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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 34. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), William Smith, Governor of Virginia, and Major-General C. S. Army, hero and patriot. (search)
ttle worth. More especially is this true of this day of all days, when North and South, all over the land, there is an outpouring of the people to honor themselves by paying a loving tribute to the memory of our glorious, our happy dead—happy, because nothing can harm them further, while the memory of their heroic deeds, of their lives offered as a willing sacrifice upon the altar of duty, is sweeter and more fragrant far than the flowers with which we bestrew their honored graves. In April, 1861, the storm so long threatened burst upon us. The land was alive with men hurrying to the front. It is scarcely a figure of speech to say, that the plow was left in the furrow, and the bride at the altar, by those eager to be in place when the curtain was rung up on the greatest tragedy of ancient or modern times. In Virginia, Manassas was the first point of concentration, with an advanced post at Fairfax Courthouse composed of a company of infantry from Fauquier under John Quincy Marr
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 34. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.32 (search)
ch condition depended upon the ratification or rejection of the secession ordinance, adjourned to meet on the 1st day of June, proximo. Two days after the passage of this ordinance Mr. Lincoln issued his second war proclamation, the tenor of which was an open declaration of war against the seceded States, a blockade of the seaports of these States, and declaring any act on the part of these States on the high seas to be piracy. Such was the status of political affairs in Virginia in April, 1861. Prior to this time the conservative leaders of the State of thought and action had earnestly hoped and, nay, even fervently prayed that all national troubles might be amicably settled. So thoroughly were people of Virginia of this opinion that practically no preparations for war had been made, and when the events that have just been narrated occurred in such rapid succession, and the pen naturally yielded to the sword, and the whole country was precipitated into war, the State of V
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 35. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.30 (search)
y 15, 1865, was the youngest officer of the rank in the Confederate States Army. Another youthful commander is in evidence, General William R. Johnson Pegram, whose signature was W. J. Pegram. He was born in Petersburg, Va., in 1841; grandson of General Wm. R. Johnson, the Napoleon of the turf, son of General James W. Pegram, and nephew of Colonel Geo. H. Pegram, the Confederate commander of the battle of Rich Mountain. W. J. Pegram left the study of law at the University of Virginia in April, 1861, and enlisted as a private in F Company, of Richmond, Va. Willie Pegram was of small stature and wore glasses, but he was every inch a soldier, and born to command. While in camp at Fredericksburg, Va., in May, 1861, he was elected a lieutenant of the Purcell Battery of Artillery, commanded by Captain R. Lindsay Walker (subsequently Brigadier-General), and distinguished himself by conspicious gallantry at Manassas, Cedar Run, Chancellorville and Gettysburg, attaining the rank of Lieute
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 36. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.6 (search)
inia Historical Collections, New series. An address delivered to the Virginia Society of the sons of the American Revolution, at the Westmoreland Club, February 22, 1908, Richmond, Va., By Josiah Staunton Moore. The writer of this thoughtful paper, a retired merchant and capitalist, is now in the due enjoyment of the result of his enterprise and sagacity. He was born in Richmond, Virginia, June 18, 1843. His course of education was at the Jefferson Male Academy, which he left in April, 1861, to join the Confederate States Army, serving in Pickett's Division, Army of Northern Virginia. He was engaged in the battle of Bethel, the first, and Five Forks, the last pitched battle of the Civil War, and was captured at the last, and imprisoned at Point Lookout, until released, June 16, 1865. He has proven himself constantly alive to the various interests and progress of his native city and State. Among his representative connections, the following may be cited: Past Presid
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 36. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), History of Chimborazo hospital, C. S. A. From the News leader, January 7, 1909. (search)
or averaged, about forty or forty-five in all. There was also a medical examining board, composed of the surgeons of divisions, to pass on questions of furloughs and discharges. The subjoined roster is not complete, but includes some who are alive and still in active work: First Division—Assistant Surgeon George Ross, of Richmond, Va., assistant medical director A. P. Hill corps; vice-president National Association Railroad Surgeons, etc.; commanded company of University students, April, 1861, at Harper's Ferry. Assistant Surgeon James C. Watson, of Richmond, Va., in charge first division at surrender; ex-surgeon of State penitentiary, etc. Assistant Surgeons John G. Trevillian, of Richmond, Va.; J. Prosser Harrison, of Richmond, Va.; George F. Alsop, W. H. Pugh, John G. Baylor, of Norfolk, Va.; Board Woodson, of Virginia; Samuel Smith, of Farmville, Va. Second Division—Assistant Surgeon H. Cabell Tabb, of Richmond, Va., medical L. I. Co., of Virginia; ex-president Medical
