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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 3 3 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cannon, (search)
nt, for the West Point Foundry Association, for thirty-two 42-pounders, long guns, July 11, 1820. First gun rifled in America at the South Boston Iron Company's foundry, 1834. Cyrus Alger patents and makes the first malleable iron guns cast and converted in an oven, 1836. Earliest piece of heavy ordnance cast at the South Boston foundry, a 10-in. columbiad, under the supervision of Colonel Bomford; weight, 14,500 lbs.; shot, 130 lbs.; shell, 90 lbs.; charge of powder, 18 lbs., Sept. 6, 1839. Character of gun iron definitely fixed by the metallo-dynamoter, a testing-machine invented by Major Wade, 1840. First 12-in. columbiad; weight, 25,510 lbs.; extreme range, 5,761 yds.; weight of shell, 172 lbs.; charge of powder, 20 lbs.; cast at the South Boston foundry, July 8, 1846. Dahlgren gun, of iron, cast solid and cooled from the exterior, very thick at breech and diminishing to muzzle; first cast, May, 1850. Rodman gun, a columbiad model, smooth-bore, made by the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fires, Great. (search)
Fires, Great. The following is a list of the most notable fires in the United States: Theatre at Richmond, Va.; the governor and many leading citizens perishedDec. 26, 1811 New York City, 600 warehouses, etc.; loss, $20,000,000Dec. 16, 1835 Washington, D. C., destroying general post-office and patent-office, with 10,000 valuable models, drawings, etcDec. 15, 1836 Charleston, S. C., 1,158 buildings, covering 145 acresApril 27, 1838 New York City, 46 buildings; loss, $10,000,000Sept. 6, 1839 Pittsburg, Pa., 1,000 buildings; loss about $6,000,000April 10, 1845 New York City, 1,300 dwellings destroyedJune 28, 1845 New York City, 302 stores and dwellings, 4 lives, and $6,000,000 of propertyJuly 19, 1845 Albany, N. Y., 600 buildings, besides steamboats, piers, etc.; 24 acres burned over; loss, $3,000,000Sept. 9, 1848 St. Louis, Mo., 15 blocks of houses and 23 steamboats; loss estimated at $3,000,000May 17, 1849 San Francisco, Cal., nearly 2,500 buildings burned; estima
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Wigginton, Peter Dinwiddie 1839- (search)
Wigginton, Peter Dinwiddie 1839- Lawyer; born in Springfield, Ill., Sept. 6, 1839; educated at the University of Wisconsin, and was admitted to the bar in 1860. Shortly afterwards he removed to California, where he was elected district attorney of Merced county in 1864; and to Congress in 1875 and 1877. While in Congress he introduced a bill forbidding fraudulent land surveys in California. In 1884 he was the candidate of the American party for President of the United States.