Protestant; and, when dying from a stroke of apoplexy, Feb. 6, 1685, he confessed to a Roman Catholic priest, and received extreme unction. The throne descended to his brother James, an avowed Roman Catholic. See James ii. In March, 1663, Charles ii. granted to several of his courtiers the vast domain of the Carolinas in America. They were men, most of them past middle life in years, and possessed of the easy virtues which distinguished the reign of that profligate monarch. They begged the domain under pretence of a pious zeal for the propagation of the Gospel among the heathen, while their real object was to rob the heathen of these valuable lands, and to accumulate riches and honors for themselves. It is said that w
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), North Carolina, State of (search)
some colonists from Jamestown seated themselves on the Nansemond, near the Dismal Swamp; and in 1622 Porey, secretary of the Virginia colony, penetrated the country with a few friends to the tide-waters of the Chowan. Early settlements. In 1630 Charles I. granted to Sir Robert Heath, his attorney-general, a patent for a domain south of Virginia, 6° of latitude in width, and extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. Heath did not meet his engagements, and the patent was vacated. In March, 1663, Charles II. granted to eight of his rapacious courtiers a charter for the domain granted to Heath. They had begged it from the King under the pretence of a pious zeal for the propagation of the Gospel among the heathen. These courtiers were the covetous and time-serving premier and historian, the Earl of Clarendon; George Monk, who, for his conspicuous and treacherous services in the restoration of the monarch to the throne of England, had been created Duke of Albemarle; Lord Craven,
ully examined the records, and find that the people of Chap. XI.} Rhode Island, on accepting their charter, affirmed the great principle of intellectual liberty in its widest scope. The first assembly This appears from the R. I. Records, March, 1663—4. did little more than 1664. Mar. organize the government anew, and repeal all laws inconsistent with the charter—a repeal which precludes the possibility of the disfranchising of Roman Catholics. In May, the regular session was held, and religious May 5. freedom was established in the very words of the charter. Records. If Roman Catholics were disfranchised (which they were not) in March, 1663—4, that disfranchisement endured only two months. Compare Eddy, in Walsh's Appeal, 429, &c.; and Bull, in the R. I. Republican for Jan. 15, 1834.—Chalmers, 276; Douglass, II. 83. 104; British Dom. in America, II. 252; Brit. Empire, II. 148; Holmes, ,&c. &c. &c. are all but forms of the one single authority in the printed laws of Rhod