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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 2 2 Browse Search
Lucius R. Paige, History of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1630-1877, with a genealogical register 2 2 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Charles ii. 1630- (search)
well for the throne, he fled to Paris; and finally he became a resident of Breda, in Belgium, whence he was called to England by a vote of Parliament, and restored to the Signature of Charles ii. throne, May 8, 1660. He was a very profligate monarch—indolent, amiable, and unscrupulous. He misgoverned England twenty-five years in an arbitrary manner, and disgraced the nation. He became a Roman Catholic, although professing to be a Protestant; and, when dying from a stroke of apoplexy, Feb. 6, 1685, he confessed to a Roman Catholic priest, and received extreme unction. The throne descended to his brother James, an avowed Roman Catholic. See James ii. In March, 1663, Charles ii. granted to several of his courtiers the vast domain of the Carolinas in America. They were men, most of them past middle life in years, and possessed of the easy virtues which distinguished the reign of that profligate monarch. They begged the domain under pretence of a pious zeal for the propagation
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), James ii., 1633-1671 (search)
years afterwards, James married Maria Beatrice Eleanor, a princess of the House of Este, of Modena, twenty-five years younger than himself. While in exile James had become a Roman Catholic, but did not acknowledge it until 1671. He had become a commander in the British navy, but the test-act of 1673 caused him to leave all public employments. Being sent to Scotland as head of the administration there, he treated the Covenanters with great cruelty. When Charles died, James became King (Feb. 6, 1685). The prime object of his administration was to overthrow the constitution of England and give the control of the nation to Roman Catholics. His rule was vigorous—oftentimes tyrannous—and in less than three years almost the whole of his subjects detested him. The foreign policy of the government was made subservient to that of France. Finally, the announcement that the Queen had given birth to a son brought on a political crisis. The people had been restrained from revolution by the b
674, m. Matthew Johnson, Jr., of Woburn 12 Dec. 1695; Timothy, b. 20 Oct. 1678, m. Persis Kendall, had children, and d. 17 Oct. 1758; Thomas, b. 15 July 1682, m. Sarah Sawyer, and d. 18 Aug. 1736. George the f. was a farmer, res. in Woburn, and d. 21 Feb. 1705-6, a. 77; his w. Hannah survived. 3. George, s. of George (2), m. Abigail, dau. of Thomas Peirce, 18 Feb. 1684-5; she d. 9 Sept. 1719, a. nearly 59, and he m. wid. Sybil Rice of Sudbury 24 May 1721. His chil. were Abigail, b. 6 Feb. 1685-6, m. Capt. Samuel Stone of Lex., and d. 16 Jan. 1767; Ebenezer, b. 6 Mar. 1689-90, m. Huldah——, had children, and d. 9 July 1767; George, b. 2 Aug. 1697, d. 6 Oct. 1697; Elizabeth, b. 14 June 1700, m. Deac. Christopher Paige, of that part of Billerica which is now Bedford, 23 May 1720, afterwards rem. to Hardwick, had seven sons and three daughters, and d. 1786. George the f. was a farmer, res. in Woburn, was many years Deacon of the Church, and d. 20 Jan. 1756, a. 95. 4. William, s
674, m. Matthew Johnson, Jr., of Woburn 12 Dec. 1695; Timothy, b. 20 Oct. 1678, m. Persis Kendall, had children, and d. 17 Oct. 1758; Thomas, b. 15 July 1682, m. Sarah Sawyer, and d. 18 Aug. 1736. George the f. was a farmer, res. in Woburn, and d. 21 Feb. 1705-6, a. 77; his w. Hannah survived. 3. George, s. of George (2), m. Abigail, dau. of Thomas Peirce, 18 Feb. 1684-5; she d. 9 Sept. 1719, a. nearly 59, and he m. wid. Sybil Rice of Sudbury 24 May 1721. His chil. were Abigail, b. 6 Feb. 1685-6, m. Capt. Samuel Stone of Lex., and d. 16 Jan. 1767; Ebenezer, b. 6 Mar. 1689-90, m. Huldah——, had children, and d. 9 July 1767; George, b. 2 Aug. 1697, d. 6 Oct. 1697; Elizabeth, b. 14 June 1700, m. Deac. Christopher Paige, of that part of Billerica which is now Bedford, 23 May 1720, afterwards rem. to Hardwick, had seven sons and three daughters, and d. 1786. George the f. was a farmer, res. in Woburn, was many years Deacon of the Church, and d. 20 Jan. 1756, a. 95. 4. William, s