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de1703. Peter Tufts1705. Nathaniel Wade1706. Stephen Francis1707. Stephen Willis1708. John Francis1709. Ebenezer Brooks1710. John Bradshaw1711. John Whitmore1712. Thomas Willis1713. Stephen Willis1714. Jonathan Tufts1715. Samuel Wade1717. Thomas Tufts1718. John Bradshaw1719. Jonathan Tufts1721. John Bradshaw1722. Thomas Tufts1723. Ebenezer Brooks1724. John Bradshaw1725. Ebenezer Brooks1726. Stephen Hall1730. Thomas Hall1732. John Hall1733. Stephen Hall1734. John Willis1736. John Hall1737. Benjamin Willis1738. John Hall1739. Benjamin Willis1740. Simon Tufts1742. John Hall1743. Benjamin Willis1744. Samuel Brooks1745. Benjamin Willis1746. Jonathan Watson1749. Samuel Brooks1750. Isaac Royal1755. Zachariah Poole1762. Isaac Royal1763. Stephen Hall1764. Isaac Royal1765. Benjamin Hall1773. Willis Hall1785. Thomas Brooks1788. Willis Hall1789. Ebenezer Hall1790. Richard Hall1794. John Brooks1796. Ebenezer Hall1798. John Brooks1803. Caleb Brooks1
peculiar; and these facts explain why the town went so long without public schools and churches. Surely, in some respects, Medford had a small beginning; but Governor Dudley, speaking on the subject, says, Small things, in the beginning of natural and political bodies, are as remarkable as greater in bodies full grown. The following records give the town's population at several epochs :-- 1707: Medford had 46 ratable polls; which number, multiplied by five, gives 230 inhabitants. In 1736, it had 133; which gives 665. In 1763, it had 104 houses; 147 families; 161 males under sixteen; 150 females under sixteen; 207 males above sixteen; 223 females above sixteen. Total, 741 inhabitants. In 1776, it had 967; in 1784, 981; in 1790, 1,029; in 1800, 1,114; in 1810, 1,443; in 1820, 1,474; in 1830, 1,755; in 1840, 2,478; in 1850, 3,749. In 1854, 1,299 residents in Medford were taxed. Manners and customs. The law-maxim, Consuetudo pro lege servatur, expresses what we al
e records, in manuscript, containing a notice of every clergyman who preached in Medford, and all the texts preached from, between 1727 and 1774; also a record of all baptisms and all contributions. Book No 1 begins Sept.3, 1727;and ends June1, 1736. Book No 2 begins June20, 1736;and ends Feb.28, 1745. Book No 3 begins March3, 1745;and ends Dec.3, 1767. Book No 4 begins Dec.20, 1767;and ends May1, 1774. In the second meeting-house, 5,134 sermons were preached, and 1,218 persons baptiz1736;and ends Feb.28, 1745. Book No 3 begins March3, 1745;and ends Dec.3, 1767. Book No 4 begins Dec.20, 1767;and ends May1, 1774. In the second meeting-house, 5,134 sermons were preached, and 1,218 persons baptized. Oct. 29, 1727.--The great earthquake occurred on this day (Sunday); and. the selectmen of Medford appointed the next Wednesday, Nov. 2, to be observed as a day of fasting and humiliation on that account. September, 1729.--The Yankee habit of using a jack-knife on all occasions and in all places seems to have given our town some trouble; for at this time they resolve, by a public vote, to prosecute those persons who have cut the seats of the new meetinghouse. Feb. 17, 1731.--Mr. Ture
Nathaniel Pierce, Mar. 1, 1685.   Elizabeth Francis, d. Nov. 12, 1750.    Samuel Francis, jun., and his wifed. Oct. 15, 1775. d. May 15, 1775.   Jane, widow of John Francis, d. Dec. 16, 1800, aged 63.   Fulton, John, was born in Boston, 1736, and moved to Medford in 1772, where he owned land bounded by the street which now bears his name. His father is said to have emigrated from Ireland, to enjoy liberty of conscience, and was one of the proprietors of the Federal-street Church. He b. Oct. 24, 1831; d. May 23, 1851. Georgianna I., b. Sept. 8, 1836. Winslow W., b. Oct. 2, 1840. William E., b. Mar. 19, 1845.-7Hannah, b. Dec. 23, 1726; d. Apr. 21, 1736.  8John, b. Oct. 30, 1729.  9Edmond, b. Aug. 17, 1731; d. Mar 9, 1736.  10Judith, b. July 26, 1733.  11Samuel, b. Oct. 24, 1735; d. Jan. 7, 1741.  12Edmond, b. Jan. 21, 1740. 1 Hepzibah had, by Gardner Fifield,-- George G., b. Oct. 27, 1824; m. Sarah E. Richardson. James F., b. Sept. 15, 1826; m.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bernard, Sir Francis, 1714-1779 (search)
