Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for January, 1776 AD or search for January, 1776 AD in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Flag, National. (search)
n flag used at the battle on Bunker (Breed's) Hill, was called the New England flag. It was a blue ground, with the red cross of St. George in a corner, quartering a white field, and in the upper dexter quartering was the figure of a pine-tree. The New Englanders had also a pine-tree flag as well as a pine-tree shilling. The engraving below is a reduced copy of a vignette on a map of Boston, published in Paris in 1776. The London Chronicle, an anti-ministerial paper, in its issue for January, 1776, gives the following description of the flag of an American cruiser that had been captured: In the The New England flag. Admiralty Office is the flag of a provincial privateer. The field is white bunting; on the middle is a green pine-tree, and upon the opposite side is the motto Appeal to Heaven. The Culpeper men, who marched with Patrick Henry towards The Pine-tree flag. Williamsburg to demand instant restoration of powder to the old magazine, or payment for it by Governor Dunm
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Franklin, William 1729-1813 (search)
out a year after his birth Franklin was married, took his child into his own house, and brought him up as his son. He held a captain's commission in the French War (1744-48). From 1754 to 1756 he was comptroller of the colonial post-office, and clerk to the Provincial Assembly. He went to London with his father in 1757, and was admitted to the bar in 1758. In 1762 he was appointed governor of the province of New Jersey, remaining loyal to the crown when the Revolution broke out, and in January, 1776, a guard was put over him at his residence at Perth Amboy. He gave his parole that he would not leave the province. In June (1776) he called a meeting of the legislature of New Jersey, for which offence, defiance of public opinion, he was arrested and sent to Connecticut, where for more than two years he was strictly guarded, when, in November, 1778, he was exchanged. He remained in New York, and was active as president of the Board of Associated Loyalists until 1782, when he sailed f
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Georgia, (search)
tine, to find that they had been outgeneraled by Oglethorpe. The place of the slaughter is called Bloody Marsh to this day. This stratagem probably saved Georgia and South Carolina from utter destruction. Sir James Wright was appointed royal governor of Georgia in 1764. He ruled wisely, but was a warm adherent of the royal cause. His influence kept down open resistance to the acts of Parliament for some time; but when that resistance became strong, it was suddenly overpowering. In January, 1776, Joseph Habersham, a member of the Assembly, raised a party of volunteers and made Governor Wright a prisoner, but set him free on his parole not to leave his own house. This parole he violated. A sentinel was placed before his door, and all intercourse between Wright and friends of the crown was forbidden. One stormy night (Feb. 11, 1776), Governor Wright escaped from a back window of his house, with an attendant, fled to a boat at the river-side, and went down the Savannah 5 miles t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hale, Nathan 1755- (search)
Hale, Nathan 1755- Patriot; born in Coventry, Conn., June 6, 1755; graduated at Yale College in 1773; and taught school till the fight in Lexington prompted him The Hale Homestead. to join Col. Charles Webb's regiment. He took part in the siege of Boston; was promoted to captain in January, 1776; and was sent to New York. In response to a call from Washington he volunteered to enter the British lines and procure needed information. At the house of Robert Murray, on the Incleberg (now Murray Hill, in the city of New York), where Washington had his headquarters for a brief time while retreating towards Harlem Heights, Hale received instructions on duty from the commander-in-chief. He entered the British camp on Long Island as a plain young farmer, and made sketches and notes unsuspected. A Tory kinsman knew and betrayed him. He was taken to Howe's headquarters at the Beekman mansion, and confined in the green-house all night. He frankly avowed his name, rank, and character
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Lewis, Morgan 1754-1844 (search)
Lewis, Morgan 1754-1844 Jurist; born in New York City, Oct. 16, 1754; son of Francis Lewis; graduated at Princeton in 1773. He studied law with John Jay, and joined the army at Cambridge in June, 1775. He was on the staff of General Gates with the rank of colonel in January, 1776, and soon afterwards became quartermaster-general of the Northern army. He was active during the war, and at its close was admitted to the bar, and practised in Dutchess county, N. Y. He was a judge of the court of common pleas and of the superior court of the State in 1792, being, the year before, attorney-general. He was chief-justice in 1801, and governor from 1804 to 1807. In 1812 he was appointed quartermastergeneral with the rank of brigadier-general, and was promoted to major-general in 1813. He was active on the Niagara frontier in 1814, and was placed in command of the defenses of the city of New York. After the war he devoted himself to literature and agriculture. In 1832 he delivered t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Moore's Creek Bridge, battle of. (search)
