Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for 1820 AD or search for 1820 AD in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), MacKENZIEenzie, Sir Alexander 1755-1820 (search)
MacKENZIEenzie, Sir Alexander 1755-1820 Explorer; born in Inverness. Scotland, about 1755; was early engaged in the fur-trade in Canada. He set out to explore the vast wilderness northward in June, 1789, having spent a year previously in England studying astronomy and navigation. At the western part of the Great Slave Lake he entered a river in an unexplored wilderness, and gave his name to it. Its course was followed until July 12, when his voyage was terminated by ice and he returned to his place of departure, Fort Chippewayan. He had reached lat. 69° 1′ N. In October, 1792, He crossed the continent to the Pacific Ocean, which he reached in July, 1793, in lat. 51° 21′ N. He returned, went to England, and published (1801) Voyages from Montreal, on the River St. Lawrence, through the continent of North America, to the frozen and Pacific oceans, in the years 1789 and 1793, with excellent maps. He was knighted in 1802, and died in Dalhousie, Scotland, March 12,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), MacKENZIEenzie, William Lyon 1795- (search)
MacKENZIEenzie, William Lyon 1795- Journalist; born in Dundee, Scotland, March 12, 1795; kept a circulating library near Dundee when he was seventeen years of age, and was afterwards clerk to Lord Lonsdale, in England. He went to Canada in 1820, where he was engaged successfully in the book and drug trade in Toronto. He entered political life in 1823; edited the Colonial advocate (1824-33) and was a natural agitator. He criticised the government party, and efforts to suppress his paper failed. Rioters destroyed his office in 1826, and the people, whose cause he advocated, elected him to the Canadian Parliament. Five times he was expelled from that body for alleged libels in his newspaper, and was as often re-elected, until finally the Assembly got rid of him by refusing to issue a writ for a new election. He went to England in 1832, with a petition of grievances to the home government. In 1836 Toronto was incorporated a city, and Mackenzie was chosen its first mayor. He eng
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), McNab, Sir Allan Napier 1798-1862 (search)
McNab, Sir Allan Napier 1798-1862 Military officer; born in Niagara, Ontario, Canada, Feb. 19, 1798. His father was the principal aide on the staff of General Simcoe during the Revolutionary War. Allan became a midshipman in 1813, in the British fleet on Lake Ontario, but soon left the navy and joined the army. He commanded the British advanced guard at the battle of Plattsburg; practised law at Hamilton, Ontario, after the war, and was in the Canadian Parliament in 1820, being chosen speaker of the Assembly. In 1837-38 he commanded the militia on the Niagara frontier, and was a conspicuous actor in crushing the rebellion. He sent a party to destroy the American vessel Caroline, and for his services at that period he was knighted (see Canada). After the union of Upper and Lower Canada, in 1841, he became speaker of the legislature. He was prime minister under the governorship of Lord Elgin and Sir Edmund Head, and in 1860 was a member of the legislative council. He died at T
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), McNair, Alexander 1774- (search)
McNair, Alexander 1774- Military officer; born in Derry, Pa., in 1774; served in the whiskey insurrection as a lieutenant in 1794; appointed a lieutenant in the regular army in 1799; mustered out in 1800; removed to Missouri in 1804, where he was appointed United States commissary, and in 1812 adjutant and inspectorgeneral. He was the first governor of Missouri, serving from 1820 to 1824, when he re-entered the service of the United States as Indian agent.
Maine, This most easterly State in the Union was admitted in 1820. Its shores were first visited by Europeans under Bartholomew Gosnold (1602) and Martin Pring (1603), though it is possible the studies is the English language. See United States, Maine, in vol. IX. governors. (Prior to 1820 Maine was a part of Massachusetts.) Name.Term. William King1820 to 1821 William D. Williamso1820 to 1821 William D. Williamson1821 Albion K. Parris1822 to 1826 Enoch Lincoln1827 to 1829 Nathan Cutler1829 Jonathan G. Hutton1830 to 1831 Samuel Emerson Smith1831 to 1833 Robert P. Dunlap1834 to 1837 Edward Kent1838 to 18. Hill1901 to — United States Senators. Name.No. of Congress.Term. John Chandler16th to 20th1820 to 1829 John Holmes16th to 19th1820 to 1827 Albion K. Parris20th1828 John Holmes20th to 22d 181820 to 1827 Albion K. Parris20th1828 John Holmes20th to 22d 1829 to 1833 Peleg Sprague21st to 23d1830 to 1835 John Ruggles23d to 26th 1835 to 1841 Ether Shepley23d to 24th1835 to 1836 Judah Dana24th1836 to 1837 Reuel Williams25th to 28th1837 to 1843 George
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Martin, Luther 1748-1826 (search)
