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Document Max. Freq Min. Freq
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 180 180 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 28 28 Browse Search
Lucius R. Paige, History of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1630-1877, with a genealogical register 27 27 Browse Search
George P. Rowell and Company's American Newspaper Directory, containing accurate lists of all the newspapers and periodicals published in the United States and territories, and the dominion of Canada, and British Colonies of North America., together with a description of the towns and cities in which they are published. (ed. George P. Rowell and company) 24 24 Browse Search
Benjamin Cutter, William R. Cutter, History of the town of Arlington, Massachusetts, ormerly the second precinct in Cambridge, or District of Menotomy, afterward the town of West Cambridge. 1635-1879 with a genealogical register of the inhabitants of the precinct. 18 18 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 2 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 13 13 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 3 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 12 12 Browse Search
HISTORY OF THE TOWN OF MEDFORD, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, FROM ITS FIRST SETTLEMENT, IN 1630, TO THE PRESENT TIME, 1855. (ed. Charles Brooks) 10 10 Browse Search
Medford Historical Society Papers, Volume 25. 7 7 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 1, Colonial and Revolutionary Literature: Early National Literature: Part I (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 5 5 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight). You can also browse the collection for 1822 AD or search for 1822 AD in all documents.

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erefrom. It is operated by clock-work mechanism. 2. A form of lifting-jack, so called from its resembling a bottle in shape. Bot′tle-molding. (Glass.) A process adopted with most kinds of merchantable bottles of staple kinds. The bulb of glass on the end of the blowtube is partially expanded, and then placed between the parts of an iron mold which is open to receive it. The parts are closed and locked, and the bulb then expanded by the breath to completely fill the mold. In 1822, Rickets, of Bristol, England, obtained a patent for a bottle-molding apparatus, comprising a frame for holding and operating a bottle-mold. The mold consisted of a die for forming the body of the bottle, a two-part die for forming its top, and a plunger for shaping its bottom; these are reciprocated by means of treadles and levers. The frame is adapted to be used with dies of various sizes and shapes. The molten glass is blown out, so as to fill the mold in the ordinary way. Bot′tle-pu<
than was then customary. This form was somewhat modified in the shell-guns of Colonel Paixhans, of the French army, about 1822, which found their way into the United States land-service at a later period under the name of sea-coast howitzers. Expces which form by mutual contact an actual stay, or form sockets for stay-pins. p p are links of Sowerby's chain-cable, 1822, which are bent inward at the middle, where they are stayed by a block s, secured by a riveted pin. The projections c c argines. Such a ferry-bridge used to cross the Itchen River, Hampshire, England. The chain pier of Brighton was erected in 1822. The chains of Hungerford Bridge, London, were moved to Clifton, near Bristol, and now span the Avon. The span is 720 feat the muzzle than the guns theretofore in use, and was the precursor of the Paixhan gun of the French army (introduced in 1822), the Dahlgren, and the Rodman. Co-lum′bi-er. A size of drawing-paper measuring 34 1/2 × 23 inches, and weighing 10
d Lee, Manchester, the light being estimated as equal to 3,000 candles. This was the largest undertaking up to that date. In 1807, Winsor lighted one side of Pall Mall, London; the first street lighting. Westminster Bridge was lighted in 1813. Houses of Parliament, London, in the same year. Streets of London generally, 1815. Streets of Paris, the same year. James McMurtrie proposed to light streets of Philadelphia, 1815. Baltimore commenced the use of gas, 1816. Boston, 1822. New York City, 1825. The Newton gas-well, six miles from Titusville, Pa., discharges at the rate of three millions of cubic feet of gas every day of twenty-four hours. The gas issues under a pressure of from twenty to thirty pounds per square inch, and for the most part goes to waste. Pipes have been laid to Titusville, and two hundred and fifty dwelling-houses, shops, etc., are now supplied with the gas for illumination and fuel. For heating purposes it is admirable, but for illuminat
horizon. It has a general dependence upon the latitude, but varies from local causes. See Dippingneedle. Inclin-a-to′ri-um. The dipping-needle invented by Norman, of London. See dipping-needle, also magnetometer. In-clined′--cyl′in-der steam-en′gine. A form of direct-action steam-engine, in which two cylinders are placed in a frame so as to work at an angle to each other, the connecting rods giving motion to the same crank. It was invented by Brunel, and patented by him in 1822. Brunel's inclined-cylinder steam-engine. a a is a strong triangular frame of cast-iron, within which are fixed the two cylinders b b. Mr. Brunel preferred that the angle formed by the axes of the cylinders should be 102°. d d are the connecting rods attached to the crank e, which gives motion to the paddle-shaft. The piston-rods are supported upon rollers, which traverse on guide-plates to preserve their parallel motion during the stroke. In the small cylinders g g are piston-val
