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Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories 10 10 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 1. (ed. Frank Moore) 8 8 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the war of 1861-1865, vol. 2 8 8 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 5 5 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: May 1, 1861., [Electronic resource] 5 5 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 18. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 4 4 Browse Search
Hon. J. L. M. Curry , LL.D., William Robertson Garrett , A. M. , Ph.D., Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 1.1, Legal Justification of the South in secession, The South as a factor in the territorial expansion of the United States (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 3 3 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: may 31, 1861., [Electronic resource] 2 2 Browse Search
Benjamin Cutter, William R. Cutter, History of the town of Arlington, Massachusetts, ormerly the second precinct in Cambridge, or District of Menotomy, afterward the town of West Cambridge. 1635-1879 with a genealogical register of the inhabitants of the precinct. 2 2 Browse Search
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1. 2 2 Browse Search
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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., The Confederate Government at Montgomery. (search)
ts, was appointed and confirmed. The commissioners were A. B. Roman, of Louisiana, Martin J. Crawford, of Georgia, and John Forsyth, of Alabama. An act of February 26th provided for the repeal of all laws which forbade the employment in the coasting trade of vessels not enrolled or licensed, and all laws imposing discriminating duties on foreign vessels or goods imported in them. This Provisional Congress of one House held four sessions, as follows: I. February 4th-March 16th, 1861; II. April 29th May 22d, 1861; III. July 20th-August 22d, 1861; IV. November 18th, 1861-February 17th, 1862; the first and second of these at Montgomery, the third and fourth at Richmond, whither the Executive Department was removed late in May, 1861,--because of the hostile demonstrations of the United States Government against Virginia, as Mr. Davis says in his Rise and fall of the Confederate Government.--editors. In the organization of the convention, Howell Cobb was chosen to preside, and J. J. H
horough alarm, not only for his home at Wheatland, but for his personal safety. He had previously expressed to Mr. Davis his fear of his homeward route being lighted by burning effigies of himself. Actuated by this dread, he refused to receive the Commissioners or send any message to the Senate. Eight days after the inauguration of Mr. Lincoln the Commissioners announced their presence and object. The most concise account is found in a message of the Confederate President, sent April 29, 1861. Scarce had you assembled in February last, when, prior even to the inauguration of the Chief Magistrate, you had elected, you expressed your desire for the appointment of Commissioners, and for the settlement of all questions of disagreement between the two Governments upon principles of right, equity, and good faith. It was my pleasure, as well as my duty, to co-operate with you in this work of peace. Indeed, in my address to you, on taking the oath of office before receivi
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 18: the Capital secured.--Maryland secessionists Subdued.--contributions by the people. (search)
ion of the men engaged in the work. It was a car made of heavy boiler iron, musket-proof, with a 24-pound cannon mounted at one end, on a gun-carriage. This was to fire grape, canister, and chain shot, while a garrison of sixty men inside would have an opportunity to employ musketry, through holes pierced in the sides and ends for the purpose. General Scott planned a grand campaign against Baltimore. I suppose, he said, in a letter to General Butler, General Patterson, and others, April 29, 1861. that a column from this place [Washington] of three thousand men, another from York of three thousand men, a third from Perryville, or Elkton, by land or water, or both, of three thousand men, and a fourth from Annapolis, by water, of three thousand men, might suffice. Twelve thousand men, it was thought, might be wanted for the enterprise. They were not in hand, for at least ten thousand troops were yet needed at the capital, to give it perfect security. The Lieutenant-General thoug
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 20: commencement of civil War. (search)
reatest possible haste and in the greatest possible numbers. At the beginning of May there were sixteen thousand of them on their way to Virginia or within its borders, and, with the local troops of that Commonwealth, were pressing on toward Washington, or to important points of communication with it. At the same time measures were on foot at Montgomery for organizing an army of one hundred thousand men. Message of Jefferson Davis to the Congress of the Confederate States of America, April 29, 1861. The enthusiasm among the young men of the ruling class in the South was equal to that of the young men of the North. Notwithstanding the proclamation of the President, calling for seventy-five thousand men, was read by crowds, on the bulletin-boards of the telegraph-offices in every town, with roars of laughter and derision, and cheers for the great rail-splitter Abraham, as one of their chroniclers avers, and few believed that there would be war, companies were formed on the spot,
Charles Congdon, Tribune Essays: Leading Articles Contributing to the New York Tribune from 1857 to 1863. (ed. Horace Greeley), Southern Notions of the North. (search)
