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ometimes known as the Second Corps, had an aggregate present of nearly twelve thousand. It displayed great activity in Tennessee, making numerous raids and guarding the flanks of the army. After the battle of Chickamauga, it made a famous raid on Rosecrans' communications, October, 1863. It also operated on the flanks of the army during the Atlanta and other campaigns until the close of the war. Lieutenant-General Joseph Wheeler (U. S. M.A. 1859) was born in Augusta, Georgia, September 10, 1836, and entered the mounted infantry, resigning, in 1861, to join the Confederate army, in which he reached the rank of major-general (January, 1863), and commander of the Second Cavalry Corps, Army of Tennessee. He was conspicuous as a raider, and was constantly employed in guarding the flanks of the army, cutting the Federal communications, covering retreats, and obtaining information for the army commanders. He was appointed lieutenant-general, February 28, 1865. After the war, he w
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Wheeler, Joseph 1836- (search)
Wheeler, Joseph 1836- Military officer; born in Augusta, Ga., Sept. 10, 1836; graduated at the United States Military Academy in 1859; was assigned to the cavalry and served till 1861, when he resigned to enter the Confederate army, in which he became major-general and senior commander of cavalry. During the Civil War he was conspicuous as a raider. On Oct. 2, 1863, when Bragg's chief of cavalry, he crossed the Tennessee River at Bridgeport with about 4,000 mounted men, pushed up the Sequatchie Valley, and burned a National supply-train of nearly 1,000 wagons on its way to Chattanooga. Just as he had finished his destructive work, Col. E. M. McCook attacked him. The battle continued until night, when Wheeler, discomfited, moved off in the darkness and attacked another supply-train at McMinnville. This was captured and destroyed, and 600 men were made prisoners. Then, after the mischief was done, he was attacked (Oct. 4) by Gen. George Crook, with 2,000 cavalry. There was a
Hon. J. L. M. Curry , LL.D., William Robertson Garrett , A. M. , Ph.D., Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 1.1, Legal Justification of the South in secession, The South as a factor in the territorial expansion of the United States (ed. Clement Anselm Evans), Biographical: officers of civil and military organizations. (search)
he survivors of the army. Lieutenant-General Joseph Wheeler Lieutenant-General Joseph Wheeler, soldier and statesman, beloved by his soldiers, and claimed with pride by the two great States of his birth and adoption, was characterized by President Davis as one of the ablest, bravest and most skillful of cavalry commanders, an opinion fully concurred in by the great military leaders of the South, and since confirmed by the verdict of critical history. He was born at Augusta, Ga., September 10, 1836, and was graduated at the United States military academy in 1859, with promotion to second-lieutenant of dragoons. At first assigned to duty at the Carlisle cavalry school, he was thence transferred to New Mexico. February 21, 1861, he resigned his Federal commission, and reaching Augusta in March, he was appointed first-lieutenant, corps of artillery, C. S. A. In this service he was stationed at Pensacola, and in September was promoted to colonel of the Nineteenth Alabama infantry r
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 24. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The battle of Shiloh. (search)
anguinary engagement. written by General Joseph Wheeler, now Member of Congress, who commanded a brigade and made a famous charge at Shiloh under the Direction of General Albert Sidney Johnston. The following article on the battle of Shiloh was written by General Joseph Wheeler, now representing the Eighth Alabama district in the House of Representatives. Although now sixty years of age, General Wheeler is one of the most active members of that body. He was born at Augusta, Ga., September 10, 1836, graduated at West Point in 1859, was lieutenant of cavalry and served in New Mexico; resigned in 1861; entered the Confederate army as lieutenant of artillery and was successively promoted to the command of a regiment, brigade, division, army corps; in 1862 he was assigned to command the army corps of cavalry of the western army, in which position he continued until the close of the war. By joint resolution of the Confederate Congress he was thanked for successful military operations
The Daily Dispatch: January 11, 1864., [Electronic resource], The army of Tennessee and its Generals. (search)
The army of Tennessee and its Generals. [from our own Correspondent.] Thomaston, Ga., Jan. 1st, 1864. Major-General Joseph Wheeler. This modest and excellent officer was born in Augusta, Ga., on the 10th of September, 1836, and is consequently only twenty-seven years of age. Early in life he chose the profession of arms, and entered West Point in 1864, being one of the first who graduated under the five-year rule. His career at West Point developed the fact that he was one of the few who are born to the profession of arms. Whilst other students passed their leisure hours in sports and in reading the romances of the day, young Wheeler would be found in the library, studying with the deepest interest the volumes which treated of campaigns and battles, both of modern and ancient times, and in examining military maps and the plans of battles of distinguished commanders. In October, 1859, he was ordered to the Cavalry School, at Carlisle, Penn., and there remained on duty