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irginia. I heard them afterwards, on two occasions, when the music was charming, and the recollection of the scenes amid which it sounded interests me. The second time I heard the brave musicians was at Fairfax Court-house, in 1861 --or was it in 1761? A century seems to have rolled away since then. In 1761 the present writer must have been a youth, and appears to remember that a fair face was beside him on that moonlit portico at Fairfax, while the band of the First Virginia played the Mo1761 the present writer must have been a youth, and appears to remember that a fair face was beside him on that moonlit portico at Fairfax, while the band of the First Virginia played the Mocking bird, from the camp across the mills. The scene is clear in memory to-day, as then to the material eye: the moonlight sleeping on the roofs of the village; the distant woods, dimly seen on the horizon; the musing figure in the shadow; and the music making the air magical with melody, to die away in the balmy breeze of the summer night. To-day the Federal forces occupy the village, and their bands play Yankee Doodle, or The star-spangled banner. No more does the good old band of the Firs
Baron de Jomini, Summary of the Art of War, or a New Analytical Compend of the Principle Combinations of Strategy, of Grand Tactics and of Military Policy. (ed. Major O. F. Winship , Assistant Adjutant General , U. S. A., Lieut. E. E. McLean , 1st Infantry, U. S. A.), Chapter 3: strategy. (search)
the imposing forces which were upon the Rhine did not second them, and when those forces operated offensively in their turn, the Allies remained inactive upon the Sambre. Do not these false combinations resemble those of Soubise and of Broglie in 1761, as well as all the lines of the Seven Years War? In 1794, the scene is wholly changed. The French pass from a painful defensive to a brilliant offensive. The combinations of that campaign were, doubtless, well established; but they have beening of posts. Intrenched camps alone belong to the combinations of grand tactics, and even of strategy, by the support which they lend momentarily to an army. It will be seen, by the example of the camp of Buntzelwitz, which saved Frederick in 1761, by those of Kehl and of Dusseldorf in 1796, that such a refuge may have a great importance. In 1800, the intrenched camp of Ulm gave Kray the means of arresting for a whole month the army of Moreau upon the Danube. It is known how many advantag
. It thus appears that Quakers, like other Christians, were then not only slaveholders, but engaged in the Slave-Trade. In 1754, the American Quakers had advanced to the point of publicly recommending their societies to advise and deal with such as engage in the Slave-Trade. Again: slaveholding Quakers were urged — not to emancipate their slaves — but to care for their morals, and treat them humanely. The British Quakers came up to this mark in 1758--four years later; and more decidedly in 1761 and 1763. In 1774, the Philadelphia meeting directed that all persons engaged in any form of slave-trading be disowned; and in 1776 took the decisive and final step by directing that the owners of slaves, who refused to execute the proper instruments for giving them their freedom, be disowned likewise. This blow hit the nail on the head. In 1781, but one case requiring discipline under this head was reported; and in 1783, it duly appeared that there were no slaves owned by its members.
and the marshes through which it flows look to our eyes as they did to theirs. Few events of extraordinary interest have been witnessed upon its waters. The well-known curve in the bed of the river, near the rock, extending more than half a mile, made the passage round it so difficult, especially with sails, that it soon received the name of Labor in Vain. It often became necessary for men to drag boats round a part of this narrow strip of land, by means of ropes stretched to the shore. In 1761, the inhabitants of Medford proposed to cut a canal across this peninsula; and they voted to do it, if it could be done by subscription! The expense was found to fall upon so few that the plan failed. Within our day it has been accomplished. In the revolutionary war, our river was occasionally a resort for safety. August 6, 1775, Mr. Nowell says: This day, skirmishing up Mistick River. Several soldiers brought over here (Boston) wounded. The house at Penny Ferry, Malden side, burnt.
t comparatively easy. May 15, 1758: Voted £ 10 for the repair of the roads. This is the first vote of the kind on record. Till this time, each citizen had worked out his highway tax by himself or hired man. Straightening and widening roads became each year a more imperative duty, since the first ones were little better than cow-paths. Seventy years ago began conversations on the expediency and importance of opening new routes for travel between this and the neighboring villages. March 9; 1761: Many inhabitants of the town petitioned the Court of Sessions for a road across the marshes at Labor in Vain; thus connecting the eastern part of the town with the Boston road. The petition was granted, and the Commissioners laid out the road and assessed the damages; but it was concluded not to build it. March 5, 1787, the town voted, That Benjamin Hall, Esq., Gen. John Brooks, and Thomas Brooks, Esq., be a Committee to petition the Court of Sessions to obtain a new road through a part of
enses, 3 years£1,44691 Ebenezer Brooks, Treasurer from 1735 to 1743.     Amount paid for town-expenses, 8 years2,26507 Benjamin Parker, Treasurer from 1743 to 1749.     Amount paid for town-expenses, 6 years4,886101 Aaron Hall, Treasurer from 1761 to 1767.Lawful Money.  Amount paid for town-expenses$674197 James Wyman, Treasurer from 1767 to 1771.     Amount paid for town-expenses, 4 years2,162122 In these four years are included the expenses of building the meeting-house, in 1769. radstreet1700. Samuel Wade1709. John Whitmore1714. William Willis1725. John Richardson1727. Edward Brooks1728. Samuel Brooks1729. Stephen Hall1733. Edward Brooks1735. Benjamin Parker1743. Edward Brooks1750. Thomas Brooks1756. Aaron Hall1761. Thomas Brooks1763. James Wyman1767. Jonathan Patten1778. Richard Hall1786. Jonathan Porter1790. Isaac Warren1793. Samuel Buel1794. John Bishop1798. Joseph P. Hall1804. Joseph Manning1808. William Rogers1823. Henry Porter1825.