narchy, and of the Northern people as a godless mob of Puritans, Freelovers, Abolitionists, Mormons, Atheists and Amalgamationists, has given the gentlemen who have cast away the slave-whip for the sword quite a mistaken notion of our resources as well as of our character. Consequently, having said to us in the elegant language of Marshal Rynders. We do n't believe a word in your d — d philanthropy, they consider that by saying, so they have floored us. We beg leave to announce to them that they will find, no free-love in our fire-arms, no irreligion in our revolvers no theories in our bombardments no Mormonism in our musketry, no cant in our commissariat, and no niggardliness in our military chests. We are not wild Indians--we are not all mulattoes — we are not all mere shop-keepers — we are not all misers — we are not all mobocarats — some of us at least are honest men, with no particular inclination to be beaten, but with a decided inclination to resist injury. April 29, 186
Xxxi. The forces in conflict. Davis's first Message relative strength of the North and the South European opinion Slavery Cotton military training army officers Northern sympathy with the South the heart of the people for the old flag and their whole country. Mr. Jefferson Davis, in his Special Message to his Congress, Montgomery, April 29, 1861. wherein he asserts that war has been declared against the Confederacy by President Lincoln's Proclamation of April 15th, heretofore given, with more plausibility asserts that the Democratic party of the Free States stands publicly committed to the principles which justify the secession and confederation of the States owning his sway, by its reiterated affirmation and adoption of the Resolutions of ‘98 and ‘99, He says: From a period as early as 1798, there had existed in all the States a party, almost uninterruptedly in the majority, based upon the creed that each State was, in the last resort, the sole judge,
d were accounted conservatives, though they disclaimed partisanship, who, from the hour of the first tidings of the bombardment of Fort Sumter by the Confederates, consecrated all they had to the maintenance of the Union. This class is fitly represented by the eminent New York merchant, A. T. Stewart, who acted throughout in the spirit evinced in the following business letter, which, unexpectedly to the writer, first reached the public through the [Rebel] Memphis Appeal: New York, April 29, 1861. dear Sir — Your letter requesting to know whether or not I had offered a million of dollars to the Government for the purposes of the war, and at the same time informing me that neither yourself nor your friends would pay their debts to the firm as they mature, has been received. The intention not to pay seems to be nearly universal in the South, aggravated in your case by the assurance that it does not arise from inability; but, whatever may be your determination, or that of othe
he advancing Confederate brigade with his regiment. Alone and unsupported it attacked them, drove them back, and captured their colors. But it was accomplished at a terrible cost; of the eight companies engaged--262 all told--215 were killed and wounded. It is the largest percentage of loss recorded in the annals of modern warfare. It was in action again on the following day, its casualties at Gettysburg aggregating 51 killed, and 173 wounded; total, 224. This regiment was organized April 29, 1861, and was the first in the Union Army to be mustered in for three years. It fought at First Bull Run--then in Franklin's Brigade, Heintzelman's Division. Its casualties on that field were 42 killed, 108 wounded, and 30 missing, the largest loss sustained by any regiment there. It was assigned, soon after, to the First Brigade, Second Division, Second Corps, in which it remained during its service. Second Iowa Infantry. Sweeny's Brigade — Dodge's Division--Sixteenth Corps. (
message. True, the State Rights leaders profess to appeal to the Constitution itself in support of their views; but with such a conscious hopelessness of aid from that quarter, that they are driven to actual falsification of its terms, plain as they are, and open as they be to the perusal of every reading man. The latest and most authoritative, and therefore most flagrant, of all the efforts to blind and mislead the people on this subject, is that of Jefferson Davis, in his message of April 29, 1861, to the Congress of the insurgent States; wherein he attempts a vindication of this State Rights doctrine, ostensibly from the words of the Constitution, but, in fact, with a strange and most daring perversion and suppression of them; to which let us briefly direct attention. Mr. Davis, referring to the occasion of convening the Congress, characterizes it as indeed an extraordinary one, and adds--It justifies me in a brief review of the relations heretofore existing between us and the
Letter from Mrs. President Davis.--The following letter from Mrs. Jefferson Davis was written in acknowlegment of the receipt of a beautiful work-box, manufactured and presented to her by several patriotic misses of Petersburg:-- Montgomery, Ala., April 29, 1861. my dear young ladies: Permit me, before thanking you for your kind present, and wishes for my husband's welfare, to congratulate you upon the secession of Virginia — the birthplace of my mother, as well as yours. The elder, and honored sister of the Southern States, is received with tearful joy among us, and many hands wilt fashion stars with which to mark this brilliant accession to our galaxy. The possession of a work-box manufactured by little Southern girls, so industrious, so enthusiastic, and so patriotic, will be much prized by me; and I will leave it to my daughter with the note which precedes it, as a precious legacy. Long ere you reach the responsibility of a useful womanhood, may we have united
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