ntil 1778, when he was attorney-general. He had been a member of a committee to oppose the claims of Great Britain in 1774, and wrote essays and made addresses on the topics of the day. In 1784-85 he was in Congress, and was a member of the convention which framed the national Constitution, the adoption of which he opposed, because it did not sufficiently recognize the equality of the States. He was a defender of Judge Chase when he was impeached, and in 1807 he was one of the successful defendants of Aaron Burr, his personal friend, in his trial for treason, at Richmond. In 1813 Mr. Martin was made chief-justice of the court of oyer and terminer in Baltimore, and in 1818 he again became attorney-general of Maryland. He was stricken with paralysis in 1820, and in 1822 he took refuge with Aaron Burr in New York, broken in health and fortune. Judge Martin was a violent political partisan, and savagely attacked Jefferson and the Democratic party. He died in New York, July 10, 1826.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Maryland, State of. (search)
to 1801 John F. Mercer1802 to 1803 Robert Bowie1804 to 1805 Robert Wright1806 to 1808 Edward Lloyd1809 to 1810 Robert Bowie1811 to 1812 Levin Winder1813 to 1814 Charles Ridgely1815 to 1817 Charles W. Goldsborough1818 to 1819 Samuel Sprigg1820 to 1822 Samuel Stevens, Jr1823 to 1825 Joseph Kent1826 to 1828 Daniel Martin1829 Governors under the Constitution—Continued. Name.Term. Thomas K. Carroll1830 Daniel martin1831 George Howard1831 to 1832 James Thomas1833 to 1835 Thomas8th to 13th1803 to 1815 Philip Reed9th to 12th1806 to 1813 Robert Henry Goldsborough13th to 15th1813 to 1819 Robert G. Harper14th1816 Alexander C. Hanson14th to 15th1817 to 1819 Edward Lloyd16th to 19th1819 to 1826 William Pinkney16th to 17th1820 to 1822 Samuel Smith17th1822 Ezekiel F. Chambers19th to 23d1826 to 1834 Joseph Kent23d to 25th1833 to 1837 Robert Henry Goldsborough23d to 24th1835 to 1836 John S. Spence24th to 26th1835 to 1840 William D. Merrick25th to 28th1838 to 1845 Jo
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Mason, James Murray (search)
Mason, James Murray Legislator; born on Mason's Island, Fairfax co., Va., Nov. 3, 1798; graduated at the University of Pennsylvania in 1818; began the practice of law in 1820; served in the Virginia House of Delegates from 1826 to 1832, was a member of Congress from 1837 to 1839; and United States Senator from 1847 until expelled in July. 1861. Senator Mason was the author of the fugitive slave law (q. v.); an active leader in the disunion movement in 1860-61; and a member of the Confederate Congress. He died near Alexandria, Va., April 28, 1871. Early in the career of the Confederate government they sent diplomatic agents to European courts who proved to be incompetent. Then the government undertook to correct the mistake by sending two of their ablest men to represent their cause at the courts of Great Britain and France respectively. These were James M. James Murray Mason. Mason, of Virginia, and John Slidell, of Louisiana, who was deeply interested in the scheme for
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Massachusetts, (search)
t that appeared, the questions at issue might be adjusted by peaceful negotiations. The politicians of the State were chiefly instrumental in getting up the Hartford convention (q. v.), and George Cabot, of Massachusetts, was its president. In 1820 the District of Maine was separated from Massachusetts, and admitted into the Union as a State. During the Civil War Massachusetts furnished to the National army and navy 159,165 men, and the losses were 3,749 killed in battle, 9,086 who died fro1808 to 1811 Joseph B. Varnum12th to 14th1811 to 1817 Christopher Gore13th to 14th1813 to1816 Eli P. Ashmun14th to 15th1816 to 1816 Prentiss Mellen15th to 16th1818 to 1820 Harrison Gray Otis15th to 17th1817 to 1822 Elijah H. Mills16th to 19th1820 to 1827 James Lloyd17th to 19th1822 to 1826 Nathaniel Silsbee19th to 23d1826 to 1835 Daniel Webster20th to 26th1827 to 1841 John Davis24th to 26th1835 to 1840 Rufus Choate26th to 28th1841 to 1845 Isaac C. Bates26th to 28th1841 to 1845 Danie
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Memminger, Charles Gustavus 1803- (search)
Memminger, Charles Gustavus 1803- Financier; born in Wurtemberg, Germany, Jan. 9, 1803; was taken to Charleston, S. C., in infancy; graduated at South Carolina College in 1820, and began to practise law in 1826. In the nullification movement in South Carolina (see nullification) he was a leader of the Union men. In 1860 he was a leader of the Confederates in that State, and on the formation of the Confederate government was made Secretary of the Treasury. He had been for nearly twenty years at the head of the finance committee of the South Carolina legislature. He died March 7, 1888. In January, 1860, as a representative of the political leaders in South Carolina, he appeared before the legislature of Virginia as a special commissioner to enlist the representatives of the Old Dominion in a scheme to combat the abolitionists. In the name of South Carolina, he proposed a convention of the slave-labor States to consider their grievances and to take action for their defence.
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