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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 262 262 Browse Search
George P. Rowell and Company's American Newspaper Directory, containing accurate lists of all the newspapers and periodicals published in the United States and territories, and the dominion of Canada, and British Colonies of North America., together with a description of the towns and cities in which they are published. (ed. George P. Rowell and company) 188 188 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 79 79 Browse Search
Abraham Lincoln, Stephen A. Douglas, Debates of Lincoln and Douglas: Carefully Prepared by the Reporters of Each Party at the times of their Delivery. 65 65 Browse Search
Lucius R. Paige, History of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1630-1877, with a genealogical register 51 51 Browse Search
Brigadier-General Ellison Capers, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 5, South Carolina (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 35 35 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 3 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 28 28 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Harvard Memorial Biographies 21 21 Browse Search
HISTORY OF THE TOWN OF MEDFORD, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, FROM ITS FIRST SETTLEMENT, IN 1630, TO THE PRESENT TIME, 1855. (ed. Charles Brooks) 18 18 Browse Search
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3 17 17 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for 1854 AD or search for 1854 AD in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Abbot, Henry Larcom, 1831- (search)
Abbot, Henry Larcom, 1831- Military engineer; born in Beverly, Mass., Aug. 13, 1831. He was graduated at the United States Military Academy in 1854. entered the Corps of Engineers, in which he reached the rank of colonel, and was retired in 1895. In the Civil War he commanded the siege artillery of the armies operating against Richmond, designed the systems of submarine mine defences and of mortar batteries for the government, and was brevetted major-general of volunteers and brigadier-general U. S. A. After his retirement he designed the new harbor at Manitowoc, Wis., and was a member of the Technical Committee of the New Panama Canal Co. His publications include Siege artillery in the campaign against Richmond; Experiments to develop a system of submarine mines; and Physics and Hydraulics of the Mississippi, the last in co-operation with General Humphreys. He received the degree of Ll.D. from Harvard, and became a member of many scientific societies.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Adams, Henry A., Jr. (search)
Adams, Henry A., Jr. Born in Pennsylvania in 1833. Graduated at Annapolis in 1851. Took part in the engagement with the forts at the mouth of Canton River, China, in 1854. Was on the Brooklyn at the passage of Forts St. Philip and Jackson in 1862, and also participated in the attack on Fort Fisher. Was highly praised by Admiral Porter in his official despatches.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Agricultural colleges. (search)
equipments, in which persons of both sexes may equally enjoy the benefits of the institution. Each student is paid a stipulated sum of money for every hour of labor given to the institution; and by this means students are materially aided in defraying the expenses of their education. In these colleges the mechanic arts and certain branches of the fine arts are studied. The movement in Congress was undoubtedly suggested by the success of the Pennsylvania Agricultural College, established in 1854 by the late Dr. Evan Pugh. It was the first institution of the kind established in this country. At the close of the school year 1898-99, there were in the several States and Territories a total of fifty agricultural and mechanical colleges for white students, and fourteen for the colored race. The receipts of the year were: From the federal government under the original and subsequent acts of Congress, $1,769,716, from State and Territorial treasuries, $2,570,427; and from other sources
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Allen, Henry Watkins, 1820- (search)
Allen, Henry Watkins, 1820- Military officer; born in Prince Edward county. Va., April 20, 1820; became a lawyer in Mississippi; and in 1842 raised a company to fight in Texas. He settled at West Baton Rouge, La., in 1850; served in the State legislature; was in the Law School at Cambridge in 1854; and visited Europe in 1859. He took an active part with the Confederates in the Civil War, and was at one time military governor at Jackson, Miss. In the battle of Shiloh and at Baton Rouge he was wounded. He was commissioned a brigadier-general in 1864, but was almost immediately elected governor of Louisiana, the duties of which he performed with great ability and wisdom. At the close of the war he made his residence in the city of Mexico, where he established the Mexican times, which he edited until his death, April 22, 1866.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), American party, (search)
American party, A political organization founded in 1854, the members of which became known as Know-nothings, because in their endeavors to preserve the secrecy of their movements they were instructed to reply I don't know to any question asked in reference to the party. It was at first a secret political organization, the chief object of which was the proscription of foreigners by the repeal of the naturalization laws of the United States, and the exclusive choice of Americans for office. The more radical members of the party advocated a purely American school system, and uncomlpromising opposition to the Roman Catholics. Such narrow views were incompatible with the generosity and catholic spirit of enlightened American citizens. In 1856 they nominated ex-President Fillmore for the Presidency, who received 874,534 popular and eight electoral votes; made no nominations in 1860, but united with the Constitutional Union party, whose candidates. Bell and Everett, received 590,6
