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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 5 5 Browse Search
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1. 2 2 Browse Search
Raphael Semmes, Memoirs of Service Afloat During the War Between the States 1 1 Browse Search
Col. O. M. Roberts, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 11.1, Texas (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 1 1 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 36. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 1 1 Browse Search
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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 10: Peace movements.--Convention of conspirators at Montgomery. (search)
n front of the portico of the State House. Davis and Stephens, with the Rev. Dr. Manly, riding in an open barouche, and followed by a large concourse of State officials and citizens, moved from the Exchange Hotel to the Capitol, while cannon were thundering. The eminence on which the Capitol stands was crowded at an early hour. It is said that so grand a spectacle had not been seen in the Slave. labor States since the ovation given in New Orleans to the victorious General Jackson, in January, 1815. At one o'clock in the afternoon, after a prayer by Dr. Manly, Davis commenced pronouncing his Inaugural Address. He defended the right of secession; and he declared that, moved by no interest or passion to invade the rights of others, and anxious to cultivate peace and commerce with the nations, if they could not hope to avoid war, they might at least expect that posterity would acquit them of having needlessly engaged in it. Doubly justified, he said, by the absence of wrong on the
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 14: the great Uprising of the people. (search)
m and to promote enlistments, while they justified the charge of the Union men, that those pretended dispatches, and a host of others, originated in New Orleans. Around the bulletin-boards were exultant crowds, sometimes huzzaing loudly; and at the usual hour for Divine Service, the solemn music of the church bells tolling was mingled with the lively melody of the fife and drum. A sturdy old negro, named Jordan Noble, celebrated in New Orleans as a drummer at the battle near there in January, 1815, and who went as such to Mexico under General Taylor, was now drumming for the volunteers. He accompanied New Orleans troops to Virginia, and was at the first battle of Bull's Run. Many citizens were seen wearing the secession rosette and badge; and small secession flags fluttered from many a window. The banner of the so-called Southern Confederacy--the Stars and bars See page 256. We protest against the word stripes, as applied to the broad bars of the flag of our Confederacy. T
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Adair, John, 1759-1840 (search)
Adair, John, 1759-1840 Military officer; born in Chester county, S. C., in 1759. He served in the Continental army during the Revolution, and in the wars against the frontier Indians in 1791-93. He was United States Senator in Congress in 1805-6; and as volunteer aide to General Shelby at the battle of the Thames, in 1813, he showed much bravery and skill. He distinguished himself as commander of the Kentucky troops in the battle of New Orleans, in January, 1815. From 1820 to 1824 he was governor of Kentucky, having served in the legislature of that State; and from 1831 to 1833 was a Representative in Congress. He died in Harrodsburg, Ky., May 19, 1840.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bank of the United States. (search)
2 per cent. premium over the par value. The finances of the country were in a wretched state at the close of the war, in 1815. The local banks had all suspended specie payments, and there was very little of other currency than depreciated bank-notes. There was universal dissatisfaction, and the people clamored for another United States Bank as a cure for financial evils. One was chartered in the spring of 1816 (April 3). A bill to that effect had been vetoed by President Madison in January, 1815; now it received his willing signature. Its charter was for twenty years, and its capital was $35,000,000, of which amount the United States subscribed $7,000,000, and the remaining $28,000,000 by individuals. The creation of this bank compelled the State banks to resume specie payments or wind up. Many of them were aided in resumption by the great bank, but many, after a struggle more or less prolonged, closed their doors. Of the 246 State banks, with an aggregate capital of about $9
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Decatur, Stephen, 1779- (search)
, 1812, for which Congress gave him a gold medal. the Macedonian was a new ship, rated at thirty-six, but carrying forty-nine guns. She was badly cut in the fight, and Decatur thought best to order his prize to Newport, while he returned in the United States to New London. Both vessels sailed into New York harbor on New Year's Day, 1813. The Corporation gave Decatur the freedom of the city, and requested his portrait for the picture-gallery in the City Hall, where it still hangs. In January, 1815, after a running fight, the President, his flagship, was captured by a British squadron; Kalorama Algiers in 1812. and a few months later he was sent to the Mediterranean, and compelled the government of Algiers to relinquish its barbarous conduct towards other powers and to pay for American property destroyed (see Algiers). He was appointed a navy commissioner in November, 1815, and made his residence in the fine mansion of Kalorama, about a mile from Georgetown, built by Joel Barl