plate belonging to the First Church has its history, which is as follows :-- Two silver cups, bought by the church in 1719. One silver cups, gift of Mrs. Sarah Ward, 1725. One silver cups, gift of Deacon Thomas Willis. Two silver cups, gift of Mr. Francis Leathe, 1742. One silver cups, gift of Thomas Brooks, Esq., 1759. One large silver tankard, with a cover,--gift of Rev. Ebenezer Turell, 1760. One smaller silver tankard, with a cover,--gift of Francis and Mary Whitmore, 1761. One large, open, silver can,--gift of Hon. Isaac Royal, 1781. One silver dish,--gift of Hon. Isaac Royal, 1789. One silver dish,--gift of Deacon Richard Hall, 1814. Two silver cups,--gift of Mr. William Wyman, 1815. Two silver flagons,--gift of Hon. P. C. Brooks, 1823. One silver dish,--gift of Mr. David Bucknam, 1824. One antique silver cup; donor and date unknown. One silver spoon; Two silver cans,--gift of Turell Tufts, Esq., 1842. Previously to 1759, there w
sufficient to purchase an ounce of silver. Governor Belcher says (1733), Sixteen shillings in these bills will not purchase five shillings lawful money. Lawful money, as distinguished from old tenor, is first mentioned in the Medford records, May 17, 1750. The town voted, May 21, 1751, to give Mr. Turell, as salary for that year, £ 73. 6s. 8d. (lawful money), which was equal to £ 550 (old tenor). In 1754, voted to give him £ 80 (lawful money), which was equal to £ 600 (old tenor). In 1761, £ 10 were equal to £ 75 old tenor, £ 24 to £ 180, and £ 80 to £ 600. It is not easy, in our day of plenty and power, to estimate those perplexities and fears of our fathers which came from an empty treasury, a defenceless country, and an embarrassed trade. To show how very slowly they must have gathered money, we give a table of prices of such productions as were taken for rates at the treasury. Good merchantable beef, £ 3 a barrel; do. pork, £ 5. 10s.; winter wheat, 8s.; summer, 7
baptism in the second meeting-house was of Rhoda, daughter of Moses Tufts, Feb. 4, 1770. The first in the new meeting-house was Lydia, daughter of Samuel Teel, March 18, 1770. Nov. 24, 1759.--The name of Mead occurs for the first time in the Medford records. 1760.--The word dollar occurs in the Medford records for the first time. 1760.--A certain clergyman said to an Indian, I am sorry to see you drink rum. The Indian replied, Yes, we Indians do drink rum; but we do not make it. 1761.--The first record of any vote of thanks in Medford bears date of May 13, 1761, thanking Mr. Thomas Brooks for his good services as treasurer. 1762.--Wages for a man's labor one day, three shillings and fourpence (lawful money); for a man and team, six shillings and eightpence. Nov. 1, 1763.--The Stamp Act went into operation. In 1763, there were nine hundred and five full-blooded Indians in the Old Colony. Sept. 7, 1767.--Voted that the one hundred and three hymns written by Dr.
1757; Allen, 1757; Andriesse, 1799; Attwood, 1718; Auld, 1750; Austin, 1752. Bacon, 1749; Bailey, 1806; Ballard, 1721: Binford, 1757; Blodgett, 1752; Blunt, 1748; Boutwell, 1753; Bradish, 1745; Brattle, 1747; Bucknam, 1766; Budge, 1762; Burdit, 1761; Burns, 1751; Bushby, 1735; Butterfield, 1785. Calif, 1750; Chadwick, 1756; Cook, 1757; Cousins, 1755; Crease, 1757; Crowell, 1752. Davis, 1804; Degrusha, 1744; Dexter, 1767; Dill, 1734; Dixon, 1758; Dodge, 1749; Durant, 1787. Earl, 1781; Easterbrook, 1787; Eaton, 1755; Edwards, 1753; Erwin, 1752. Farrington, 1788; Faulkner, 1761; Fessenden, 1785; Fitch, 1785; Floyd, 1750; Fowle, 1752; French, 1755. Galt, 1757; Gardner, 1721; Garret, 1732; Giles, 1719; Gill, 1738; Goddard, 1745; Gowen, 1773; Grace, 1779; Greatton, 1718; Green, 1785. Hosmer, 1746; Hunt, 1751. Kendall, 1752; Kettle, or Kettell, 1740. Lathe, Laithe, and Leathe, 1738; Learned, 1793; Le Bosquet, 1781. Mack, 1790; Mallard, 1753; Mansfield, 1759; May,
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