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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 88 88 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 6, 10th edition. 83 83 Browse Search
Lucius R. Paige, History of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1630-1877, with a genealogical register 52 52 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 26 26 Browse Search
Benjamin Cutter, William R. Cutter, History of the town of Arlington, Massachusetts, ormerly the second precinct in Cambridge, or District of Menotomy, afterward the town of West Cambridge. 1635-1879 with a genealogical register of the inhabitants of the precinct. 17 17 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 1, Colonial and Revolutionary Literature: Early National Literature: Part I (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 6 6 Browse Search
HISTORY OF THE TOWN OF MEDFORD, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, FROM ITS FIRST SETTLEMENT, IN 1630, TO THE PRESENT TIME, 1855. (ed. Charles Brooks) 6 6 Browse Search
Medford Historical Society Papers, Volume 8. 5 5 Browse Search
Francis Jackson Garrison, William Lloyd Garrison, 1805-1879; the story of his life told by his children: volume 2 5 5 Browse Search
The Soldiers' Monument in Cambridge: Proceedings in relation to the building and dedication of the monument erected in the years, 1869-1870. 3 3 Browse Search
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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., The opposing forces at Fredericksburg, Va. (search)
ohn LI. Butler. Artillery loss: k, 2; w, 8 == 10. cavalry Brigade, Brig.-Gen. George D. Bayard (k), Col. David McM. Gregg: Indep't Co., D. C., Lieut. Williams H. Orton; 1st Me., Lieut.-Col. Calvin S. Douty; 1st N. J., Lieut.-Col. Joseph Karge; 2d N. Y., Maj. Henry E. Davies' 10th N. Y., Lieut.-Col. William Irvine; 1st Pa., Col. Owen Jones. Brigade loss: k, 1; w, 3 == 4. Artillery: C, 3d U. S., Capt. Horatio G. Gibson. Total Union loss: killed, 1284; wounded, 9600; captured or missing, 1769 == 12,653. Regarding the strength of his army on the morning of December 13th, General Burnside says ( Official Records, Vol. XXI., p. 90): The forces now under conmmand of General Franklin consisted of about 60,000 men, as shown by the morning reports, and was composed as follows: Sixth Corps, 24,000; First Corps, 18,500; Third Corps (two divisions), 10,000; Ninth Corps (Burns's division), 4000; Bayard's cavalry, 3500. General Sumner had about 27,000 men, comprising his own grand divisio
Baron de Jomini, Summary of the Art of War, or a New Analytical Compend of the Principle Combinations of Strategy, of Grand Tactics and of Military Policy. (ed. Major O. F. Winship , Assistant Adjutant General , U. S. A., Lieut. E. E. McLean , 1st Infantry, U. S. A.), Advertisement (search)
e art of war, as is generally conceived, is divided into five purely military branches: strategy, grand tactics, logistics, (la logistique,) the art of the engineer and elementary tactics (la tactique de detail); but there is an essential part of this science which has, until now, been improperly excluded from it, it is the policy of war. There exists, to my knowledge, but a very few works upon this matter; the only one even which bears the title, is the Policy of War, by Hay du Chatelet, (1769.) It is there found that an army, wishing to pass a stone bridge, should cause it to be visited by carpenters and architects, and that Darius would not have been conquered if, instead of opposing all his forces to Alexander, he had fought him with but the half! Astonishing maxim of military policy. Maizeroy has had some ideas quite as vague, in what he calls the dialetics of war. Lloyd has gone fartherest into the question; but how much his work leaves to be desired, and how much it has bee
xpanding production of Cotton; for Whitney's invention had rendered this staple far more remunerative to its producer than any rival which the South had ever, or has ever yet, attempted to grow; while the nearly simultaneous inventions of Hargreaves, Arkwright, and others, James Hargreaves had invented the Spinning-Jenny in 1764; this was supplanted by the invention by Sir Richard Arkwright, in 1768, of a superior machine for spinning cotton thread. James Watt patented his Steam Engine in 1769, and his improvement, whereby a rotary motion was produced, in 1782; and its first application to cotton-spinning occurred in 1787, but it was many years in winning its way into general use. John Fitch's first success in steam navigation was achieved in 1786. Fulton's patents were granted in 1809-11, and claimed the simple means of adapting paddle-wheels to the axle of the crank of Watt's engine. whereby steam was applied to the propulsion of machinery admirably adapted to the fabrication of
-expenses, 3 years£1,44691 Ebenezer Brooks, Treasurer from 1735 to 1743.     Amount paid for town-expenses, 8 years2,26507 Benjamin Parker, Treasurer from 1743 to 1749.     Amount paid for town-expenses, 6 years4,886101 Aaron Hall, Treasurer from 1761 to 1767.Lawful Money.  Amount paid for town-expenses$674197 James Wyman, Treasurer from 1767 to 1771.     Amount paid for town-expenses, 4 years2,162122 In these four years are included the expenses of building the meeting-house, in 1769. The pews paid the greater part.   Lawful Money. Expenses from 1771 to 1772£55834 Expenses from 1777 to 17781,41444 Expenses from 1778 to 1779 (by tax)3,061186  Borrowed2,85000     (Depreciated money)5,311186 1779.Expenses (raised by tax)8,81400  Borrowed8,63544     Extra expenses on account of the war17,44944 1780.Raised by tax101,4011910  Borrowed5,38370     (Depreciated money)106,785610 1786.March, to March, 17871,440150 1790.Expenses of town for o
