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Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for July, 1861 AD or search for July, 1861 AD in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Alabama. (search)
labama sent a commissioner to Washington as an ambassador, but he was not received. During the war that ensued. Alabama bore her share of the burden, and her cities and plantations suffered from the ravages of the conflict. Wilson's cavalry raid through the State caused great destruction of property. During the war Alabama furnished 122,000 troops to the Confederate army, of whom 35,000 were killed or wounded. Montgomery, in the interior of the State, was the Confederate capital until July, 1861, when the seat of government was removed to Richmond. At the close of the war a provisional governor for Alabama was appointed (June 21. 1865), and in September a convention re-ordained the civil and criminal laws, excepting such as related to slavery: declared the Ordinance of Secession and the State war-debt null; passed an ordinance against slavery: and provided for an election of State officers, who were chosen in November. The government thus constituted remained in force until supe
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Blenker, Louis, 1812-1863 (search)
Blenker, Louis, 1812-1863 Military officer; born in Worms, Hesse-Darmstadt, Germany, July 31, 1812; was one of the Bavarian Legion. raised to accompany King Otho to Greece. In 1848-49, he became a leader of the revolutionists, and finally fled to Switzerland. Ordered to leave that country ( September, 1849). he came to the United States. At the beginning of the Civil War he raised a regiment, and, early in July, 1861, was put at the head of a brigade, chiefly of Germans. In the Army of the Potomac he commanded a division for a while, which was sent to western Virginia, and participated in the battle of cross Keys (q. v.). He died in Rockland county, N. Y., Oct. 31, 1863.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bull Run, battles of. (search)
prompt and vigorous movements for the defence of Washington, D. C. Beauregard was there with the main Confederate army, and Gen. J. E. Johnston was at Winchester, in the Shenandoah Valley, with a large body of troops, with which he might reinforce the former. Gen. Robert Patterson was at Martinsburg with 18,000 Nationals to keep Johnston at Winchester. Gen. Irvin McDowell was in command of the Department of Virginia, with his headquarters at Arlington House; and, at about the middle of July, 1861, he was ordered to move against the Confederates. With 20,000 troops he marched from Arlington Heights (July 16), for the purpose of flanking the Confederate right wing. A part of his troops under General Tyler had a severe battle with them at Blackburn's Ford (July 18), and were repulsed (see Blackburn's Ford, battle of). McDowell found he could not flank the Confederates, so he proceeded to make a direct attack upon them, not doubting Patterson would be able to keep Johnston in the val
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Carricksford, battle of. (search)
Carricksford, battle of. In July, 1861, after the battle on rich Mountain (q. v.), the Confederates under Pegram, threatened by McClellan, stole away to Garnett's camp, when the united forces hastened to Carricksford, on a branch of the Cheat River, pursued by the Nationals. After crossing that stream, Garnett made a stand. He was attacked by Ohio and Indiana troops. After a short engagement, the Confederates fled. While Garnett was trying to rally them, he was shot dead. The Confederates fled to the mountains, and were pursued about 2 miles.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Christian commission, United States (search)
Christian commission, United States an organization that had its origin in the Young Men's Christian Association, in New York City, and was first suggested by Vincent Colyer (q. v.), who, with Frank W. Ballard and Mrs. Dr. Harris, who represented the Ladies' Aid Society, of Philadelphia, went to Washington immediately after the battle of Bull Run (July, 1861), to do Christian work in the camps and hospitals there. Mr. Colyer distributed Bibles and tracts and hymnbooks among the soldiers, and held prayer-meetings. In August he suggested the combination of all the Young Men's Christian Associations of the land in the formation of a society similar to that of the United States Sanitary Commission. The suggestion was acted upon, and at a meeting of the Young Men's Christian Association, held in New York, Sept. 23, 1861, a committee was appointed to conduct the correspondence, and make arrangements for holding a national convention of such associations. A convention was called,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ely, Alfred, 1815-1892 (search)