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Nicholson, William Carmichael 1800-1872 (search)
Nicholson, William Carmichael 1800-1872 Naval officer; born in Maryland in 1800; was appointed a midshipman in July, 1812; served under Decatur on the President when that ship was forced to surrender to the British in the engagement near Long Island in January, 1815. Nicholson was taken to England and released at the conclusion of peace. He was in command of the steam frigate Roanoke in 1861, and was on special duty till 1866. He died in Philadelphia, July 25, 1872.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), War of 1812, (search)
intensely fatal, the conspirators made arrangements with agents of the government authorities of Lower Canada, whereby a very large amount of British government bills, drawn on Quebec, were transmitted to New York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore, and offered on such advantageous terms that capitalists were induced to purchase them. By this means an immense amount of gold was transmitted to Canada, and so placed beyond the reach of the government and put into the hands of the enemy. In January, 1815, Alexander J. Dallas, Secretary of the Treasury, in a report to Congress, laid bare the poverty of the national treasury. The year had closed with $19,000,000 unpaid debts, to meet which there was a nominal balance in the treasury of less than $2,000,000 and about $4,500,000 of uncollected taxes. For the next year's services $50,000,000 would be required. The total revenue, including the produce of the new taxes, was estimated at about $11,000,000—$10,000,000 from taxes, and only $1,0
fecting the sovereignty of the State, and liberties of the people, it is not only the right, but the duty, of each State to interpose its authority for their protection, in the manner best calculated to secure that end. When emergencies occur, which are either beyond the reach of judicial tribunals, or too pressing to admit of the delay incident to their forms, States, which have no common umpire, must be their own judges, and execute their own decisions. These proceedings took place in January, 1815. A deputation was appointed to lay the complaints of New England before the Federal Government, and there is no predicting what might have occurred, if the delegates had not found, that peace had been declared, when they arrived at Washington. It thus appears, that from 1803-4 to 1815, New England was constantly in the habit of speaking of the dissolution of the Union—her leading men deducing this right from the nature of the compact between the States. It is curious and instructive
he confusion on the right from becoming disastrous. On May 13, 1864, Gen. E. Kirby Smith assigned Col. Richard Waterhouse to duty with the rank of brigadiergen-eral, to date from April 30, 1864, subject to the approval of the President. The faithful military service of General Waterhouse ceased only with the downfall of the Confederacy. Since then he has been a citizen of Texas. Brigadier-General Thomas N. Waul Brigadier-General Thomas N. Waul was born in Sumter district, S. C., January, 1815. After being educated at the university of South Carolina he removed to Mississippi, and studied law at Vicksburg, under the celebrated statesman and orator, Sergeant S. Prentiss. Well equipped for the battle of life, he began practice in 1835. His success in his profession was rapid and he became a judge of the circuit court in Mississippi. He moved to Texas, and was soon in the front rank of his profession in the new State. The questions that had long divided the North and South,
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 36. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.14 (search)
h their artillery, in repulsing the enemy. There are some kind appreciations of the battalion of colored freemen, whose intrepidity is commended. The manuscript is wholly written in French, and is supposed to have been drafted by L. M. Raynaud, Adjutant of the Battalion of Orleans Volunteers. The translation is as follows: Roster of the Battalion of The Volunteers of Orleans Which Took Such a Glorious Part in the Defense of New Orleans Against the English In December, 1814, and January, 1815. The Battalion of Orleans Volunteers distinguished itself by its bravery and patriotism during the invasion of Louisiana by the English Army in 1814 and 1815, participated in all the skirmishes and in the final battle, and by its discipline and the promptness of the maneuvers turned the tide of fortune in favor of the American arms, in the bloody fight of the 28th to 30th December, 1814, and the combats of Jan. I and 8, and aided in the entire defeat of that powerful and numerous Bri