stone, set in silver; and my bunch or brush of spun glass. Item. My good servant Worcester,--I give him his freedom, and discharge him from any demands of my heirs or executors on account of his being a slave; and order my executor to reserve in his hands £ 50, sterling, to and for the use of my said servant, if he should be unable to support himself; the same to be given him at the discretion of my said executor. When the town determined to set the meeting-house where it was built in 1769, Mr. Turell remonstrated. He wished it placed beside the old one. He accordingly erased from his will the section in which he had given his dwelling-house to the town! The system of exchanges, by which neighboring ministers preached in each other's pulpits, was in full activity during Mr. Turell's ministry; and the Medford church was instructed occasionally by Rev. Messrs. Colman, Cooper, Gardner, and Byles, of Boston; Prince, Warren, and Clapp, of Cambridge; Stimson, of Charlestown; Coo
nted three times; leads and pulleys in the windows. The whole cost not to exceed £ 933. 6s. 8d. This plan was adopted, and the house built on the spot now occupied by the meeting-house of the first church. Another important vote was passed, providing that a subscription should be opened, and the citizen who subscribed the most towards building the house should have his first choice of a pew; and so the rest, in the order of their relative sums. Forty-five gentlemen subscribed. March. 13, 1769, voted to have a spire, whose cost should not exceed £ 66. 13s. 4d. May 15, 1769, voted that there may be conducting-rods put upon the steeple, if they cost the town nothing. Price of labor at this time, for a man, 3s. 6d. per day; for man and team, 6s. 8d. By the usual courtesy, the pastor took the first choice, and selected pew No. 27; which thereupon became the minister's pew, owned by the town. The pews in the meeting-house were chosen according to the vote of the town and the ten
n, on land inherited from Percival, his great-grandfather.  g.Mary, b. Feb. 22, 1785; m. Eli Servey.  h.Calvin, b. Jan. 23, 1789; is of Sutton. 46 c.-111 b.Joseph Hall, a mason, resided in Richmond, Vt.; and d. there, Nov. 22, 1822. He m., in 1769, Mary Trowbridge, of Newton, b. Nov., 1750; d. Dec. 28, 1824; and had--  111 b.-211 i.Thaddeus, b. Mar. 28, 1770.  j.Sarah, b. Nov. 26, 1771; m. Orin Stevens.  k.Amasa, b. June 4, 1774; d. young.  l.Abner, b. July 25, 1775; d. young.  m.Polly 112-212Jairus. A lawyer; for more than twenty years a member of Vermont Legislature; Judge Court of Common Pleas, &c.; d. in Boston in 1849.  213Sewall.  214Jeffries.  215Bradshaw, d. in Castine, 1826, leaving six children.  216Timothy, b. 1769; father to Rev. J. Hall, of Newcastle, Me. 48-114 e.Aaron Hall m.--------, and had--  114 e.-216 a.Daughter, m. Asa Parsons.  b.Apphia, m. Sylvester Judd, Esq., of Southampton.  c.Irene, m. Samuel Matthews.  d.Drusilla, m.----Johnson
son, 1796; Robbins, 1765; Rouse, 1770; Rumril, 1750; Rushby, 1735; Russul, 1733. Sables, 1758; Sargent, 1716; Scolly, 1733; Semer, 1719; Simonds, 1773; Souther, 1747; Sprague, 1763; Stocker, 1763; Storer, 1748. Tebodo, 1757; Teel, 1760; Tidd, 1746; Tilton, 1764; Tompson, 1718; Trowbridge, 1787; Turner, 1729; Tuttle, 1729; Tyzick, 1785. Wait, 1725; Waite, 1785; Wakefield, 1751; Walker, 1779; Ward, 1718; Waters, 1721; Watson, 1729; White, 1749; Whitney, 1768; William, 1762; Williston, 1769; Winship, 1772; Witherston, 1798; Wright, 1795. As to the strangers who are mentioned on our records, I find that Adrian Lubert Andriesse, of Batavia, was born in Boston, Feb. 9, 1799, and baptized at Medford, July 7, 1805. Charles Dabney's child, which Mr. Albree had to nurse, was baptized July 4, 1742, and named Charles. Of those not of American birth or parentage, I find, besides the slaves and their children, that Jacob Auld, one of the Scotch-Irish, had, by wife Ann, a daughter, M
perity, to the indissoluble union of American States and the imperishable brotherhood of the American people. Now, what answer has New England to this message? Will she permit the prejudice of war to remain in the hearts of the conquerors, when it has died in the hearts of the conquered? Will she transmit this prejudice to the next generation, that in their hearts, which never felt the generous ardor of conflict, it The Pinckney house in Charleston, South Carolina Here lived from 1769 the noted Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, after his return from school at Westminster and Oxford. When the Revolution began he discontinued his practice of law and led a provincial regiment. For two years he was one of Washingon's aidesde-camp. In 1780 his wife was evicted from the mansion by British troops when Sir Henry Clinton and Lord Cornwallis occupied the town. The history of his dwelling-place terminated in December, 1861. A fire began on a wharf by the Cooper River, where some Negr
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Adams, Samuel, 1722-1803 (search)
olonial governors. He proposed the first Committee of Correspondence in Massachusetts in 1772; and, when General Gage besought him to make his peace with the King, he replied, I trust I have made my peace with the King of kings. No personal considerations shall induce me to abandon the righteous cause of my country. In 1774 he was the chief in maturing the plan for a Continental Congress; was a member of it; and served in that body most efficiently from that time until 1781. As early as 1769 Mr. Adams advocated the independence of the colonies, and was one of the warmest supporters of it in the Congress. When debating on the Declaration of Independence, Adams said: I should advise persisting in our struggle for liberty though it were revealed from heaven that 999 were to perish, and one of 1,000 were to survive and retain his liberty. One such freeman must possess more virtue, and enjoy more happiness. than 1,000 slaves; and let him propagate his like, and transmit to them wha
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