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John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Chapter 12: West Virginia. (search)
ollowed the main contests of the war, of which history will hardly make a note. But this petty skirmish with three hundred rebels on Rich Mountain, and this rout of a little rear-guard at Carrick's Ford, were speedily followed by large political and military results. They closed a campaign, dispersed a rebel army, recovered a disputed State, permanently pushed back the military frontier. They enabled McClellan to send a laconic telegram, combining in one report Huttonsville, Va., July 14, 1861. Colonel Townsend: Garnett and forces routed; his baggage and one gun taken: his army demoral-ized; Garnett killed. We have annihilated the enemy in Western Virginia, and have lost thirteen killed, and not more than forty wounded. We have in all killed at least two hundred of the enemy, and their prisoners will amount to at least one thousand. Have taken seven guns in all. I still look for the capture of the remnant of Garnett's army by General Hill. The troops defeated are the cra
Doc. 88.-General McClellan's report. Huttonsville, Va., July 14, 1861. Col. E. D. Townsend, Ass't Adjutant-General: General Garnett and his forces have been routed and his baggage and one gun taken. His army are completely demoralized. General Garnett was killed while attempting to rally his forces at Carrackford, near St. George. We have completely annihilated the enemy in Western Virginia. Our loss is but thirteen killed and not more than forty wounded, while the enemy's loill they had, in anticipation of a battle, dug a pit into which to throw the killed of the enemy, and labelled it For Union men. The same pit was filled with their own ghastly dead. flint. U. S. camp near Huttonville, Randolph Co., Va., Sunday, July 14, 1861 The campaign of Maj.-Gen. McClellan in Western Virginia has terminated in the complete destruction and rout of the rebel army. Sublime was Gov. Letcher's proclamation to the people of Western Virginia, and fearful was the retribution
Doc. 91.-report of Col. Davies. Headquarters, 2D brigade, 5TH Division, Alexandria, July 14, 1861. To Col. Miles, Commanding 5th Division Troops, Department of Northeastern Virginia. Sir::--In pursuance of your verbal order of yesterday, I made a reconnoissance on the Fairfax road, seven miles out, and on the Richmond road about ten miles, and on the Mount Vernon road as far as Mount Vernon. The pickets on the Fairfax road captured a newly-painted ambulance, containing a set of harness and two bags of buckwheat. On the curtain, on the inside, was distinctly written in pencil, John Hughes, Fairfax. The picket on the Richmond road saw three horsemen, who, by a dexterous turn, evaded a shot from the picket. The picket on the Mount Vernon road, in its diligence, discovered, on the premises of one John A. Washington, formerly a resident and still an occupant of a large estate near Mount Vernon, what was supposed to amount to eight thousand pounds of bacon, and seventy-five b
Elias Nason, McClellan's Own Story: the war for the union, the soldiers who fought it, the civilians who directed it, and his relations to them., Chapter 3: private letters of Gen. McClellan to his wife. [June 21 to July 21, 1861.] (search)
a perfectly pastoral scene, such as the old painters dreamed of but never realized. . . . I find that the prisoners are beyond measure astonished at my humanity towards them. The bearer of the flag from Pegram reached me about five this morning. He had been two days without food. I at once gave him some breakfast, and shortly after gave him a drink of whiskey; as he drank it he said: I thank you, general I drink that I may never again be in rebellion against the general government. July 14, 1861. I have released the doctor this morning of whom I told you. Also sent a lieutenant to carry back the body of his captain. Also those poor young boys of good family who had lost their limbs. I have tried to temper justice with mercy. I think these men will do me no harm, but that some mothers and sisters and wives will bless the name of your husband. . . . Started this morning with a strong advanced guard, supported by two regiments, to test the question as to whether the rebe
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Virginia, (search)
ginia troops transferred to the Confederate government by the governor......June 8, 1861 Affair at Big Bethel, near Fortress Monroe......June 10, 1861 General Patterson crosses the Potomac at Williamsport......July 2, 1861 Affair at Rich Mountain, W. Va.; the Confederates under Col. George H. Pegram defeated by the Federals under General Rosecrans......July 11, 1861 Battle at Carricksford, W. Va.; Confederates defeated, with the loss of their general, Robert S. Garnett......July 14, 1861 Battle of Bull Run......July 21, 1861 General Patterson relieves Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks in command of the Department of the Shenandoah......July 25, 1861 Maj.-Gen. George B. McClellan appointed to the Army of the Potomac......July 27, 1861 Holding or accepting office under the federal government declared treason by the State......Aug. 1, 1861 Battle of Ball's Bluff......Oct. 21, 1861 West Virginia votes for a separation from Virginia; vote substantially unanimous......
