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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., Organization of the two governments. (search)
g.-Gen. Richard Delafield. Ordnance Department Colonel Henry K. Craig (until April 23, 1861) Brig.-Gen. James W. Ripley (retired Sept. 15, 1863) Brig.-Gen. George D. Ramsay (retired Sept. 12, 1864) Brig.-Gen. Alexander B. Dyer. Bureau of military justice Major John F. Lee (resigned Sept. 4, 1862) Brig.-Gen. Joseph Holt. Bureau of the provost Marshal General (created by act of March 3, 1863) Brig.-Gen. James B. Fry. General officers of the United States army, January 1, 1861 Brevet Lieut.-Gen. Winfield Scott (General-in-chief) Brig.-General John E. Wool Brig.-General David E. Twiggs Brig.-General William S. Harney. (Note.-E. V. Sumner was promoted Brigadier-General March 16, 1861, vice David E. Twiggs, dismissed March 1, 1861.) * Afterward in the Confederate service. The United States Navy Department. Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles. Assistant Secretary: Gustavus V. Fox. Yards and Docks: Rear-Admiral Joseph Smith. Ordn
Depreciation of Confederate currency. In the chapters on Finance and Dollars and Cents, reference has been made to the rapid depreciation of C. S. Treasury notes. The condensed table appended-gathered from most reliable data — will explain this more clearly than could a volume: Relative value of gold from January 1, 1861, to may 12, 1865. 1861 .-January 1st to May 1st, 5 per cent.; to October 1st, 10 per cent.; October 15th, 12 per cent.; November 15th, 15 per cent.; December 1st, 20 per cent. 1862.-January 1st, 20 per cent.; February 1st, 25 per cent.; February 15th, 40 per cent.; March 1st, 50 percent.; March 15th, 65 per cent.; April 1st, 75 per cent.; April 15th, 80 per cent.; May 1st. 90 per cent.; May 15th, 95 per cent.; June 15th, 2 for 1; August 1st, 2.20 for 1; September 1st, 2.50 for 1. 1863.-February 1st, 3 for 1; February 15th, 3.10 for 1; March 1st, 3.25 for 1; March 15th, 5 for 1; May 15th, 6 for 1; June 1st, 6.50 for 1; June 15th, 7.50 for 1; July 1
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Investment of Fort Donelson-the naval operations-attack of the enemy-assaulting the works-surrender of the Fort (search)
oath to maintain the Constitution of the United States and to uphold the same against all its enemies. He had betrayed that trust. As Secretary of War he was reported through the northern press to have scattered the little army the country had so that the most of it could be picked up in detail when secession occurred. About a year before leaving the Cabinet he had removed arms from northern to southern arsenals. He continued in the Cabinet of President Buchanan until about the 1st of January, 1861, while he was working vigilantly for the establishment of a confederacy made out of United States territory. Well may he have been afraid to fall into the hands of National troops. He would no doubt have been tried for misappropriating public property; if not for treason, had he been captured. General Pillow, next in command, was conceited, and prided himself much on his services in the Mexican war. He telegraphed to General Johnston, at Nashville, after our men were within the reb
January 1, 1861. The evidences of a purpose on the part of the secessionists to seize upon the public property and usurp the Government at its capital, have become so clear that energetic measures are taking to defeat their plans, and repress the treason. Now that the Administration begins to appreciate the necessity of preserving the Government, and manifests the purpose to repudiate the treasonable influences which have hitherto paralyzed its arm, the people are beginning to report facts exposing the violent plots concocting in the District and its neighborhood. It is now well known that military companies have been organized and drilled for months past in Maryland and Virginia--some of them under the eye of an officer of the regular army — and that the distinct object of their organization is to aid in the seizure of Washington city in the interest of the disunionists, or the pre. vention by force of Lincoln's inauguration, Some of the less prudent of their leaders boast
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 3: assembling of Congress.--the President's Message. (search)
ith great strictness the Fast-days of this holy season; to prepare themselves for the worthy reception of the Sacraments of Penance and the Holy Eucharist, at or before Christmas; to give alms generally to the poor, and to turn their whole hearts in all humility to God. Pastoral Letter to the Roman Catholic Clergy of the Diocese of Hartford, December 14, 1860. More than forty leading clergymen of various denominations in New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania united in sending forth January 1, 1861. a circular letter, in the form of an appeal to the churches, in which they said:--We cannot doubt that a spirit of candor and forbearance, such as our religion prompts, and the exigencies of the times demand, would render the speedy adjustment of our difficulties possible, consistently with every constitutional right. Unswerving fealty to the Constitution justly interpreted, and a prompt return to its spirit and requirements wherever there may have been divergence from either, would s
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 4: seditious movements in Congress.--Secession in South Carolina, and its effects. (search)
