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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 279 279 Browse Search
George P. Rowell and Company's American Newspaper Directory, containing accurate lists of all the newspapers and periodicals published in the United States and territories, and the dominion of Canada, and British Colonies of North America., together with a description of the towns and cities in which they are published. (ed. George P. Rowell and company) 78 78 Browse Search
Lucius R. Paige, History of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1630-1877, with a genealogical register 33 33 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 31 31 Browse Search
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3 30 30 Browse Search
The Cambridge of eighteen hundred and ninety-six: a picture of the city and its industries fifty years after its incorporation (ed. Arthur Gilman) 29 29 Browse Search
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 2 28 28 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 3 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 25 25 Browse Search
Benjamin Cutter, William R. Cutter, History of the town of Arlington, Massachusetts, ormerly the second precinct in Cambridge, or District of Menotomy, afterward the town of West Cambridge. 1635-1879 with a genealogical register of the inhabitants of the precinct. 20 20 Browse Search
Francis Jackson Garrison, William Lloyd Garrison, 1805-1879; the story of his life told by his children: volume 3 18 18 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in The Cambridge of eighteen hundred and ninety-six: a picture of the city and its industries fifty years after its incorporation (ed. Arthur Gilman). You can also browse the collection for 1845 AD or search for 1845 AD in all documents.

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ge. In matters of education, Cambridge had kept pace with her neighbors. Prior to 1800, the records are not clear as to the number and location of the schools, but Dr. Holmes states that at that date there were in the town besides the Grammar School, a little to the westward of the Episcopal church, two schools in each of the three parishes. There were, therefore, at that time, in Cambridge as now constituted, three schools. Mr. Paige gives the names of thirteen schoolhouses standing in 1845. He adds that the earliest record of the election of a school committee which he was able to find was in 1744. In 1834, the schools were graded. Mayor Green, in his inaugural address, in 1853, claimed for Cambridge the honor of having introduced this system into the Commonwealth, and of having carried it to its greatest degree of completeness. Within the limits of what now constitutes Cambridge there was in 1750 a single church. Between that date and the incorporation of Cambridge as a
llages. It would, perhaps, have been, but for one potent element of misrule,— something to which nothing of the present day can be in the least compared. There are now about 3000 students resident in Cambridge. There were, by the catalogue of 1845-46, only 458. But of that 458, 132 were in the Law School, and of that number 57 were from the Slave States; and those few dozen unquestionably exceeded, in capacity of disorder, the whole 3000 of the present day. They indeed introduced, unaided,orders of Cambridge were, at least in the region of Harvard Square, more distinctly stratified than now; there was then a more distinct gentry, consisting largely of the college people and those who had come to Cambridge to educate their sons. In 1845-46, the whole number of resident instructors of all grades, including the Law and Divinity schools, comprised but twenty, instead of being counted as now by hundreds; but the families of those twenty were the social centre. I remember the perfect
y preceding the adoption of the charter was the main reason for the change in its form of government. From the national census of 1840 to the assessors' census of 1845 there had been an increase of 48 per cent. in the population,—a larger percentage than is recorded in any other five-year period of the history of Cambridge. With this remarkable growth in population there had also been an increase of 32 per cent. in the town's valuation. In 1845, the administrative methods of the old town-meeting form of government were strained to meet the community needs of 12,490 people, and even then these needs were inadequately supplied. We are not now concernedwas a city of wells and cesspools, built and maintained by the individual real-estate owners. The building of the first sewer by assessment was under the town in 1845; but the ordinance in relation to common sewers, establishing a sewer system, was not passed until 1852. It was in 1865—nineteen years after the acceptance of the
a brick monument, covered with a massive stone block, on which is cut:— Here lyeth interred ye body of Major-General Gookin, aged 75 years, who departed this life ye 19th of March, 1686-7. The tomb probably contains the remains of his family, including his son, the Rev. Nathaniel Gookin. General Gookin was an influential man in the early days of the colony. Near this are the tombs of Governor Belcher, Dr. Gamage, the Watsons, and the Munroes, level with the sod and unmarked. In the year 1845, Mr. William Thaddeus Harris published a very useful book of epitaphs from this old ground, from the earliest date to the year 1800. In the years succeeding 1800, with a few exceptions, the names only, on the monuments erected since that date, are given. Therefore it is hoped that some modern Old Mortality, with the records of the first proprietors and the town, together with the needed tools of his profession in hand, will yet be commissioned to scan every stone, monument, and all records
