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John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Chapter 2: Charleston Harbor. (search)
, permitted various precautionary measures to be taken, among which, a well-designed, though finally abortive effort to reinforce Sumter, was perhaps the most noteworthy. Various plans to send men and provisions to Anderson were discussed, and it was at last decided to attempt stratagem. A swift merchant-steamer, the Star of the West was chartered in New York, loaded with the needed supplies and two hundred and fifty recruits; thus prepared, she sailed on her errand on the night of January 5, 1861. The effort to keep the expedition an entire secret had not succeeded. Notice of her departure went to Charleston from New York; and in addition to this, Thompson, the conspiring Secretary of the Interior, who at the last moment learned the fact in Cabinet meeting, also warned his Charleston friends of her coming. Anderson does not seem to have received his notice, though he gathered from newspapers that some such enterprise was being matured. He was, therefore, not greatly surpris
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Chapter 3: the Confederate States' rebellion. (search)
to her (Mississippi) those guarantees and principles of liberty which had been pledged to her by the fathers of the Revolution, were but tricks of the conspiracy for local use and effect. The managers well understood that if the States were once committed to secession, the mere revolutionary momentum of the crisis would carry them to whatever combination they might devise. The whole plan appears to have been more fully matured and adopted in a Washington caucus held on the night of January 5, 1861, at which time four important points were arranged: 1st, the Cotton States should immediately secede; 2d, that delegates should be chosen to meet in Montgomery, to organize a confederacy, not later than February 15th; 3d, that the conspirators would remain in Congress as long as possible, to obstruct coercive legislation; and 4th, that Jefferson Davis, Slidell, and Mallory be appointed a committee to carry out the objects of the caucus. Thus, more than a month before his inauguration a
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 4: seditious movements in Congress.--Secession in South Carolina, and its effects. (search)
ad organized his cabinet, assumed the exalted position of the Chief Magistrate of an independent nation. His constitutional advisers consisted of A. G. Magrath, Secretary of State; D. F. Jamison, Secretary of War; C. G. Memminger, Secretary of the Treasury; W. W. Harllee, Postmaster-General; and A. C. Garlington, Secretary of the Interior. After making provision for military operations, and transacting some other business, chiefly in secret session, the Convention adjourned, on the 5th of January, 1861, subject to the call of the President. They had ordered the table, President's chair, inkstand, and other things used at the ceremony of signing the Ordinance of Secession, to be placed in the State House at Columbia, for preservation. The Legislature of South Carolina, which had been in session during the sitting of the Convention, but almost idle, now took measures for putting the State in a strongly defensive attitude. A loan of four hundred thousand dollars was authorized, wh
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 6: Affairs at the National Capital.--War commenced in Charleston harbor. (search)
was heaving with excitement. Union and secession cockades were worn by men and women in the streets. Full fifty Union flags were displayed; and that night a police force was detailed to guard the house where the Commissioners dwelt. Thus terminated the diplomatic correspondence between the President of the Republic and the Embassadors of a treasonable Oligarchy in one of the weaker States of the Union. Having occupied the ministerial residence on K Street ten days, they left it, January 5, 1861. and returned home, to engage in the work of conspiracy with all their might. Trescot had started for Charleston on New Year's Day. With the opening of the new year, the faith of the people in the Administration was somewhat revived by evidences of its determination to enforce the laws. The President, under better counselors, seemed disposed to do his duty boldly. It was evident that plans for the seizure of Washington City and the Government were fast ripening. Lieutenant-Genera
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 9: proceedings in Congress.--departure of conspirators. (search)
cians, late in December; 1860. and early in January it was authoritatively proclaimed, in an anonymous communication published in the National Intelligencer at the seat of Government, and signed Eaton. It was written by a distinguished citizen of the South, who formerly represented his State in the popular branch of Congress, and was then temporarily sojourning in Washington. National Intelligencer, January 9, 1861. He charged that a caucus was held on the preceding Saturday night January 5, 1861. in that city, by the Senators from seven of the Cotton-producing States (naming them These were, Benjamin Fitzpatrick and Clement C. Clay, Jr., of Alabama; R. W. Johnson and William K. Sebastian, of Arkansas; Robert Toombs and Alfred Iverson, of Georgia; Judah P. Benjamin and John Slidell, of Louisiana; Jefferson Davis and Albert G. Brown, of Mississippi; John Hemphill and Lewis T. Wigfall, of Texas; and David L. Yulee and Stephen R. Mallory, of Florida.), who, at that time, resolve
