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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 8: attitude of the Border Slave-labor States, and of the Free-labor States. (search)
had quarreled and fought for several years previous to the year 1858. In that school of experience, the Missourians had been pretty well instructed concerning the questions at issue in the now impending conflict; and when they were called upon to act, they did so intelligently. They knew the value of the Union; and the great body of the people reprobated the teachings of the disloyal politicians, and determined to stand by the Union so, long as it seemed to them a blessing. The 4th of January, 1861, was an unfortunate day for Missouri. On that day Claiborne F. Jackson, an unscrupulous politician, and a conspirator against the Republic, was inaugurated Governor of the State. In his message to the Legislature, he insisted that Missouri should stand by its sister Slave-labor States in whatever course they might pursue at that crisis. He recommended the calling of a State Convention to consider Federal relations; and on the 16th, January, 1861. the Legislature responded by autho
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 11: the Montgomery Convention.--treason of General Twiggs.--Lincoln and Buchanan at the Capital. (search)
have seen him, from the opening of the session of Congress until the disruption of his Cabinet, at the close of December, working or idling, voluntarily or involuntarily, in seeming harmony with the wishes of the conspirators. We have seen him after that surrounded by less malign influences, and prevented, by loyal men in his Cabinet, from allowing his fears or his inclinations to do the Republic serious harm. And when the National Fast-day which he had recommended had been observed, January 4, 1861. he spoke some brave words in a message sent in to Congress, January 8. saying, it was his right and his duty to use military force defensively against those who resist the Federal officers in the execution of their legal functions, and against those who assail the property of the Federal Government; yet he refused to support these brave words by corresponding dutiful action, and cast the whole responsibility of meeting the great peril upon Congress, at the same time suggesting to it t
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 5: military and naval operations on the coast of South Carolina.--military operations on the line of the Potomac River. (search)
ew of ascertaining their purpose, in the latter part of December, 1860, I detailed two of my most intelligent detectives to proceed to Washington, with instructions to endeavor to discover the secret plans of the conspirators, if they had any, for taking possession of the seat of Government, and to communicate with Senator Grimes, of Iowa, on the subject. I did not know the Senator personally at that time, but I had a reputation of him that justified me in confiding in him. On Friday, January 4th, 1861, I received a note from Hon. Schuyler Colfax, requesting me to send a number of detectives to Washington, for the same purpose that I had already dispatched the two alluded to. I then determined to go that night myself, and take with me another of my men. I purposed looking the field over, with the view of ascertaining the probability of such an attempt being made. In the morning of Saturday I found a want of harmony among the friends of the Union--scarcely any two looked at the c
By the praying of our common prayer; By the Bible on which our people swear! Peace, brothers, peace! Would you rend our country's breast in twain? It lies bare to the mortal blow, But the sword that could drink her holy vein Should be that of a foreign foe. Not of her children, cradled free, Not of her home-born; never be Such written page of History! Peace, brothers, peace! Would ye part the river which north and south Rolls grandly its career? Sounds not a tone from its mighty mouth Teaching us, far and near, That the North and the South, like it, must be One power, one home, one unity; One time and one eternity? Peace, brothers, peace! Brothers, beware; the storm is high-- Our ship of state strains heavily-- And her flag, whose spangles have lit the sky, Is fluttering — tattered and torn to be. God of our Father Washington, Our trust is in Thy arm alone; Count Thou her stars, keep every one! Peace, brothers, peace! London, January 4, 1861. --Nationwal Intelligencer, Feb. 6
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Alabama. (search)
