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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 105 105 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 4, 15th edition. 73 73 Browse Search
Lucius R. Paige, History of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1630-1877, with a genealogical register 59 59 Browse Search
Benjamin Cutter, William R. Cutter, History of the town of Arlington, Massachusetts, ormerly the second precinct in Cambridge, or District of Menotomy, afterward the town of West Cambridge. 1635-1879 with a genealogical register of the inhabitants of the precinct. 10 10 Browse Search
HISTORY OF THE TOWN OF MEDFORD, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, FROM ITS FIRST SETTLEMENT, IN 1630, TO THE PRESENT TIME, 1855. (ed. Charles Brooks) 10 10 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 1, Colonial and Revolutionary Literature: Early National Literature: Part I (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 8 8 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 3 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 6 6 Browse Search
Historic leaves, volume 3, April, 1904 - January, 1905 5 5 Browse Search
Medford Historical Society Papers, Volume 23. 5 5 Browse Search
the Rev. W. Turner , Jun. , MA., Lives of the eminent Unitarians 4 4 Browse Search
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night and early Monday morning three superb divisions of, Buell's army, about twenty thousand fresh, well-drilled troops, were advanced to the front under Buell's own direction; and by three o'clock of that day the two wings of the Union army were once more in possession of all the ground that had been lost on the previous day, while the foiled and disorganized Confederates were in full retreat upon Corinth. The severity of the battle may be judged by the losses. In the Union army: killed, 1754; wounded, 8408; missing, 2885. In the Confederate army: killed, I728; wounded, 8012; missing, 954. Having comprehended the uncertainty of Buell's successful junction with Grant, Halleck must have received tidings of the final victory at Pittsburg Landing with emotions of deep satisfaction. To this was now joined the further gratifying news that the enemy on that same momentous April 7 had surrendered Island No.10, together with six or seven thousand Confederate troops, including three g
n-planting was tried so early as 1621; and in 1666 the growth of the cotton-plant is on record. The cultivation slowly and fitfully expanded throughout the following century, extending northward to the eastern shore of Maryland and the southernmost point of New Jersey--where, however, the plant was grown more for ornament than use. It is stated that seven bags of cotton-wool were among the exports of Charleston, S. C., in 1748, and that trifling shipments from that port were likewise made in 1754 and 1757. In 1784, it is recorded that eight bags, slipped to England, were seized at the custom-house as fraudulently entered: cotton not being a production of the United States. The export of 1790, as returned, was eighty-one bags; and the entire cotton crop of the United States at that time was probably less than the product of some single plantation in our day. For, though the plant grew luxuriantly and produced abundantly throughout tide-water Virginia and all that portion of our co
rom their native country and relations, by Friends, not a commendable or allowable practice. Nearly thirty years before, the yearly meeting in Philadelphia (1696) took a step in advance of this, admonishing their members to be careful not to encourage the bringing in of any more negroes, and that those who have negroes be careful of them, bring them to meeting, etc., etc. It thus appears that Quakers, like other Christians, were then not only slaveholders, but engaged in the Slave-Trade. In 1754, the American Quakers had advanced to the point of publicly recommending their societies to advise and deal with such as engage in the Slave-Trade. Again: slaveholding Quakers were urged — not to emancipate their slaves — but to care for their morals, and treat them humanely. The British Quakers came up to this mark in 1758--four years later; and more decidedly in 1761 and 1763. In 1774, the Philadelphia meeting directed that all persons engaged in any form of slave-trading be disowned; an
Union then already in being. Looking still further back in the record of events, we find that on the 5th of September, 1774, the Continental Congress, composed of delegates from all the Colonies except Georgia--which was afterwards represented — was convened in Philadelphia. Though as far back as 1637 the idea of a confederacy between some of the Colonies had been presented; though a convention was held in Boston, in 1643, to form a confederacy among the New England Colonies; though in 1754 a Congress of delegates from seven Colonies was convened at Albany, and unanimously resolved that a union of the Colonies was absolutely necessary for their preservation; and a similar Congress of delegates from nine Colonies was held in New York, in 1765; all indicating the tendency of the American mind to intrench the separate and scattered communities within a citadel of union: yet the Congress which convened in Philadelphia, in 1774, composed of delegates appointed by the popular or repre
