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re, and by the killing of the apostle Perley Pratt, in Arkansas. Pratt had seduced the wife and abducted the children of a man named McLean, who followed him from San Francisco to Arkansas, where he overtook and slew him in combat. Though Mormon common law justifies homicide as the penalty of adultery, the Gentile has not the benefit of the rule, and vengeance was denounced against the people of Arkansas. The new access of fury, stimulated by the approach of the troops, culminated in September, 1857, in an unparalleled atrocity. Robbery, outrage, and murder, had been the ordinary fate of the alien and the waverer, but the climax of religious rage was reached in the massacre at Mountain Meadows. A band of emigrants, about 135 in number, quietly traveling from Arkansas to Southern California, arrived in Utah. This company was made up of farmers' families, allied by blood or friendship, and far above the average in wealth, intelligence, and orderly conduct. They were Methodists
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Kansas, (search)
as elected by the Democratic party. At the beginning of his administration the Dred Scott case greatly intensified the strife between the pro-slavery and anti-slavery men, especially in Kansas. Mr. Buchanan favored the views of the pro-slavery men, and his strong support gave them, in Kansas, renewed courage. Then the opposing parties were working with energy for the admission of Kansas as a State, with opposing ends in view. The pro-slavery party, in convention at Lecompton early in September, 1857, framed a constitution in which was a clause providing that the rights of property in slaves now in the Territory shall in no manner be interfered with, and forbade any amendments of the instrument until 1864. It was submitted to the votes of the people on Dec. 21, but by the terms of the election law passed by the illegal legislature no one might vote against that constitution. The vote was taken, For the constitution with slavery, or For the constitution without slavery ; so in ei
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Mountain Meadow massacre. (search)
Mountain Meadow massacre. Early in September, 1857, a party of immigrants known as the Arkansas Company arrived in Utah from the East, on their way to California. One of the Mormons, named Laney, then living in Utah, had given some food to two of the immigrants, and this came to the ears of certain leading saints. It appears that Laney had some time previously been a Mormon missionary, and had labored in the interest of his sect in Tennessee, where he was assailed by a mob. He was rescued by two men, father and son, named Aden, and found his way back to Utah. The two men to whom he had given food out of gratitude were the Adens. For this act Laney was murdered by an angel of death at the instigation of a Mormon bishop. While the immigrant company were on their way West, the Mormon leaders, among whom were Bishop Dame (who instigated, as Lee claimed, the murder of Laney), George A. Smith (then first counsellor of the Church and Brigham Young's right-hand man), and another M
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State of Washington, (search)
o and parts of Montana and Wyoming. The San Juan Islands, formerly claimed by Great Britain, were decided, in 1872, by the arbitration of the Emperor of Germany, State seal of Washington. to belong to the United States. Washington was admitted as a State in 1889. Olympia is the capital. The population in 1890 was 349,390; in 1900, 518,103. See United States, Washington, vol. IX. Territorial governors. I. I. Stevensassumes officeNov. 28, 1853 Fayette McMullenassumes officeSeptember, 1857 C. H. Mason, actingassumes officeJuly, 1858 Richard D. Gholsonassumes office1859 Henry M. McGill, actingassumes officeMay, 1860 W. H. Wallaceassumes office1861 L. J. S. Turney, actingassumes office1861 William Pickeringassumes officeJune, 1862 Marshall F. Mooreassumes office1867 Alvan Flandersassumes office1869 Edward S. Salomonassumes office1870 Elisha Pyre Ferryassumes office1872 William A. Newellassumes office1880 Watson C. Squireassumes office1884 Eugene Sempleassumes o
he political history of the Union. It illustrated most powerfully the fact that the slavery question really involved but little of moral sentiment, and indicated a contest for political power between two rival sections. When Mr. Buchanan came into the Presidential office, in 1S57, lie at once perceived that the great point of his administration would be to effect the admission of Kansas into the Union, and thus terminate a dispute which was agitating and distracting the country. In September, 1857, the people of the Territory had called a Convention at Lecompton to form a Constitution. The entire Constitution was not submitted to the popular vote; but the Convention took care to submit to the vote of the people, for ratification or rejection, the clause respecting slavery. The official vote resulted: For the Constitution, with slavery, 6,226; for the Constitution, without slavery, 509. Under this Constitution, Mr. Buchanan recommended the admission of Kansas into the Union; an
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 2, Chapter 17: London again.—characters of judges.—Oxford.—Cambridge— November and December, 1838.—Age, 27. (search)