sion Ordinance was adopted, volunteer troops, in accordance with an arrangement made with the governors of Louisiana and Georgia, and by order of the governor of Alabama, had seized the arsenal at Mount Vernon, about 30 miles above Mobile, and Fort Morgan, at the entrance to Mobile Harbor, about 30 miles below the city. The Mount Vernon arsenal was captured by four Confederate companies commanded by Captain Leadbetter, of the United States Engineer Corps, and a native of Maine. At dawn (Jan. 4, 1861) they surprised Captain Reno, who was in command of the arsenal, and the Alabama Confederates thus obtained 15,000 stands of arms. 150, 000 pounds of gunpowder, some cannon, and a large quantity of munitions of war. The Alabama Senators and Representatives withdrew from Congress Jan. 21, 1861. On March 13, a State convention ratified the constitution adopted by the Confederate Congress. The authorities of the State seized the national property within its borders, and sent troops to
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Missouri, (search)
igently. They knew the value of the Union; and the great body of the people deprecated the teachings of the disloyal politicians, and determined to stand by the national government. Claiborne F. Jackson was inaugurated governor of Missouri, Jan. 4, 1861. In his message to the legislature he recommended the people to stand by their sister slave-labor States in whatever course they might pursue. He recommended the calling of a convention. This the legislature authorized (Jan. 16), but decreen A. King (Dem.)term beginsNov., 1848 Sterling Price (Dem.)term beginsDec., 1852 Trusten Polk (Dem.)term beginsDec., 1856 Hancock JacksonactingMarch, 1857 Robert M. Stewart (Dem.)term beginsDec., 1857 Claiborne F. Jackson (Dem.)term beginsJan. 4, 1861 H. R. Gamble (provisional)electedJuly 31, 1861 Willard P. HallactingJan. 31, 1864 Thomas C. Fletcher (Rep.)term beginsJan. 31, 1865 Joseph W. McClurg (Rep.)term beginsJan. 31, 1869 R. Gratz Brown (Lib.)term beginsJan. 31, 1871 Silas Wood
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
te troops......Dec. 27, 1860 United States arsenal, with 75,000 stands of arms, seized by South Carolina State troops at Charleston......Dec. 30, 1860 Edward D. Baker, of Oregon, answers the plea of Judah P. Benjamin, of Louisiana, in the Senate for the right of secession......Jan. 2, 1861 Fort Pulaski, at the mouth of the Savannah River, Ga., seized by Georgia State troops......Jan. 3, 1861 United States arsenal seized at Mount Vernon, Ala., by the Alabama State troops......Jan. 4, 1861 Forts Morgan and Gaines, at the entrance of Mobile Bay, seized by the Alabama State troops......Jan. 5, 1861 Fernando Wood, mayor of New York, recommends secession to the common council......Jan. 6, 1861 United States arsenal at Apalachicola, Fla., seized by the Florida State troops......Jan. 6, 1861 Fort Marion and Fort St. Augustine, Fla., seized by Florida State troops......Jan. 7, 1861 Robert Toombs, Senator from Georgia, delivers his last speech in the Senate......Jan.
Doc. 14.--a recommendation to the people of the United States. Numerous appeals have been made to me by pious and patriotic associations and citizens, in view of the present distracted and dangerous condition of our country, to recommend that a day be set apart for humiliation, fasting and prayer throughout the Union. In compliance with their request, and my own sense of duty, I designate Friday, the 4TH day of January, 1861, for this purpose, and recommend that the people assemble on that day, according to their several forms of worship, to keep it as a solemn fast. The Union of the States is at the present moment threatened with alarming and immediate danger — panic and distress of a fearful character prevail throughout the land — our laboring population are without employment, and consequently deprived of the means of earning their bread — indeed, hope seems to have deserted the minds of men. All classes are in a state of confusion and dismay; and the wisest couns<
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Battles, Alabama, 1861 (search)
1861 Jan. 4: Seizure of Mt. Vernon ArsenalBy State Troops. Jan. 5: Seizure of Forts Morgan and GainesBy State Troops. Jan. 11: Adoption, at Montgomery, of Secession Ordinance. 
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3, Chapter 30: addresses before colleges and lyceums.—active interest in reforms.—friendships.—personal life.—1845-1850. (search)
ially welcomed to the place, which remained vacant for nearly a year, Judge William Kent, a sterling character, as Sumner described him, son of the chancellor, and always maintained with him a most friendly intercourse and correspondence. When Judge Kent resigned after only a year's service, he expressed to Sumner, in a letter, the desire that he should have the professorship, and at the same time the regret that he had not kept aloof from politics and reforms. Judge William Kent died Jan. 4, 1861. He was extremely conservative, and instinctively averse to popular agitations of any kind. He was a candidate on the Bell-Everett electoral ticket, in 1860. He was very refined and scholarly, and thoroughly sincere and high-minded. Notwithstanding their differences of opinion, he and Sumner were in most cordial personal sympathy. The fame of Sumner's Fourth of July oration was followed by various invitations to address literary bodies as well as Peace and Antislavery meetings. A
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