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t I entertain the highest respect, I have no hesitation in declaring that the convictions of my own judgment are well settled, that no such principle was contemplated in the adoption of our Constitution. But, while it was impossible to concede the asserted right of Secession — that is, of State withdrawal at pleasure from the Union--(for, even if the Constitution is to be regarded as nothing more than a compact, it is evident — as Mr. Jefferson observed, Letter to Col. Carrington, April 4, 1787. in speaking of our old Articles of Confederation: When two parties make a compact, there results to each the power of compelling the other to execute it )--it is not impossible so to expound and apply the original, organic, fundamental right of a people to form and modify their political institutions, as to justify the Free States in consenting to the withdrawal from the Union of the Slave, provided it could be made to appear that such was the deliberate, intelligent, unconstrained desi
Rebellion Record: Introduction., Volume 1. (ed. Frank Moore), Introduction. (search)
hem. Every rational citizen must wish to see an effective instrument of coercion, and should fear to see it on any other element than the water. A naval force can never endanger our liberties nor occasion blood-shed; a land force would do both. In the following year, and when the Confederation was at its last gasp, Mr. Jefferson was still of the opinion that it possessed the power of coercing the States, and that it was expedient to exercise it. In a letter to Col. Carrington of the 4th of April, 1787, he says: It has been so often said as to be generally believed, that Congress have no power by the Confederation to enforce any thing, for instance, contributions of money. It was not necessary to give them that power expressly, they have it by the law of nature. When two parties make a compact, there results to each the power of compelling the other to execute it. Compulsion was never so easy as in our case, when a single frigate would soon levy on the commerce of a single State th
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Belknap, Jeremy, 1744- (search)
Belknap, Jeremy, 1744- Clergyman; born in Boston, June 4, 1744; was graduated at Harvard College in 1762; studied theology; taught school four years; was pastor of a church in Dover. N. H., from 1767 to 1786, and of the Federal Street Church, in Boston, from April 4, 1787, until his death. June 20, 1798. He founded the Massachusetts Historical Society; was an overseer of Harvard College; was a patriot during the war for independence, an opponent of African slavery, and a promoter of literature and science. He published a History of New Hampshire, 3 volumes (1784-92); a collection of Psalms and hymns (1795); The Foresters, a work of wit and humor (1792); American biography, 2 volumes (1794-98), besides sermons and other religious-writings.
a. 11 mos.; a dau. of Abijah, d. 5 Mar. 1839, a. 3 mos. 31. John, s. of John (12), styled 3d, m. Lydia Winship, of Lexington, 8 May, 1808; Lydia, w. of John, d. 9 Apr. 1834, a. 42 (g. s.), and he m. her sister Mrs. Hannah Johnson, 23 June, 1836. He was b. 12 Oct. 1785 (Camb. R.). Sarah W., his dau., m. Charles W. Cummings, of Boston, 17 Oct. 1824. Malvina, dau. of John, d. 24 Dec. 1835, a. 19. Had s. Thomas (par. 37). 32. Reuben, s. of John (12), d. 8 May, 1829, a (51). He was b. 4 Apr. 1787 (Camb. R. ), and m. Eunice Hovey, 17 Apr. 1813. 33. Samuel, S. of Seth (13), d. 25 July, 1822, a. 29 (g. s.). 34. Ephraim, s. of Ephraim (17), styled 3d; m. Abigail Dickson, of Camb., 4 Nov. 1821, who d. 9 Sept. 1828, a. 29 (g. s.). He m. Caroline Cutter, 10 June, 1829, W. C. Capt. Ephraim, d. 7 Dec. 1841, a. 47. Ann Elizabeth, dau. of Capt. Ephraim, d. 26 July, 1839, a. 8 (g. s.). See Cutter Book, 133, and Cutter (par. 23). 35. Henry, s. of Ephraim (17), m. Miranda Cutter, 18 No