pupils of Kay, though the gymnasium had no official connection with the university. During this period considerable interest was awakened in recreative games, football, baseball, and cricket then being played. College boat-clubs were formed in 1845, and the first boat-house was built in 1846. From this year on, boating was freely engaged in by the students, partly for exercise, but principally for pleasure. Although boat races began as early as 1845, there were no contests with Yale and ot1845, there were no contests with Yale and other colleges until after 1850. During the next decade the seed sown by Harvard was beginning to bear fruit in other institutions. Match ball games and boat races were occasionally arranged, and a renewed interest in gymnastics was awakening. In 1860, the old gymnasium opposite Memorial Hall, now used by the engineering department, was erected. Immediately after the establishment of the gymnasium at Harvard in 1860, gymnasiums were built at Amherst, Dartmouth, Princeton, Yale, Wesleyan, an
of the nominal transformation may be assigned to the years 1845 and 1848, the change of 1845 being followed by a reaction, 1845 being followed by a reaction, and the change for a finality taking place three years later. The modification in character, however, had been going on foere were also in it misses of lower grades. From 1840 to 1845 the girls of Old Cambridge fared better than the boys so fat under the disadvantages of the boys, the Auburn School in 1845 was made a high school for both sexes, and the Garden Streeof the present unusual prosperity of the schools. The year 1845 was one of marked activity and progress. The scathing revi do in school. In morals a marked progress was noted for 1845. The habit of defacing buildings was nearly broken up; pub The duty of reverence was strongly urged in the report of 1845,—reverence to parents, to one's self, to teachers, to magiss on the other. A comparison of Cambridge statistics for 1845, the last year of the town, with those for 1895, the fiftie
Joseph Henry Allen, Francis Foxcroft, Professors Francis Bowen, Charles Eliot Norton, and Andrews Norton, Rev. William Ware, William Brewster, William D. Howells, Samuel H. Scudder, Horace E. Scudder, and Thomas Wentworth Higginson, who so gracefully links the younger and older generation of Cambridge writers. Yet with all this roll of Cambridge men famous in this sphere of work it remained for an obscure stranger to make the first venture in local journalism in our city. From 1842 until 1845 the residents of Old Cambridge were earnestly striving, both in town meeting and in the legislature, to be set off from the Port and East Cambridge as a separate town under the name of Cambridge. But these local dissensions were temporarily healed by the Act to establish the City of Cambridge, approved March 17, 1846. While the excitement attendant upon the adoption of this measure was rife, Mr. Andrew Reid, a Scotchman, who had served an apprenticeship as a printer in his native country a
. Swan, William T. Richardson (elected a director in 1845), James A. Wood, R. N. Toppan, and William B. Durantmount of manufacturing in Cambridge in decades since 1845. A fair estimate of the industrial product at the p. Mr. Hamill acquired the art in New York city in 1845, and is thoroughly experienced and skillful in the mn 1840. Charles A. Morss was admitted to the firm in 1845, and since 1868 has been the sole partner. The concKemp, at Lincoln Court, in the town of Cambridge, in 1845, and in 1853 was removed to its present location. Ih America. The history of the business from 1828 to 1845 is involved in obscurity, but the soap business was and was probably carried on in a very crude way. In 1845 Mr. Valentine made an arrangement with Charles L. Jo furniture manufacturing in Cambridge. Beginning in 1845, he carried on the business for many years. At one ine Street, where all the work was done by hand. In 1845 he built a small factory and dwelling-house at the j
anks. Savings Banks, increase of deposits in, 95, 316. School Committee, 402. Schoolhouse, the first permanent, 10; site, 10; built by President Dunster and Edward Goffe, 188. Schoolmaster's salary in 1680, 10. Schools in 1800, 33; in 1845, 33. Schools, graded, 33. Schools, private: Professor Agassiz's, 209-211; Joshua Kendall's, 211, 212; Berkeley Street School, 212; Browne and Nichols, 212-214; Cambridge School for Girls, 214-217; FittingSchool for Boys and Girls, 217. Scool for teachers. 204; plan for shortening grammar school courses, 205; special teachers, 205, 206; geometry and physics, 205; primary schools, 205; superintendents, 205; kindergartens, 206; evening schools, 206; truant officers, 206; statistics, 1845 and 1895, 200; comparisons, 207; further educational advantages, 207. Scientific Cambridge, 72-77. Scientific School. 75, 76; instructors, 75. Second Parish, incorporated as West Cambridge, 9, 16;. Sewall or Lechmere House, 28. Sewa