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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 160 160 Browse Search
Lucius R. Paige, History of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1630-1877, with a genealogical register 24 24 Browse Search
Benjamin Cutter, William R. Cutter, History of the town of Arlington, Massachusetts, ormerly the second precinct in Cambridge, or District of Menotomy, afterward the town of West Cambridge. 1635-1879 with a genealogical register of the inhabitants of the precinct. 23 23 Browse Search
H. Wager Halleck , A. M. , Lieut. of Engineers, U. S. Army ., Elements of Military Art and Science; or, Course of Instruction in Strategy, Fortification, Tactis of Battles &c., Embracing the Duties of Staff, Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery and Engineers. Adapted to the Use of Volunteers and Militia. 22 22 Browse Search
Baron de Jomini, Summary of the Art of War, or a New Analytical Compend of the Principle Combinations of Strategy, of Grand Tactics and of Military Policy. (ed. Major O. F. Winship , Assistant Adjutant General , U. S. A., Lieut. E. E. McLean , 1st Infantry, U. S. A.) 22 22 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 17 17 Browse Search
HISTORY OF THE TOWN OF MEDFORD, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, FROM ITS FIRST SETTLEMENT, IN 1630, TO THE PRESENT TIME, 1855. (ed. Charles Brooks) 10 10 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 1, Colonial and Revolutionary Literature: Early National Literature: Part I (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 7 7 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Henry Walcott Boynton, Reader's History of American Literature 7 7 Browse Search
The Cambridge of eighteen hundred and ninety-six: a picture of the city and its industries fifty years after its incorporation (ed. Arthur Gilman) 6 6 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight). You can also browse the collection for 1809 AD or search for 1809 AD in all documents.

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t exists between such operations as this and those in which Mr. Ireland first engaged in the year 1809, when he, in common with many other founders, considered it a good day's work to melt a single tostem to the blossom end. The first patents recorded are those of Coates, 1803, and Cruttenden, 1809; gates added the quartering in 1810. The Patent-Office records perished in the fire of 1836. Webuckled together. The success of the French cuirassiers in the famous cavalry combat at Eckmuhl, 1809, was in a large degree owing to their wearing complete cuirasses, while the Austrians were only pshed flames in the same manner. See also Sir William Congreve's English patents Nos. 3201, 3606; 1809 and 1812. At-tached′ Column. (Architecture.) One partially imbedded in a wall. An inserterate, 1769. The automaton chess-player was also a deception, 1769. Maelzel made a trumpeter in 1809. An automaton speaking several sentences was exhibited in London about 1810. See Brewster's Nat
ntimely grave. Hammond (about 1768) modified a stocking-frame to make a coarse imitation of Brussels ground; this was the pin-machine. In 1784, the warp-frame was invented, for making warp-lace. In the next decade, the bobbin-frame. In 1809, Heathcote invented the bobbinet machine. This is a complicated machine, used in but few localities. The parts are very numerous, the motions intricate, and the machine cannot be readily explained within the limits admissible in this work. Boesent are formed in the lathe by means of an eccentric chuck and slide-rest. A number of patents for making covered buttons, which are in such extensive use for outer garments, have been taken out in England since the first patent of Sanders in 1809; but the general principles of construction of the more important kinds may be reduced to two: in one of these a metallic disk or shell is stamped out of thin sheet-iron, for the face part, and a smaller disk or collet, having a perforation for th
y instructed, and competent to see that the system is in working order at all times. The same system of piping used to extinguish fires may also be used to cleanse the rooms, as occasion may require. This system of protection against loss by fire, or rather mode of overcoming fire, by abundant ramifications of water-pipes throughout all the apartments and passages of a house, as well as upon the roof and walls, is thoroughly described in Sir William Congreve's English patents, No. 3201 of 1809, No. 3606 of 1812, and there seems but little to be added to his proposals where jets are by the turning of a plug caused to issue from center-piece, cornice, skirting-board, cave, comb, gable, and everywhere else. As this was before the era of water-mains, except in a few situations, the proposed supply was brought from cisterns on the roof or from pumps, and each floor or gallery had plugs by which the system of pipes of the respective stories were supplied. A large flax-manufactory, to