gage the head of the mandrel. The perforated steel plate or whirtle is held in a cross-bearer above the bench. This mode is shown at g. Fig. 2857, and is described in Wilkinson's specification, English patent, 1790. Instead of the plate, a series of rolls may be employed, gradually diminishing in size, successively reducing the diameter of its exterior, while the mandrel maintains the uniformity of its bore. The first machine for pressing lead-pipe was patented in England by Hague, in 1822. The melted lead was forced through a circular throat whose axis was occupied by a mandrel. The lead was driven through at such a rate that it solidified by exposure to cold surfaces. By another plan, the lead is cast into a short heavy cylinder, and the ingot is forced through a throat at the lower end by the exertion of considerable force upon the piston which fits in the cylinder. This would make a round bar, but occupying an axial position in the middle of the throat is a mandrel, whi
l name given to double harness in England. Paix′han gun. A large chambered shell-gun, so called from Colonel Paixhan of the French army, who introduced it in 1822. Guns of this kind of the caliber of 8 and 10 inches, known as sea-coast howitzers, formerly constituted a part of the armament of coast fortifications in the U 1842. Caps were invented in England in 1814 by Joshua Shaw. He came to the United States for the purpose of procuring a patent, but was refused as an alien. In 1822, he patented a percussion-lock; in 1828, the percussion-wafer primer. He subsequently received $17,000 from the United States government for his improvements, andtman-rod to g. l is the fly. Adams press. The first power-printing machine in the United States was the invention of Daniel Treadwell, of Boston, in the year 1822. Two of these machines were set up in New York City, one in the printinghouse of the American Bible Society, and another in that of the American tract Society. T
eeded and probably never made. The first reciprocating knife was in 1822. As to the mode of attaching the horses it was almost universallyteam in front of the implement: one was in 1806; the others in 1820, 1822, 1823. As soon as this idea did occur to the inventors, they made machine used in this country, and patented by Bailey (Fig. 4200) in 1822 was of this character. Two machines by Smith, of Deanstone, in Engs. The forward draft was also adopted by Mann in 1820, and by Ogle, 1822, in his reciprocating cutter-bar machine. 1807. Salmon had a machep the standing grain past the cutter, and deliver it in a swath. 1822. Ogle shows the first reciprocating knife-bar. It is the type of thep the gavel. The first dropper. Bailey's American mowing-machine (1822). The machines previously mentioned are British. Fig. 4201 reprarpening mowing-machine, the first patented in the United States, in 1822. It has a circular revolving scythe on a vertical axis, rotated by
l, which seems to have been first made by Faraday and Stodart, about 1822, and which was soon taken up by the cuttlers of Sheffield for fine r Melville, in 1752, noticed the yellow flame due to sodia; and in 1822 Sir John Herschel remarked that the colors contributed by different es of that class, gave a great impulse to the steel-pen manufacture, 1822. Previous to his entering the business the pens were cut out with s as a fireplacestove, with three mica windows. Stratton, 1817 and 1822 (Fig. 5916), are other instances; the latter being much like James Wof the magazine-cylinder. Magazine-furnaces. (Stratton, 1817 and 1822.) Sexton, in 1856 (p, Fig. 5920), had a covered fuel-cylinder inbing the pavement. The plan was proposed by Williams in London in 1822, and has been adopted in Paris. See sewer. In Fig, 6040, A reprrine-pump. Brunel's surface-condenser was patented in England in 1822, and consists of clusters of pipes communicating with steammains and
-divi, from Caraccas in 1768. Catechu at a much later period. Steam-heating vats seem to have originated in America, but formed the subject of a French patent of 1822. The quick process was proposed by McBride in 1759, but he extracted the tanning material with lime-water. It was not until 1793-95 that the active principle reqel's 7, 10, and 20 foot reflectors were made about 1779 He discovered Uranus, March 21, 1781. In 1779, he completed his 40-foot telescope, which was taken down in 1822. The largest instrument of this class ever made was erected by Lord Rosse on his estate at Parsonstown, Ireland, in 1842. The diameter of the speculum is 6 fer machine each sort has its peculiar nick, and the process of selection is automatic. A machine for this purpose was patented in England, by William Church, in 1822. No. 4,664. It is for an apparatus for casting the printing types, and also of arranging them in boxes of letters, so that the types of the same denomination are