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First Parish for the annexation to Cambridge of that portion of Watertown west of what we now know as Sparks Street, and south of Vassall Lane, extending to Fresh Pond, prevailed. The committee to whom it was referred reported, April 17, 1754, in its favor, and the next day an order to that effect was passed by the Assembly. In 1758, the inhabitants south of Charles River again petitioned for a separate precinct. Consideration of this petition was postponed from time to time, but in March, 1760, a committee reported, recommending practically that it be granted, and that as a compensation, a part of the territory of Charlestown should be annexed to the First Parish. Action on this report was deferred until April 17, 1761, when it was submitted, but not adopted. A compromise measure offered the next day met a better fate. The residents south of the Charles did not secure their separate autonomy, but an annual allowance of £ 52 was granted them for the support of preaching in th
power in that government. Still, these measures, they said, did not yet sufficiently secure their constitution; and by other bills they enlarged popular power, taking from the governor all influence over the judiciary, by chap. XVI.} 1760 making good behavior its tenure of office. Maryland repeated the same contests, and adopted the same policy. Already the negative had been wrested from the Council of Pennsylvania, and from the proprietaries themselves. The latter, therefore, in March, 1760, appealed to the king against seventeen acts that had been passed in 1758 and 1759, as equally affecting the royal prerogative, their chartered immunities, and their rights as men. When, in May, 1760, Franklin appeared with able counsel to defend the liberties of his adopted home before the Board of Trade, he was encountered by Pratt, the attorney-general, and Charles Yorke, the son of Lord Hardwicke, then the solicitor-general, who appeared for the prerogative and the proprietaries. Of