a mural attachment, as in the case of the mural circle, for measuring arcs of the meridian. The instrument is permanently attached to a perpendicular wall. Mu-sette′. (Music.) A name by which the bagpipes are known among some of the European conti- nental nations. Named from a mountebank performer. Mush′room—an′chor. An anchor with a central shank and a head like a mushroom, so that it can grasp the soil however it may happen to fall. Invented by Hemman of Chatham, England, 1809. See anchor. That used by the United States Lighthouse Board for anchoring buoys is shaped like an inverted saucer, having a shackle and chain attached to the center of its convex side. The chain is just long enough to give the buoy sufficient prominence above the surface and allow for the rise and fall of tides. Mushroom-anchor. It imbeds itself in the ground, offering a strong resistance to an upward pull and not a little to a lateral one. a, can-buoy with anchor. b, n
Open-work fabric for curtains or screens. See musquito-canopy, etc. Net′ting-ma-chine′. Lace is said to have been first made by machinery in 1768 by Hammond, a stocking-weaver of Nottingham, England, who invented what was known as the pin-machine, for making single-press point-lace in imitation of Brussels ground. The warp-frame for making warp-lace was introduced in 1782. The first attempt to make bobbinet by machinery was in 1799, but no successful machine was produced prior to 1809, when Heathcote patented his machine, in which, by means of bobbins, a series of diagonal weft-threads are passed around and intertwisted with the parallel threads of the warp. Many subsequent improvements were made on this machine, which has been variously modified to produce different kinds of netted fabrics, among which we may enumerate — The bobbinet-machine.Traverse-warp machine. Lever-machine.Twist-machine. Straight-bolt machine.Pusher-machine. Circular-bolt machine. The war<
es are represented. Two hundred and ninety-nine Fourdrinier machines were running in the United States in 1872. In 1809, Mr. Dickenson, an English paper-maker, invented the cylinder machine, in which a polished hollow brass cylinder, perforaty. The introduction of threads, net, or other woven material into the paper is described in Dickenson's English patent, 1809. In the machine-made papers the trouble of assorting, trimming, and hanging up to dry is entirely avoided, a perfectly nabled it to perform a greater amount of work. 1806. Francis Guy of Baltimore obtained a patent for paper carpeting. 1809. The cylinder machine invented by Dickenson, an English paper-maker. 1817. High glazing introduced by Heath; also Engli the originator of the undulatory theory of light, published in 1804 some important researches on the chemical rays. In 1809, Gay Lussac and Thenard made the exceedingly valuable observation, that a mixture of chlorie and hydrogen did not combine
98, and others, had prophesied, proposed, or tried steam navigation. The modes of propulsion were applied in the following order as to date:— Hydraulic propeller1730 Stern paddle-wheel1737 Artificial fins1757 Screw1785 Side paddle-wheels1787 Duck's-foot side paddle-wheel1788 Middle paddle-wheel1789 Sets of reciprocating paddles1789 Destruction of Denys Papin's steamboat in 1695, by the Bargemen of the Seine (by Figuier). See list under steam. See also propeller, pages 1808, 1809. Fig. 5605 shows a view of Papin's boat as it existed in the imagination of M. Figuier. It is next to impossible to exaggerate the merits of M Denys Papin of Blois, but it will not be safe to warrant the illustration given by his lively countryman. The device of using wheels instead of oars, the propelling power being men or animals, was employed by the Egyptians and Romans in their war-galleys. When the Romans passed over to Sicily they were transported thither in ships moved by whe
of Tchesme, and destroyed the fortifications by the shock of the explosion. In 1804 the loaded catamarans of Fulton were used by the English against the French fleet off Boulogne. But little damage was done. The experiments were repeated again and again against Le Forte Rouge at Calais, 1804 (Fulton blew up the brig Dorothea in Walmer Roads, October, 1805. See Fulton's Torpedo war, and Torpedoes, their invention and use, by W. R. King, U. S. A., 1866, Plates XVIII., XIX.); Rochefort, 1809: the pontoon bridges of the French on the Danube, at Essling; in 1813, by the Austrians in attempting to destroy the bridges across the Elbe at Koenigstein. About 1843 Colonel S. Colt constructed a torpedo with which he blew up a ship in the Eastern Branch of the Potomac River, near the Washington Navy Yard; it is believed that the most important feature of this consisted in the application of electro-magnetism as a means of exploding the contained powder. Torpedoes were extensively emp
Fig. 7319, d, shows one of the wooden arches, 49 feet in span, over the Thames, at Kingston. This approaches in form the continuous curved rib, which is, however, a more solid construction, being built up of pieces, arranged to break-joints, and bolted together, so as to act as a solid mass (Figs 312-316). This principle has been adopted in many bridges of considerable magnitude, both in Europe and America, among others that over the Regnitz, near Bomberg, designed by Wiebeking, and built in 1809 (e, Fig. 7319). The celebrated wooden bridge over the Rhine, at Schaffhausen, erected in 1757, had a span of 364 feet. A stone pier, the relic of a former structure, existed near the middle of the stream, but it is said that the builder. Ulric Grubenmann, though erecting the bridge directly over this pier, in deference to the timidity of the authorities, apparently using it for a, central support, purposely took care that the bridge should not rest upon it. The bridge was destroyed by the