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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., The Confederate Government at Montgomery. (search)
f the United States of America was ratified, and also, all Acts and parts of Acts of the General Assembly of this State, ratifying amendments of the said Constitution, are hereby repealed; and that the Union now subsisting between South Carolina and other States, under the name of the United States of America, is hereby dissolved. On her invitation, six other Southern States sent delegates to a convention in Montgomery, Alabama, for the purpose of organizing a Confederacy. On the 4th of February, 1861, this convention assembled. The material which constituted it was of a mixed character. There were members who were constitutionally timid and unfit by character and temperament to participate in such work as was on hand. Others had little knowledge of public affairs on a large scale, and had studied neither the resources of the South nor the conduct of the movement. A number of them, however, were men of ripe experience and statesmanlike grasp of the situation — men of large kno
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Chapter 3: the Confederate States' rebellion. (search)
Chapter 3: the Confederate States' rebellion. On the fourth day of February, 1861, while the Peace Conference met in Washington to consider propositions of compromise and concession, the delegates of the seceding States convened in Montgomery, Ala., to combine and solidify the general conspiracy into an organized and avowed rebellion. Such action had been arranged and agreed upon from the beginning. The congressional manifesto from Washington, as far back as December 14th, advised that we are satisfied the honor, safety, and independence of the Southern people require the organization of a Southern confederacy--a result to be obtained only by separate State secession. This agreement of the Washington caucus was steadily adhered to. The specious argument invented in Georgia, that we can make better terms outside of the Union than in it, and the public declaration of Mississippi's commissioner in Baltimore, that secession was not taken with the view of breaking up the presen
Chapter 2: election as President. The Convention of the seceding States was held at Montgomery, Alabama, on February 4, 1861. It was composed of delegates legally appointed. Their first work was to prepare a provisional Constitution for the new Confederacy, to be formed of the States which had withdrawn from the Union, for which the style Confederate States of America was adopted. The powers conferred upon them were adequate for the performance of this duty, the immediate necessity for which was obvious and urgent. This Constitution was adopted on February 8th, to continue in force for one year, unless superseded at an earlier date by a permanent organization. It was modelled on the Constitution of the United States. The Constitution was copied from the one the Confederates had just relinquished, to those who neither respected nor held its provisions sacred. Guided by experience, some stronger and more explicit clauses were interpolated. Instead of We, the People of th
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 7: Secession Conventions in six States. (search)
any hope of relief while the war continued, and they sat down to wait with faith and patience for the hour when Right should triumph and they should be redeemed. We have now noted the principal events connected with the so-called secession of seven Cotton-growing States, namely, South Carolina, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Georgia, and Texas, and their preparations for a convention of delegates, to be held, by common consent, at the city of Montgomery, Alabama, on the 4th of February, 1861, for the purpose of forming a confederacy of Slave-labor States. We have seen how, in these States, the serpent of Treason was hatched from the egg of Secession. We have seen how absolutely the secession movement was the work of ambitious politicians, evidently in opposition to the feelings of the great majority of the people, and how carefully they excluded the people from any participation in the matter, after they had used them in putting the revolutionary machinery in motion. O
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 8: attitude of the Border Slave-labor States, and of the Free-labor States. (search)
tructing a Union already dissolved. This manifesto was signed by R. M. T. Hunter and nine others. The following are the names attached to the document:--James M. Mason, R. M. T. Hunter, D. C. De Jarnette, M. R. H. Garnett, Shelton F. Leake, E. S. Martin, H. A. Edmonston, Roger A. Pryor, Thomas S. Bocock, A. G. Jenkins. Hunter was the ablest man among them, and one of the most dangerous of the chief conspirators against the Government. The election was held on the, appointed day, February 4, 1861. and of the one hundred and fifty-two delegates chosen, a large majority were opposed to secession. Concealing this. fact, and using the other fact, that the unconditional Unionists were few, the newspapers in the interest of the conspirators declared that not twenty submissionist Union men had been chosen. Virginia, said the leading organ of the secessionists in that State, R. M. T. Hunter. will, before the 4th of March, declare herself absolved from all further obligation to
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 10: Peace movements.--Convention of conspirators at Montgomery. (search)