one of them. What Mr. Davis says, to-day, of that conference, shows how wise and how far-seeing were Generals Johnston, Beauregard, and Smith, in preparing the paper alluded to, which has aroused to such an extent the ire of the ex-President. General Beauregard, for one, had already had occasion to learn what light work could be made with a plan of operations verbally submitted to the Commander-in-Chief of our armies. We refer to the plan proposed, through Colonel Chestnut, on the 14th of July, 1861, before the battle of Manassas, which Mr. Davis denied having ever had any official cognizance of, because no written communication had been handed to him at the time; and because, no doubt, he was unaware that a full report of the circumstance had been drawn up by Colonel Chestnut, and was in General Beauregard's possession. And here, perhaps, the following query may find a fitting place in this review: Did Mr. Davis ever communicate to General Beauregard his official endorsement up
sas report which revealed to the public his plan of campaign, as proposed to the President through Colonel Chestnut, for the occupation of Maryland and the capture of Washington, Chapter VIII:, page 85. which had been, at that time, the 14th of July, 1861, discarded by Mr. Davis and pronounced impracticable. This publication, and the discussion arising from it, were subjects of much concern to General Beauregard, who, deploring all division among our leaders, refused to take any part whatevr to enclose you herewith, at the earliest moment practicable, a copy of the following papers relating to the strategic part of my report of the battle of Manassas, to wit: 1st. Report of the Hon. James Chestnut of his visit to Richmond, July 14th, 1861, to submit to you my plan of operations for the defeat of the enemy. The original of this report has just been received from New Orleans, where it had been sent for safe-keeping, with other important papers. See Colonel Chestnut's report
ort, was altogether futile, and might as well have been acquiescence. Mr. Davis never hesitated to reject the plans of any of the generals commanding in the field when, in his opinion, there was sufficient reason for so doing. He had gone farther, and, on former occasions, had openly prohibited the execution of many a proposed military movement. We refer to the plan of aggressive campaign prepared by General Beauregard and submitted to the President, through Colonel Chestnut, on the 14th of July, 1861; to the advance urged at the Fairfax Court-house conference, in October of the same year, by Generals J. E. Johnston, Beauregard, and G. W. Smith; to the plan of campaign suggested, instead of the invasion of Pennsylvania, in 1863; to the proposed concerted attack upon Butler's forces, near Bermuda Hundreds, in May, 1864, by the whole of General Beauregard's army, reinforced by 10,000 men from the Army of Northern Virginia. On those occasions the President's purpose was clear, his opp
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Battles, Virginia, 1861 (search)
r ViennaOHIO--1st Infantry. Union loss, 8 killed, 4 wounded, 9 missing. Total, 21. June 24: Affair, Rappahannock RiverConfederate Reports. June 27: Action, Mathias PointU. S. Navy--"Pawnee" and "Freeborn." Union loss, 1 killed, 4 wounded. Total, 5. July 1: Picket Affair, Shutter's HillPENNSYLVANIA--4th Infantry (Co. "E"). July 5: Skirmish, Newport NewsNEW YORK--9th Infantry (Detachment). Union loss, 6 wounded. July 12: Skirmish, Newport NewsNEW YORK--7th Infantry (Detachment Co. "E"). July 14: Reconnoissance from Alexandria on Fairfax, Richmond and Mt. Vernon RoadsNEW YORK--16th, 18th, 31st and 32d Infantry. UNITED STATES--Battery "G" 2d Arty. July 16-21: Advance on Manassas (McDowell's)CONNECTICUT--1st, 2d and 3d Infantry. MAINE--2d, 3d, 4th and 5th Infantry. MASSACHUSETTS--1st, 5th and 11th Infantry. MICHIGAN--1st, 2d, 3d and 4th Infantry. MINNESOTA--1st Infantry. NEW HAMPSHIRE--2d Infantry. NEW JERSEY--1st, 2d, 3d and 4th State Militia Infantry, 1st, 2d and 3d Infantry. NEW
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories, New York Volunteers. (search)
6th Army Corps, to May, 1863. Service. Reconnoissance from Alexandria on Fairfax Road July 14, 1861. Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21. Fairfax Court House July 17. Battle of Bull e, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, to May, 1863. Service. Reconnoissance on Fairfax Road July 14, 1861. Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21. Fairfax Court House July 17. Battle of Bull the Potomac, to May, 1863. Service. Camp at Kalorama Heights, Washington, D. C., till July 14, 1861. Garrison at Fort Runyon till August 20. Transferred to United States service for bala6th Army Corps, to June, 1863. Service. Reconnoissance from Alexandria on Fairfax Road July 14, 1861. Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21. Battle of Bull Run July 21. Duty in the Defeof the Potomac, to June, 1863. Service. Reconnoissance from Alexandria on Fairfax Road July 14, 1861. Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21. Near Fairfax Court House July 17. Battle of
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