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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 5 5 Browse Search
William Boynton, Sherman's Historical Raid 1 1 Browse Search
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William Boynton, Sherman's Historical Raid, Chapter 19: (search)
e Constitution the President is made Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States. The departments of war and of the navy are the channels through which his orders proceed to them respectively, and the secretaries of these departments are the organs by which he makes his will known to them. The orders issued by those officers are, in the contemplation of the law, not their orders, but the orders of the President of the United States.—[1 Opinions, 380. By the act of August 7, 1789, establishing the War Department, the duties of the Secretary of War are thus defined: There shall be an Executive Department, to be denominated the Department of War, and there shall be a principal officer therein to be called the Secretary for the Department of War, who shall perform and execute such duties as shall from time to time be enjoined on or intrusted to him by the President of the United States, agreeable to the Constitution relative to military commissions, or to the la
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cabinet, President's (search)
tom-houses. The Secretary is obliged to make a full report to Congress, at the opening of each regular session, of the business done by the department during the year, and the existing financial condition of the government. The department has an important bureau of statistics dealing with the foreign and domestic trade of the country. It also Seal of the War Department. supervises the life-saving service, and has control of the National Board of Health. The War Department dates from Aug. 7, 1789. John Knox was its first Secretary. It has in its charge all business growing out of the military affairs of the government, attends to the paying of troops, and furnishing all army supplies; also supervises the erection of forts, and all work of military engineering. The department is divided into a number of important bureaus, the chief officers of which are known as the commanding-general, the adjutant-general, the quartermaster-general, the paymaster-general, the commissary-general
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Light-house, (search)
Light-house, A structure built on the coast or shore of navigable waters, and furnished for the purpose of indicating a point of danger or to serve as a guide. The following is a brief summary of lighthouses in the United States: First coast light erected in1673 First light-house built on Little Brewster Island, Boston Harbor1715-16 The United States government accepted cession of all light-housesAug. 7, 1789 Control vested in commissioner of the revenueMay, 1792 Restored to Secretary of TreasuryApril 6, 1802 Vested again in the commissionerJuly 24, 1813 Vested in the fifth auditor of the treasuryJuly 1, 1820 Naval commission on light-house appointed in1837 Congressional investigation of light-house management, resulting in improvements1838-43 Navy commission sent to inspect European systems in1845 Fresnel system authorizedMarch 3, 1851 First light-house board appointedMay 21, 1851 Fresnel system generally introduced in1852 Permanent light-house board authorized
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Militia, United States (search)
Militia, United States The pressure of wars with the Indians in the Northwest forced Congress to undertake the organization of the militia throughout the Union. This was a difficult task, for at once there was a conflicting claim for authority in the matter between the national and State governments. The President called the attention of Congress to the subject on Aug. 7, 1789. Immediate action was taken. The matter was referred to a committee, but they did not report that session, and a new committee was appointed Jan. 15, 1790. A plan was arranged by General Knox, Secretary of War. A bill was offered on July 1, 1790, but there were no further proceedings on the subject during that session. Soon after the assembling of the third session of the first Congress, another committee was appointed (Dec. 10, 1790) by the House of Representatives, and a bill reported, but no result was reached at that session. The President, in his message at the opening of the second Congress, ca
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
pril 6, 1789 President takes the oath of office, New York......April 30, 1789 First tariff bill passes......July 4, 1789 Department of Foreign Affairs organized......July 27, 1789 Act organizing the War (and Navy) Department......Aug. 7, 1789 Gen. Arthur St. Clair appointed governor of the Northwest Territory......Aug. 7, 1789 Treasury Department organized......Sept. 2, 1789 This name is changed to State Department......Sept. 15, 1789 Post-office Department temporarily Aug. 7, 1789 Treasury Department organized......Sept. 2, 1789 This name is changed to State Department......Sept. 15, 1789 Post-office Department temporarily established......Sept. 22, 1789 Office of Attorney-General organized......Sept. 24, 1789 Supreme Court of the United States established, with John Jay, of New York, as chief-justice......September, 1789 Twelve Amendments to the Constitution submitted to the States for ratification......Sept. 25, 1789 [Ten of these ratified, taking effect Dec. 15, 1791.] Thomas Jefferson, of Virginia, the minister to France, appointed Secretary of State......Sept. 26, 1789 First session adjourns