nce the autocrat of the State--out of the Senate, and, ultimately, out of public life. In accordance with their settled policy, the most of them had professed to support Senator Douglas for President in 1860; and, on the strength of their regularity as Democrats, had elected Claiborne F. Jackson as Governor, Thomas C. Reynolds as Lieut. Governor, and a Legislature either thoroughly committed or easily molded to their ultimate schemes. Of this Legislature, the Senate had instructed Jan. 5th, 1861. its Committee on Federal Relations to report a bill calling a State Convention, which, in due time, became a law. Jan. 16th. The Convention was accordingly chosen and held; but, when it came to assemble, not one avowed Disunionist was found among its members. Even Sterling Price, a Democratic ex-Governor, who in due time became one of the ablest and most successful of Rebel Generals, had secured his election only by a profession of Unionism. Its Committee on Federal Relations, thro
inions of the war, P. 139 Canton, Md., bridges at, burned, D. 35 Carey, —, Quartermaster N. Y. 5th Regiment. D. 89 Cary, Major, of the rebel army, D. 80 Carlisle, John S., speech at Wheeling, May 11, D. 67; in the Virginia Convention, D. 101; Doc. 328; speech in the Wheeling (Va.) Convention, June 14, Doc. 374; conversation with Henry A. Wise, P. 40 Carr, Joseph B., Col. 2d Regiment N. Y. S. V., Doc. 269; W. C. N., D. 29 Carrington, Edward C., his call of Jan. 5, 1861, D. 10; Doc. 17 Carroll, Edward, oration of, D. 17 Caspian, the schooner, D. 16 Cass, Lewis, D. 29; D. 43; Gen. Wool's letter to, on the necessity of reinforcing the Southern forts, Doc. 11; speech at Detroit, April 24, Doc. 145 Castle Pinckney, S. C., taken possession of by rebels, D. 7; Commander Pettigru at, D. 8 Castleton, Vt., Union Meeting at, D. 45 Catawba Indians. See Indians. Catholics of the South refuse fellowship with those of the Nort
tain the national flag, and as such was responded to by the heart of the nation. Nothing has more endeared him to the people than his conduct on that occasion; my part in it was very humble, but as every thing connected with the subject is of interest and importance, I subjoin a brief narrative of facts falling within my knowledge, to serve as materials for the vindication of the President. Memorandum of facts concerning the attempt to send supplies to Fort Sumter in 1861. January fifth, 1861, whilst in New-York, I heard that a steamer, belonging to M. O. Roberts was about to leave, to carry supplies to the garrison of Fort Sumter. When an officer in the navy, I had commanded one of the United States mail steamers belonging to the line of which Mr. Roberts was president, and therefore I believed it possible for me to obtain command of the vessel designated to take supplies and troops to that Fort. Upon visiting the office of the company, in West street, I found that Capt
nspiracy of Southern Senators which planned the secession of the Southern States from the Union, and on the night of January 5, 1861, . . . framed the scheme of revolution which was implicity and promptly followed at the South. In other words, thato plan of secession or scheme of revolution was, to my knowledge, discussed—certainly none matured—at the caucus, 5th of January, 1861, unless, forsooth, the resolutions appended hereto be so held. They comprise the sum and substance of what was sa an independence and unanimity unprecedented in any movement of such magnitude. Before the meeting of the caucus of January 5, 1861, South Carolina had seceded, and Alabama, Mississippi, Florida, Louisiana, and Texas had taken the initial step of secember, 1860. Over and above all these facts, the reports of the United States Senate show that, prior to the 5th of January, 1861, Southern Senators united with Northern Democratic Senators in an effort to effect pacification and prevent secess
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Star of the West, (search)
and decided in the cabinet. It was soon evident that there were members of the cabinet who could not be trusted. Dangers were thickening; and the President, listening to the counsels of Holt and Scott, resolved to send supplies and men to Sumter, by stealth. The stanch merchant steam-vessel Star of the West was chartered by the government for the purpose and quickly laden with supplies. She was cleared for Savannah and New Orleans, so as to mislead spies, and left New York at sunset, Jan. 5, 1861. Far down the bay she received, under cover of thick darkness, four officers and 250 artillerists and marines, with their arms and ammunition, and proceeded to sea, under her commander, Capt. John McGowan. On the morning of Jan. 9 she reached Charleston Bar, before daylight. Finding all the shore-lights put out, she extinguished her own. Just at dawn a scouting steamboat discovered her, burned colored lights as signals, and ran for the inner harbor. the Star of the West had all her
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