Moore's Creek Bridge, battle of. In January, 1776, Sir Henry Clinton sailed from Boston on a secret mission. Suspecting his destination to be New York, Washington sent General Lee thither. His presence probably deterred Clinton from landing, after a conference with Governor Tryon, and he proceeded to the coast of North Carolina to assist Governor Martin in the recovery of his power in that province. Martin, aware of his approach, and anticipating an armament from Ireland, kept up a continual intercourse from his floating palace on the Cape Fear with the Scotch Highlanders (who had settled in large numbers in that province) and other Tories. He commissioned Donald McDonald brigadier-general. He was a veteran who had fought for the Young Pretender at the battle of Culloden (1746). Under him, as captain, was Allan McDonald. These two men had great influence over the Scotch Highlanders. They enlisted for the royal cause about 1,500 men, and marched from the vicinity of Fayette
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Orne, Azor 1731-1796 (search)
Orne, Azor 1731-1796 Military officer; born in Marblehead, Mass., July 22, 1731; was a successful merchant and an active patriot, a member of the Massachusetts Provincial Congress, and long one of the committee of safety. In organizing the militia, and in collecting arms and ammunition, he was very active. In January, 1776, he was appointed one of the three Massachusetts major-generals, but did not take the field. For many years he was a member of the State Senate and council of Massachusetts, and was a zealous advocate of education. He died in Boston, June 6, 1796.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Smith, Samuel 1752- (search)
Smith, Samuel 1752- Military officer; born in Lancaster, Pa., July 27, 1752; went to Baltimore with his father in 1760, and, receiving a common school education, entered his father's counting-room in 1771. and soon afterwards visited Europe in one of his father's vessels. He joined a volunteer company, and became captain in Smallwood's regiment in January, 1776; was in the battle of Long Island; was distinguished on Harlem Plains; and was wounded at White Plains. Captain Smith was in the retreat of Washington to the Delaware late in 1776; was lieutenant-colonel of a Maryland regiment in 1777; fought at Brandywine; and immediately afterwards was placed in command of Fort Mifflin, which weak and exposed work he gallantly defended from Sept. 26 to Nov. 11 against a British naval and land force; and in that affray was severely wounded. In the ensuing winter he suffered at Valley Forge; took an active part in the battle of Monmouth; and continued to do duty as a colonel of militia
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State government. (search)
ly suppressed, and all the powers of government exerted, under authority from the people of the colonies, for the maintenance of internal peace and the defence of their lives, liberties, and properties against the hostile invasions and cruel depredations of their enemies. This was the first act of Congress in favor of absolute independence of Great Britain. The recommendation was generally followed, but not without opposition. New Hampshire had prepared a temporary State government in January, 1776. The royal charters of Rhode Island and Connecticut were considered sufficient for independent local self-government. New Jersey adopted a State constitution July 2, 1776; Virginia, July 5; Pennsylvania, July 15; Maryland, Aug. 14; Delaware, Sept. 20; North Carolina, Dec. 18: Georgia, Feb. 5, 1777; New York, April 20; South Carolina, March 19, 1778; and Massachusetts, March 2, 1780. For all practical purposes—even to the extent of alterations of the constitutions, except in a few St
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pennsylvania, (search)
iladelphia from England, giving up hope of reconciliation, after an absence of ten years......April, 1775 Second Continental Congress meets at Philadelphia......May 10, 1775 Committee of safety appointed, Franklin president......June 30, 1775 Pennsylvania instructs her delegates to the Continental Congress to dissent from and reject any proposition looking to a separation from England......November, 1775 Common sense, a pamphlet by Thomas Paine, published in Philadelphia......January, 1776 Assembly of Pennsylvania, under pressure of public opinion, rescinds the instructions to delegates in Congress......June 24, 1776 Declaration of Independence adopted by Congress, and announced in Philadelphia......July 4, 1776 [At a grand demonstration in Philadelphia, on July 8, John Nixon, one of the signers, read the Declaration to a vast concourse.] State convention assembles at Philadelphia and assumes the government of Pennsylvania......July 15, 1776 Franklin, one o
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