r H. Stephens Vice-President of the Confederacy, 252. Stephens's speeches committees appointed, 253. action of the Convention concerning a flag for the Confederacy, 254. first assumption of Sovereignty South Carolinians offended, 256. Davis journeys to Montgomery his reception and inauguration, 257. Davis's Cabinet, 258. sketch of Davis and Stephens, 259.--Confederate Commissioners sent to Europe Stephens expounds the principles of the New Government, 260. On Monday, the 4th of February, 1861, the day on which Slidell and Benjamin left the Senate, a Convention known as the Peace Congress, or Conference, assembled in Willard's Hall, in Washington City, a large room in a building originally erected as a church edifice on F Street, and then attached to Willard's Hotel. This Convention, as we have observed, See page 194. was proposed by resolutions of the Virginia Legislature, passed on the 19th of January, 1861. and highly approved by the President of the Republic. Th
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 11: the Montgomery Convention.--treason of General Twiggs.--Lincoln and Buchanan at the Capital. (search)
man, and not as an embassador; whereupon Senator Clay wrote an angry letter to the President, February 1. too foolish in matter and manner to deserve a place in history. The Sovereign State of Alabama then withdrew, in the person of Mr. Judge, who argued that the course of the President implied either an abandonment of all claims to the National property within the limits of his State, or a desire that it should be retaken by the sword. Letter of Senator Clay to Commissioner Judge, February 4, 1861. No further attempts to open diplomatic intercourse between the United States and the banded conspirators in seceded States were made during the remainder of Mr. Buchanan's Administration; and he quietly left the chair of State for private life, a deeply sorrowing man. Governor, said the President to Senator Fitzpatrick, a few weeks before, January 24. when the latter was about to depart for Alabama, the current of events warns me that we shall never meet again on this side the gra
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 16: Secession of Virginia and North Carolina declared.--seizure of Harper's Ferry and Gosport Navy Yard.--the first troops in Washington for its defense. (search)
y easy achievement. Map of Norfolk and vicinity. Let us consider the events at that Capital and its vicinity at this critical period in its history. Notwithstanding the protestations of the leading conspirators everywhere, before the attack on Fort Sumter, that they had no aggressive designs against the Republic; notwithstanding the Legislature of Virginia had, on the day when the Peace Convention assembled at Washington and the Convention of conspirators began at Montgomery, February 4, 1861. endeavored to lull the National Government into a sense of security most fatal to its life, by resolving that there were no just grounds for believing that citizens of Virginia meditate an attack on or seizure of the Federal property, or invasion of the District of Columbia, and that all preparations to resist the same are unnecessary, so far as this State is concerned, it was too well known that leading and powerful politicians in Maryland and Virginia were secretly preparing to seize
affection for their whole country. that he had himself been obliged to join the Minute men of his neighborhood for safety, and had thus been compelled to assist in hanging six men of Northern birth because of their Union sentiments; and he personally knew that not less than one hundred men had been hung in his section of the State and in the adjoining section of Georgia, during the six weeks which preceded his escape in December, 1860. When, therefore, the time at length arrived, February 4, 1861. in pursuance of a formal invitation from South Carolina, for the assembling at Montgomery of a Convention of delegates from all the States which should, by that time, have seceded from the Union, with a view to the formation of a new Confederacy, the States which had united in the movement were as follows: States.Free Population in 1860.Slaves.Total. South Carolina301,271402,541703,812 Georgia595,097462,2321,057,829 Alabama529,164435,132964,296 Mississippi354,700436,696791,396
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 1: The Opening Battles. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller), Engagements of the Civil War with losses on both sides December, 1860-August, 1862 (search)
, 1860. December 20, 1860: ordinance of secession adopted by South Carolina. January, 1861. January 9, 1861: U. S. Steamer Star of the West fired upon in Charleston harbor by South Carolina troops. January 9, 1861: Mississippi seceded. January 10, 1861: Florida seceded. January 11, 1861: Alabama seceded. January 19, 1861: Georgia seceded. January 26, 1861: Louisiana seceded. February, 1861. February 1, 1861: Texas seceded. February 4, 1861: Confederate States of America provisionally organized at Montgomery, Ala. February 9, 1861: Jefferson Davis elected provisional President of the Confederate States of America. February 18, 1861: Jefferson Davis inaugurated President of the Confederate States at Montgomery, Ala. March, 1861. March 4, 1861: Abraham Lincoln inaugurated President of the United States at Washington. April, 1861. April 12, 1861: bombardment of Fort Sumter, S. C. Union 1st
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