Ely, Alfred, 1815-1892 Lawyer; born in Lyme, Conn., Feb. 18, 1815; settled in Rochester, N. Y., in 1835; admitted to the bar in 1841; member of Congress in 1859-63. He was taken prisoner by the Confederates while visiting the battle-field of Bull Run in July, 1861, and confined in Libby prison for six months; was then exchanged for Charles J. Faulkner, the minister to France, who had been arrested for disloyalty. While in Libby prison he kept a journal, which was later published as the Journal of Alfred Ely, a prisoner of War in Richmond. He died in Rochester, N. Y., May 18, 1892.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Habeas corpus, (search)
sues a writ of Habeas corpus May 27, to Gen. Geo. Cadwallader on appeal by John Merryman, of Baltimore, then confined in Fort McHenry [On the general's refusal to obey the writ Taney attempts to arrest him, but fails.]May 25, 1861 Theophilus Parsons supports President's power to suspendJune 5, 1861 Attorney-General Bates asserts the President's power to declare martial law and suspend the writ of habeas corpusJuly 5, 1861 One hundred and seventy-four persons committed to Fort Lafayette,July to Oct., 1861 Suspension of the writ made generalSept. 24, 1862 Congress by act upholds this powerMarch 3, 1863 Vallandigham arrestedMay 4 1863 President suspends by proclamationSept. 15, 1863 All persons held under suspension of the writ dischargedMay, 1864 Suspends in KentuckyJuly 5, 1864 President Johnson restores the writ of habeas corpus except in the late insurrectionary States, District of Columbia, New Mexico, and Arizona, by proclamationDec. 11, 1865 In all States and Territo
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hartsuff, George Lucas 1830-1874 (search)
Hartsuff, George Lucas 1830-1874 Military officer; born in Tyre, N. Y., May 28, 1830; graduated at West Point in 1852, and served first in Texas and Florida. In 1856 he was assistant instructor in artillery and infantry tactics at West Point. He was made assistant adjutantgeneral, with the rank of captain, in March, 1861; served at Fort Pickens from April till July, 1861, and then in western Virginia, under General Rosecrans. In April, 1862, he was made brigadier-general of volunteers, and commanded Abercrombie's brigade in the battles of Cedar Mountain, Manassas, and Antietam, receiving a severe wound in the latter engagement. In November he was promoted to major-general; and in the spring of 1863 was sent to Kentucky, where he commanded the 23d Corps. He was in command of the works at Bermuda Hundred in the siege of Petersburg, 1864-65. In March, 1865, he was brevetted major-general in the United States army; in 1867-71 was adjutant-general of the 5th Military Division and
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hunter, Robert Mercer Taliaferro 1809- (search)
member of the House of Delegates when twenty-four years of age; and was a member of Congress from 1837 to 1841, and from 1845 to 1847. From 1839 to 1841 he was speaker. He was one of the most persistent supporters of the doctrine of State supremacy and of the slave-labor system, advocating with vehemence all measures calculated to enforce the practical operations of the former and to nationalize the latter. In 1847 he became a United States Senator, and remained such by re-election until July, 1861, when he was expelled from that body for treason against the government. He became the Confederate secretary of state, and afterwards a member of the Confederate Congress. After the war he was held for a while as a prisoner of state, but was released and pardoned by President Johnson in 1867. He was an unsuccessful candidate for United States Senator in 1874; became State treasurer of Virginia in 1877; and shortly before his death, July 18, 1887, became collector at Tappahannock, Va.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Jackson, Claiborne Fox 1807-1862 (search)
n the efforts of pro-slavery men to make Kansas a slave-labor State. In 1822 he went to Missouri; was a captain in the Black Hawk War; served several years in the State legislature; and was elected governor of Missouri by the Democrats in 1860. In 1855 he led a band of lawless men from Missouri, who, fully armed, encamped around Lawrence, Kan., where he took measures to prevent a legal polling of votes at an election for members of the territorial legislature, late in March. His followers threatened to hang a judge who attempted to secure an honest vote, and by threats compelled another to receive every vote offered by a Missourian. When the Civil War broke out, Jackson made strenuous efforts to place Missouri on the side of secession, but was foiled chiefly through the efforts of Gen. Nathaniel Lyon. He was deposed by the Missouri State convention, in July, 1861, when he entered the Confederate military service as a brigadier-general. He died in Little Rock, Ark., Dec. 6, 1862.
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