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 37. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), General Armistead's portrait presented. (search)
Mexico he did splendid service. He led the storming party at Chapultepec, and was brevetted Captain and then Major for gallantry displayed at Contreras, and Cherubusco, and Molino Del Rey. That war being ended, he served for fourteen years on the frontier, and in 1859 marched against the hostile Indians and defeated them. On the secession of Virginia he promptly resigned his command in the old army, tramped on foot across the plains to Austin, Texas, came straight to Richmond, and in April, 1861, was made Colonel of the Fifty-seventh Virginia, and twelve months afterwards, in April, 1862, was commissioned Brigadier-General. In that capacity he fought at Seven Pines, at Malvern Hill, at Second Manassas, at Sharpsburg, displaying everywhere conspicuous gallantry, and winning by his coolness under fire, by his stern perseverance and his indomitable pluck, the applause of his superiors and the entire confidence of his men. During the first Maryland campaign he was made Provost Ma
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 37. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Colonel James Gregory Hodges. (search)
d, Capt. Nathaniel Edwards, and the Dismal Swamp Rangers, Capt. James C. Choat. On Saturday, the 20th day of April, 1861, when the regiment was ordered by Gov. Letcher into the service of the State, it consisted of the same companies except the Union Guard, which had been disbanded the year before. The twentieth of April, eighteen hundred and sixty-one— memorable day!. On this day commenced in Virginia an unproclaimed war. The ordinance of secession had been passed on the 17th, day of April, 1861. The proclamation of President Lincoln calling on Virginia for her quota of military forces to wage war against her sister States of the South brought all Virginians of true loyalty together. War was the inevitable result of national and State action. Gov. Letcher had sent down Gen. William B. Taliaferro to take charge of the organized forces of this section when called into the service of the State. At noon the United States authorities closed the doors of the navy yard and began the
Edward Brackett by Captain Martin Binney. Edward Brackett was the son of Thomas O. Brackett, of Somerville, Mass. He was a graduate of Harvard College, and was a student in the Harvard Law School when he enlisted, in April, 1861, in Captain George O. Brastow's company (I), Somerville Light Infantry, of the Fifth regiment, Massachusetts Volunteers (First Three Months Volunteers). He was in the skirmish at Wolf's Run Shoals, Va., July 18, 1861, while on the march to Bull Run, Va. Brackett was in this skirmish (with the writer of this sketch), and he behaved in most gallant and intrepid form. The men in this skirmish composed ten from each company, and were in charge of Captain Messer, of the Haverhill company. This detachment was thrown out on a side road to protect the left flank of the marching column. While the detachment was fording the creek—Wolf's Run—we came upon a body of the enemy and received their fire, and returned the compliment. Brackett stood in the middle of
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 1. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book V:—the first winter. (search)
departure, he succeeded in intimidating Hindman's soldiers, and in shaking the resolution of their leaders. They remained; and from that time the orders of particular States no longer prevailed against those of the Richmond cabinet. But it required more than a year to secure the supremacy of the latter; and this occurrence, which took place in 1862, will convey some idea of the difficulties which the delegates of that government had to encounter at the outset of the war. In the month of April, 1861, although six weeks had already elapsed since the call for one hundred thousand men, of which mention has been made, although the popular enthusiasm had caused a large number of volunteers to assemble at every point of the slave territory, Mr. Davis had only been able to get thirty-five thousand men among them to enlist in the service of the central government. This was a very small number; but the people of the South, who, in an unguarded moment, had overthrown the mild authority of th
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 2. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book VII:—politics. (search)
, which at the North was at the rate of four and five per cent., was six per cent. in the South. But despite his efforts, the Secretary only succeeded in disposing of a portion of the loan scrip he had been authorized to issue. On the 1st of August, 1862, the eight per cent. bonds voted for in February, 1861, had alone been subscribed for in full, amounting to 15,000,000 dollars; those of August only realized 22,613,346 dollars out of 100,000,000; the treasury notes at 7.30 per cent. of April, 1861, had realized 22,799,900 dollars, and the certificates of deposit authorized by the law of December 24th, 37,515,200 dollars, making in all 97,928,446 dollars. Consequently, notwithstanding the law which limited the issue to 105,000,000, the treasury had put in circulation legal tender notes to the amount of 187,977,560 dollars. It was in the midst of these difficulties that, on the 18th of August, Mr. Davis addressed his message to Congress stating the necessity of finding new resourc
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