are extended drawing-rooms, adorned in the choicest style with statuary and painting, and holding every thing that conduces most to comfort and luxury, with books, magazines, and papers all within call. Here also you may meet the best society of London. I have often met Hallam Henry Hallam, 1777-1859. He invited Sumner several times to dine with him,—once in company with Professor Whewell,—and expressed his regard by other attentions. Sumner met the historian again in London, in September, 1857. at the Athenaeum. I was standing the other day by the side of a pillar, so that I was not observed by him, when he first met Phillips, Thomas Phillips.—the barrister who visited America during the last summer; and he cried out, extending his hand at the same time: Well, you are not tattooed, really! Hallam is a plain, frank man, but is said to be occasionally quite testy and restless. Charles Babbage, 1790-1871; the mathematician. himself one of the most petulant men that ever<
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 3 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.), Book III (continued) (search)
onal standing. He found time also to work hard for the Boston Public Library, of which he was a trustee; doing for it what his friends Buckminster and Cogswell had done respectively for the Athenaeum and the Astor. Upon the third and last of his European tours, undertaken in 1856-57 for the sake of the library, he had little time for his own studies, but he was lionized—being now the author of a famous book— as never before, and moved in the most brilliant society. At home again from September, 1857, Ticknor took up once more his life of study and business, serving the library until 1866, revising the History of Spanish literature for its third and its fourth editions, maintaining a voluminous correspondence, and, after the death of Prescott in 1859, writing his Life (1864). At this time, too, Ticknor resumed his active interest in Harvard. He died in 1871. Ticknor's life, as recorded in his Life, letters and journals, is that of a great man of business, a great social talent,
Lucius R. Paige, History of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1630-1877, with a genealogical register, Chapter 16: ecclesiastical History. (search)
ee of A. M. from Tufts College in 1863. Rev. Henry A. Eaton was born in South Reading (now Wakefield) Nov. 27, 1825, ordained at Milford Sept. 11, 1859, took charge of this parish on the first Sabbath in May, 1855, and resigned at the end of September, 1857. His health was broken down, yet he preached, more or less, for two or three years at Waltham, and Meriden, Conn. He died at Worcester, of consumption, May 26, 1861. Rev. Henry W. Rugg was ordained in 1854, and having preached three or fouris committee brethren Henry R. Glover and Chester W. Kingsley have regularly served since the organization of the church; different members have completed the number. Ms. letter from Warren Sanger, Esq. North Avenue Congregational.—In September, 1857, a religious society was organized in North Cambridge, under the name of the Holmes Congregational Society, which name was changed, about ten years afterwards, to North Avenue Congregational Society. Its first place of worship was an edific
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Harvard Memorial Biographies, 1861. (search)
aught by Mr. Joshua Bates; in 1852, the English High School, taught by Mr. Thomas Sherwin; and in 1855, the public Latin School, taught by Mr. Francis Gardner. After spending two years in this last institution, I entered Harvard College in September, 1857. At the Brimmer, the English High, and the Latin Schools I received Franklin medals. I also received a Lawrence prize each year of my attendance at the High School, for proficiency either in scientific or the literary department; and in thege, but had not the means. I consulted my father, and was promised such assistance as he could render. In December, 1855, I again went back to Pierce Academy, and began the study of Latin and Greek under the tuition of C. C. Burnett. In September, 1857, I was admitted into Harvard College. I have been a member of the Institute of 1770, and of the O. K. Where I shall go, or what I shall do, immediately after leaving college, is quite uncertain. Pardon Almy was the second of the Class t
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Harvard Memorial Biographies, 1862. (search)
d his flute, which he could now play very agreeably; and he expected that this, with Henry's singing, would win their bread and lodging on the way. They must have relied upon it considerably, for the entire sum expended on the journey was but nine dollars, most of which was given for a single night's lodging. They walked up and down Mount Washington without a guide, and reached home in a four days tramp from the summit of the mountain, the last day walking more than forty miles. In September, 1857, Goodwin made a public profession of his discipleship to Christ, in the Unitarian Church. There was no pretentious piety about him. He was generally lighthearted and merry, and entered into every interest, whether work or play, with perfect abandon. But the thoroughness of his religious principles were more and more evident; they permeated his whole life, increasing the unselfish thoughtfulness of his conduct at home. He seemed to us to be almost without fault, though he so seriously
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