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Varina Davis, Jefferson Davis: Ex-President of the Confederate States of America, A Memoir by his Wife, Volume 1 1 1 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 1 1 Browse Search
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3 1 1 Browse Search
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Chapter 31: thirty-first Congress, 1849-50. The first session of the Thirty-first Congress opened on Monday, December 3, 1849. In no preceding Senate had been seen more brilliant groups of statesmen from both South and North. Among the distinguished senators then, or soon subsequently to be, famous, were Davis, Calhoun, Clay, Webster, Benton, Corwin, Cass, Fillmore, Johnson, Stephen A. Douglas, Seward, Chase, Houston, Badger, of North Carolina; Butler, of South Carolina; Hamlin, Hunter, and Mason, of Virginia; Berrien, Mangum, and Pierre Soule. It was to this Congress that Mr. Clay presented his famous compromise resolutions, which may be regarded as the beginning of the last period of the long controversy between the sections before the secession of the Southern States from the Union. It was memorable by the threatening prominence given to the Anti-slavery agitation, which was now beginning to overshadow all other Federal issues. The growth of the Anti-slavery moveme
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
at San Antonio, Tex., aged fifty-five......May 7, 1849 Gen. Edmund P. Gaines dies at New Orleans, aged seventy-two......June 6, 1849 James K. Polk, eleventh President, dies at Nashville, Tenn., aged fifty-four......June 15, 1849 President Taylor issues a proclamation against filibustering expeditions to Cuba under Lopez......Aug. 11, 1849 Albert Gallatin, distinguished statesman, dies at Astoria, L. I.......Aug. 12, 1849 Thirty-first Congress, first session, assembles......Dec. 3, 1849 Senate strongly Democratic, and in the House the Free-soilers hold the balance of power between the Democrats and Whigs. After sixty-three ballots for speaker, Dec. 22, Howell Cobb, of Georgia, chosen by a plurality of 102 to 99 for Robert C. Winthrop, of Massachusetts. Organization of the House not completed until......Jan. 11, 1850 Henry Clay introduces six resolutions as a basis for compromise of the slavery controversy......Jan. 29, 1850 [These resolutions related to—First,
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3, Chapter 32: the annexation of Texas.—the Mexican War.—Winthrop and Sumner.—1845-1847. (search)
r prohibiting slavery in the territories, because untimely, in his opinion; giving his adhesion to President Taylor's policy of non-interference; Feb. 21 and May 8, 1850. Addresses and speeches, vol. i. pp. 630-647, 654-692. Wilson considered this a new policy and new departure. ( Rise and Fall of the Slave power, vol. II. p. 230.) See Theodore Parker on The Slave power in America, May 29, 1850. Parker's Works, vol. v. (Trubner's ed.) pp. 123, 124. Winthrop was criticised by Root, Dec. 3, 1849, and by Cleveland, April 19, 1850. and even sanctioning the view that an expansion of slave territory, as it does not increase the number of slaves, does not of itself strengthen the institution. Addresses and Speeches, vol. i. pp. 686-688. The unsoundness of this view has been often shown. Von Hoist, vol. III. p. 480; Sumner's Speech on the Nebraska Bill, Feb. 21, 1854; Works, vol. III. p. 294; J. E. Cairnes on The Slave power. The controversy of a year and a half, in which th