n of a palatine who settled on a tract called Burnet's Field, now in Herkimer county, N. Y. Nicholas was made a lieutenant of provincials in 1758, and was in command at Fort Herkimer during the attack of the French and Indians upon it that year.
In 1775 he was appointed colonel of the 1st Battalion of Tryon county militia.
He was also chairman of the county committee of safety; and in September, 1776, he was made brigadier-general by the provincial convention of New York.
He commanded the Tryon county militia in the battle at Oriskany (Aug. 6, 1777), where he was severely wounded in the leg by a bullet, and he bled to death in consequence of defective surgery, Aug. 16, 1777.
On Oct. 4 following the Continental Congress voted the erection of a monument to his memory of the value of $500. This amount was many years afterwards increased by Congress, private subscriptions, and the New York legislature to more than $10,000, and the monument in the form of an obelisk was erected in 1884.
-Colonel Barton July 10, 1777
Miss Jane McCrea captured by Indians in British employ at Fort Edward, N. Y., and shot and scalpedJuly 27, 1777
On the approach of Burgoyne General Schuyler evacuates Fort Edward, and retreats down the Hudson ValleyJuly 29, 1777
General Lafayette, who volunteers his services to Congress, is commissioned major-general July 31, 1777
Lafayette introduced to Washington in Philadelphia, and attached to his personal staff Aug. 3, 1777
Battle of Oriskany, N. Y. Aug. 6, 1777
Battle of Bennington, Vt. Aug. 16, 1777
Gen. Philip Schuyler succeeded by Gen. Horatio Gates in command of the Northern army Aug. 19, 1777
General Arnold sent to relieve Fort Schuyler, invested by British under St. Leger, who retreats and returns to Montreal Aug. 22, 1777
Battle of Brandywine, Washington defeatedSept. 11, 1777
Count Pulaski commissioned brigadier-general by Congress Sept. 15, 1777
Battle of Stillwater, N. Y.; indecisiveSept. 19, 1777
Three hundred of Wayne's tro
ss the Hudson to Saratoga, and thence to Stillwater; Burgoyne reaches the Hudson......July 29, 1777
St. Leger, co-operating with Burgoyne, advances from Montreal with a large force of Canadians and Indians; invests Fort Stanwix......Aug. 3, 1777
General Herkimer, with about 800 men, advances to the relief of Fort Stanwix; when within 6 miles of the fort, falls into an ambuscade at Oriskany, is mortally wounded, but repulses the enemy with aid from the fort under Colonel Willett......Aug. 6, 1777
Two detachments of British and Indians from Burgoyne's army, numbering about 500 men each, under Colonels Baume and Breyman, defeated by Gen. John Stark at Walloomsac......Aug. 16, 1777
Gen. Philip Schuyler superseded by Gen. Horatio Gates......Aug. 22, 1777
General Sullivan lands on Staten Island, surprises two regiments of Tories, and captures many prisoners......Aug. 22, 1777
St. Leger retreats from Fort Stanwix to Montreal before General Arnold, sent with three regiments b