he Slave-labor States as genuine. The Augusta (Georgia) Chronicle and Sentinel, a leading newspaper in the South, said, twelve days after the Ordinance of Secession was passed in the South Carolina Convention:--It is a sad thing to observe, that those who are determined on immediate secession have not the coolness, the capacity, or the nerve, to propose something after that. . . . No statesmanship has ever been exhibited yet, so far as we know, by those who will dissolve the Union. --January 1, 1861. On the same day when the Declaration was adopted, Governor Pickens issued a proclamation declaring to the world that South Carolina is, and has a right to be, a separate, sovereign, free, and independent State, and, as such, has a right to levy war, to conclude peace, to negotiate treaties, leagues, or covenants, and to do all acts whatever that rightfully appertain South Carolina medal. to a free and independent State. He declared the proclamation to be given under his hand, o
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 6: Affairs at the National Capital.--War commenced in Charleston harbor. (search)
mter, as a portion of the public property of the United States. He concluded with expressing great personal regard for the Commissioners. Two days later, January 1, 1861. the Commissioners replied to this note in a long and extremely insolent and insulting letter. As representatives of a sovereign power, they said, they had flesiastical tribunal, under the privilege called benefit of clergy. In certain cases of heinous offenses, this benefit of clergy was denied. On that morning January 1, 1861. they had received intelligence from the Commissioners at Washington that their mission would be fruitless; and the Rev. Mr. Du Pre, in the prayer at the open white marble, was placed on the table before the President, bearing a curious inscription on a piece of paper. Associated Press Dispatch from Charleston. January 1, 1861. The following is the inscription:--Truth, Justice, and Fraternity, you have written your name in the Book of Life, fill up the page with deliberation that w
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 8: attitude of the Border Slave-labor States, and of the Free-labor States. (search)
bor States and that capital, and might be a barrier against Northern troops sent to protect it. Emissaries and commissioners from the Cotton-growing States were early within its borders plying their seductive arts, and they found so many sympathizers among the slaveholders, and a large class in Baltimore, connected by blood, affection, and commerce with the South, that they entertained, for a while, bright hopes of the co-operation of the people of that State. It is said that on the 1st of January, 1861, no less than twelve thousand men were organized in that State, bound by the most solemn oaths to do the bidding of their leaders, whose purpose was to seize Washington City. Baltimore Correspondent of the New York World. Independent of the innate loyalty of the greater portion of the people of Maryland to the flag of the Union, there were considerations of material interests calculated to make them weigh well the arguments for and against revolution that were presented to them
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 11: the Montgomery Convention.--treason of General Twiggs.--Lincoln and Buchanan at the Capital. (search)
took the most ludicrous forms and expression. They were so intent upon obliterating every trace of connection with the Yankees, as they derisively called the people of the Free-labor States, and upon showing to the world that South Carolina was an independent nation, that so early as the first of January, 1861. when that nation was just nine days old — a nine days wonder --it was proposed to adopt for it a new system of civil time. Charleston Correspondence of the Associated Press, January 1, 1861. Whether it was to be that of Julius Caesar, in whose calendar the year began in March; or of the French Jacobins, whose year began in September, and had five sacred days called Sansculottides; or of the Eastern satrap Who counted his years from the hour when he smote His best friend to the earth, and usurped his control; And measured his days and his weeks by false oaths, And his months by the scars of black crimes on his soul, is not recorded. Three days after the Montgomery Conv
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 13: the siege and evacuation of Fort Sumter. (search)
ing both his hands on his shoulders, said: Lieutenant, what shall we do? Talbot, when he related this fact to Lieutenant Snyder, said: I never felt so in my life. The President seemed like an old man in his dotage. It seemed so strange to me that I should have lived to see the day when a President of the United States should put his hands imploringly on the shoulders of a poor lieutenant, and ask what he should do to save his country! A meeting of the Cabinet was immediately called (January 1, 1861), when none of the Ministers had any resolution, excepting Mr. Holt, the new Secretary of War, who said that the Union must be saved at whatever cost of blood and treasure. --Letter of Daniel Knower to the Author. These young officers, since dead, were gallant and true on all occasions. His other officers were brave, and also loyal, with the exception of Lieutenant Meade, a Virginian, Soon after leaving Fort Sumter, Meade abandoned his flag and joined the insurgents. He was active
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