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Anthony, Susan Brownell, 1820- (search)
Anthony, Susan Brownell, 1820- American reformer; born in South Adams, Mass., Feb. 15, 1820. She was of Quaker parent-age, and received her education at a Friends' school in Philadelphia. From 1835 to 1850 she taught school in New York. In 1847 she began her efforts in behalf of the temperance movement, making speeches and organizing societies; in 1852 she assisted in organizing the Woman's New York State Temperance Society. In 1854-55 she held conventions in each county in New York in behalf of female suffrage. She was a leader in the anti-slavery movement, and one of the earliest advocates of the coeducation of women. Greatly through her influence, the New York legislature, in 1860, passed the act giving married women the possession of their earnings, and the guardianship of their children. In 1868, with Mrs. E. C. Stanton and Parker Pillsbury, she began the publication of the Revolutionist, a paper devoted to the emancipation of women. In 1872 she cast test ballots at t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Arthur, Chester Alan, 1830-1886 (search)
Arthur, Chester Alan, 1830-1886 Twenty-first President of the United States, from Sept. 19, 1881, to March 4, 1885; Republican; born in Fairfield, Vt., Oct. 5, 1830; was graduated at Union College in 1848; studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1854; and became a successful practitioner. He gained much celebrity in a suit which involved the freedom of some slaves, known as the Lemmon case. He procured the admission of colored persons to the street-cars of New York City by gaining a suit against a railway company in 1856. Mr. Arthur did efficient service during the Civil War as quartermaster-general of the State of New York. In 1872 he was appointed collector of the port of New York, and was removed in 1878. In 1880, he was elected Vice-President, and on the death of President Garfield, Sept, 19, 1881, he became President. He died in New York City, Nov. 18, 1886. Veto of Chinese immigration bill. On April 4, 1882, President Arthur sent the following veto message to the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Barnard, Henry, 1811- (search)
cticut School journal. From 1843 to 1849 he had charge of the public schools of Rhode Island, where he established a model system of popular education. Dr. Barnard took great interest in the subject of school-house architecture; and from 1850 to 1854 he was State superintendent of public schools of Connecticut. In 1855 he began the publication of the American journal of education. The same year he became president of the American Association for the Advancement of Education, and was offered hed at Washington, he was appointed the first commissioner (March, 1867). He resigned this office in 1870. Dr. Barnard wrote much and well on the subject of popular education. A London review, speaking of his work on National education in Europe (1854), said: He has collected and arranged more valuable information and statistics than can be found in any one volume in the English language. Dr. Barnard received the degree of Ll.D. from Harvard, Yale, and Union colleges. He died in Hartford, Jul
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bartlett, John Russell, 1805-1886 (search)
ciety. In 1850 he was appointed by President Taylor a commissioner, under the treaty of peace with Mexico in 1848, to settle the boundary-line between that country and the United States. He was engaged in that service until Jan. 7, 1853, making extensive surveys and explorations, with elaborate scientific observations; but, owing to a failure of Congress to make the necessary appropriations, he did not complete his work. He published a personal narrative of his experience in that region in 1854. In May, 1855, he was chosen secretary of state of Rhode Island, which post he held until 1872, a period of seventeen years. He edited and published the Records of the colony of Rhode Island and Providence plantations, in, 10 volumes; also an Index to the acts and resolves of the General Assembly of Rhode Island from 1758 to 1862. In 1847 Mr. Bartlett published a little volume on the Progress of Ethnology; and in 1848 a Dictionary of Americanisms, since revised and enlarged. He also publis
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Barton, Clara, 1830- (search)
Barton, Clara, 1830- Philanthropist; born in Oxford, Mass., in 1830; was educated in Clinton, N. Y. Her early life was devoted to teaching. In 1854 she became a clerk in the Patent Office in Washington, resigning in 1861, and undertaking the Clara Barton. nursing of sick and wounded soldiers of the army. In 1864 General Butler made her head nurse of the hospitals in the Army of the James. Later she was given charge by President Lincoln of the search organized to find missing Union soldiers, and in 1865 went to Andersonville to mark the graves of Northern soldiers who had died there. When the Franco-Prussian War broke out (1870), she assisted in preparing military hospitals, and also aided the Red Cross Society. In 1871, after the siege of Strasburg, she superintended, by request of the authorities, the distribution of work to the poor, and in 1872 performed a similar work in Paris. For her services she was decorated with the Golden Cross of Baden and the Iron Cross of Germ
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