al organization; so much so that there was added to them great length of days. The first planters in Londonderry lived to an average of eighty years; some lived to ninety, and others to one hundred. Among the last was William Scovy, who died at the age of one hundred and four. The last two heads of the sixteen families who first settled that town died there in 1782, aged ninety-three years each. In Chester, an adjoining town, there died James Wilson, aged one hundred years; James Shirley, 1754, aged one hundred and five, and his relative of the same name aged ninety-one; and William Cragy and wife in 1775, each aged one hundred years. Col. James Davis was one of these emigrants, and he was a man of remarkable stature as well as years. He died in 1749, aged eighty-eight Birthplace of Benj. F. Butler at Deerfield, N. H. years. Samuel, ninety-nine years; James, ninety-three years; Thomas, eighty-eight years; Daniel, sixty-five years; Sarah, ninety-one years; Hannah, seventy-seven
Henry Morton Stanley, Dorothy Stanley, The Autobiography of Sir Henry Morton Stanley, part 1.4, chapter 1.12 (search)
mmand of the guards, and, in a few minutes, was left to my own reflections amid the unfortunates. The loss of the Union troops in the two days fight was 1754 killed, 8408 wounded, and 2885 captured; total, 13,047. That of the Confederates was 1728 killed, 8012 wounded, and 959 missing; total, 10,699. The loss of Hindman's Brigade was 109 killed, 546 wounded, 38 missing; total, 693,--about a fifth of the number that went, on the Sunday morning, into action. Referring to these totals, 1754+1728=3482, killed, General Grant, however, says, in his article on Shiloh: This estimate of the Confederate loss must be incorrect. We buried, by actual count, more of the enemy's dead in front of the divisions of McClernand and Sherman alone than here reported; and 4000 was the estimate of the burial parties for the whole field. Stanley, now having become a prisoner, is not able to conclude his personal account of this historical contest. It may be of interest to the reader if I bri
rooks, as a Committee to defend the town against any suits in law having reference to the rebuilding of Mistic Bridge. The decision was in favor of Medford. When the tract on the south of the river became annexed to Medford from Charlestown in 1754, the town says: April 30, 1754: The southerly half of Mistic Bridge, and the causey adjoining, by a resolve of the General Assembly, is now within the limits of Medford. May 8, 1754: Samuel Brooks, Esq., Lieut. Stephen Hall, jun., and Jos. Tufts,to manage the affairs relating to the southerly half of the Mistic Bridge, and the causey adjoining thereto. The increase of travel over this bridge rendered it liable to frequent repairs, and Medford became sole owner of it. The annexation, in 1754, of that part of Charlestown which lies near the south bank of Mystic River, released that town from all obligations connected with the Great Bridge, as it was called. Accordingly, July 25, 1757, we find the following record: Voted, that Samuel B
ful money, as distinguished from old tenor, is first mentioned in the Medford records, May 17, 1750. The town voted, May 21, 1751, to give Mr. Turell, as salary for that year, £ 73. 6s. 8d. (lawful money), which was equal to £ 550 (old tenor). In 1754, voted to give him £ 80 (lawful money), which was equal to £ 600 (old tenor). In 1761, £ 10 were equal to £ 75 old tenor, £ 24 to £ 180, and £ 80 to £ 600. It is not easy, in our day of plenty and power, to estimate those perplexities and fed town£4311511 Balance due from treasurer10038 Errors excepted. Pr. Joseph Tufts, Committee. Thomas Brooks, Committee. June 5, 1753, the General Court laid a tax on coaches, chariots, chaises, calashes, and riding-chairs. Medford, in 1754, had 1 chariot, 7 chaises, and 31 chairs. Cambridge, during the same time, had 9 chaises and 36 chairs. Woburn had 2 chaises and 9 chairs. Maiden had 2 chaises and 20 chairs. During the revolutionary struggle, debts were accumulated to v
22.To 1 hogshead of rum110April 22.By 1 woman-slave110 May 1.To rum130May 1.By 1 prime woman-slave130 May 2.To 1 hogshead rum105May 2.By 1 boy-slave, 4ft. lin105 May 7.To 1 hogshead rum108May 7.By 1 boy-slave, 4ft. 3in108 May 5.To cash in gold5oz. 2.May 5.By 1 prime man-slave5oz. 2. May 5.To cash in gold2oz.    May 5.To 2 doz. of snuff1oz.May 5.By 1 old man for a Lingister3oz. 0.   ----3oz. 0.    How will the above read in the capital of Liberia two hundred years hence? In 1754, there were in Medford twenty-seven male and seven female slaves, and fifteen free blacks; total, forty-nine. In 1764, there were forty-nine free blacks. When the law freed all the slaves, many in Medford chose to remain with their masters; and they were faithful unto death. List of slaves, and their owners' names. Worcester,owned byRev. E. Turell. PompeyDr. Simon Tufts. RoseCaptain Thomas Brooks. PompCaptain Thomas Brooks. PeterCaptain Francis Whitmore. LondonSimon Bradshaw. Sel
went, with his family, to Concord. He d. Aug., 1808. Children:--  1-2Samuel, b. 1750.  3Daniel, b. 1752.  4Caleb, b. 1754; d. Mar., 1816. 1-2Samuel Swan, jun., m. Hannah Lamson, Mar. 5, 1778, who d. Nov., 1826, aged 70. He d. Nov., 1825. In 800.  27William Wyman, b. Aug. 24, 1803. 15-24John Symmes m. Miss Dix, of Waltham, and had--  24-28Josiah.  29John, b. 1754.  30Abigail, m.----Cutter. 24-29John Symmes m. Elizabeth Wright, 1780, and had--  29-31John, b. Jan. 27, 1781; m. Pamel His widow d. Aug. 30, 1830, aged 87. He d. Dec. 31, 1786. 23-54William Tufts m.--------, and had--  54-90Catharine, b. 1754. 23-55COTTON Tufts m.----Smith, sister-in-law of President John Adams; was grad. H. C., 1749, A. A.S.; lived in WeymouthMary, b. Jan. 29, 1716; d. May 18, 1736. 2-8William Willis m. Rebecca----, who d. Sept. 30, 1754, aged 63. He d. Aug 27, 1754, aged 60, and had--  8-26Thomas, b. Aug., 1710; d. young.   Stephen Willis possibly (6-23) m. Elizabeth Bradshaw,
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