Bernard, Sir Francis, 1714-1779 Colonial governor; born in Nettleham, Lincoln co., England, in 1714: was educated at Oxford, where he was graduated in 1736. The law was his chosen profession. In 1758 he was appointed governor of New Jersey; and in 1760 he was transferred to the chief magistracy of Massachusetts, where he was a most obedient servant of the crown and ministry in the support of measures obnoxious to the colonists. After a stormy administration of nearly nine years Bernard was recalled, when he was created a baronet, chiefly because of his recommendation to transfer the right of selecting the governor's council from the colonial legislature to the crown. Bernard was a friend of learning, and gave a part of his library to Harvard College. He had become so thoroughly unpopular that when he left Boston the bells were rung, cannon were fired, and Liberty-tree was hung with flags, in token of the joy of the people. He died in Aylesbury, England, June 16, 1779.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Boehler, Peter, 1712-1775 (search)
Boehler, Peter, 1712-1775 Clergyman: born in Frankfort, Germany, Dec. 31, 1712: was graduated at Jena in 1736; ordained a Moravian minister in 1737; and was sent as an evangelist to Carolina and Georgia in 1738. On his way he became acquainted with John and Charles Wesley, upon whom he exercised great influence. Indeed. John Wesley records in his diary that Boehler was the person through whom he was brought to believe in Christ. The Moravian colony in Georgia was broken up and removed to Pennsylvania in 1740. He was consecrated bishop in 1748 and superintended the Moravian churches in America in 1 753-64, when he was recalled to Germany. He died in London, England, April 27, 1775.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bonneville, Benjamin L. E., 1795-1878 (search)
Bonneville, Benjamin L. E., 1795-1878 Explorer; born in France about 1795; was graduated at West Point in 1815; engaged in explorations in the Rocky Mountains in 1831-36. Washington Irving edited his journal entitled Adventures of Captain Bonneville, U. S. A., in the Rocky Mountains and the far West. He served throughout the Mexican War, and was wounded at the battle of Churubusco. In 1865 he was brevetted brigadier-general for long and faithful service. He died at Fort Smith, Ark., June 12, 1878.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bosomworth, Thomas, (search)
Bosomworth, Thomas, Clergyman; came to America in 1736 with General Oglethorpe's regiment of Highlanders; married a Creek woman, who gradually came to be recognized as the queen of the Creek Indians. The crown granted Bosomworth a tract of land, and Governor Oglethorpe gave his wife a yearly allowance of $500. Her pretensions gradually increased, until she claimed equality with the sovereign of Great Britain. This not being conceded to her, she induced the Creek nation to revolt, and for a short time Savannah was in imminent danger. Both Bosomworth and his wife were imprisoned for a short time, but released upon giving peaceful assurances.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Braxton, Carter, 1736-1797 (search)
Braxton, Carter, 1736-1797 A signer of the Declaration of Independence; born in Newington, Va., Sept. 10. 1736; was educated at the College of William and Mary in 1756, and resided in England until 1760. He was a distinguished member and patriot in the Virginia House of Burgesses in supporting the resolutions of Patrick Henry in 1765, and in subsequent assemblies dissolved by the governor. He remained in the Virginia Assembly until royal rule ceased in that colony, and was active in measures for defeating the schemes of Lord Dunmore. Braxton was in the convention at Richmond in 1775, for devising measures for the defence of the colony and the public good; and in December he became the successor of Peyton Randolph in Congress. He remained in that body to vote for and sign the Declaration of Independence. In 1786, after serving in the Virginia legislature, he became one of the executive council. He died in Richmond, Va., Oct. 10, 1797.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bute, John Stuart, Earl of, (search)
Bute, John Stuart, Earl of, Statesman; born in Scotland in 1713; succeeded to his father's titles and estates when he was ten years of age; and, in 1736, married the only daughter of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu. In February, 1737, he was selected one of the sixteen representative peers of Scotland, and appointed lord of the bedchamber of the Prince of Wales in 1738. The beautiful Princess of Wales gave him her confidence on the death of her husband in 1751, and made him preceptor of her son, afterwards King George III. Over that youth he gained great influence. When he ascended the throne, in 1760, George promoted Bute to a privy councillor, and, afterwards, a secretary of state; and, when Pitt and the Duke of Newcastle retired from the cabinet, Bute was made prime minister. He soon became unpopular, chiefly because the King had discarded the great Pitt, and preferred this Scotch adventurer, whose bad advice was misleading his sovereign. Insinuations were rife about the too in
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