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return to their own homes! If I know my own heart, I do not desire vengeance upon them, but only that they would leave us in peace, to be forever and forever a separate people. It is true that we have slaughtered them, and whipped them, and driven them from our land, but they are people of such indomitable perseverance, that I am afraid that they will come again, perhaps in greater force. The final result I do not fear; but I do dread the butchery of our young men. Mountain view, July 29, 1861. Mr. ---- and myself came over here on Friday, to spend a few days with the Bishop and his family. He delivered a delightful address yesterday in the church, on the thankfulness and praise due to Almighty God, for (considering the circumstances) our unprecedented victory at Manassas. Our President and Congress requested that thanks should be returned in all of our churches. All rejoice for the country, though there are many bleeding hearts in our land. Among our acquaintances, Mr.
ion of Lieutenant-Colonel Maury as an officer, and warm personal regard for him. Most respectfully, Your obedient servant, Joseph E. Johnston, General C. S. A. Upon this letter President Davis endorsed the word, insubordinate. On July 29, 1861, General Johnston wrote again to General Cooper: headquarters, Manassas, July 29, 1861. General: I had the honor to write to you on the 24th instant on the subject of my rank compared with that of other officers of the Confederate Army. July 29, 1861. General: I had the honor to write to you on the 24th instant on the subject of my rank compared with that of other officers of the Confederate Army. Since then I have received daily orders purporting to come from the Head Quarters of the forces, some of them in relation to the internal affairs of this army. Such orders I cannot regard, because they are illegal. Permit me to suggest that orders should come from your office. Most respectfully, Your obedient servant, J. E. Johnston, General C. S. A. Upon this letter President Davis also endorsed the word insubordinate. On August 1, 1861, President Davis wrote to General J
t, no question can arise as to the right to command, because the general officer, not belonging to any corps, takes command by virtue of a general rule of superiority in rank. Generals McClellan and Fremont were commissioned major-generals in the regular or permanent army of the United States, and General Butler in the volunteer or temporary force raised for the suppression of the rebellion. Generals McClellan and Fremont were commissioned under section three of the act approved July twenty-ninth, 1861, entitled, An Act to increase the present military establishment of the United States, and beginning, That there shall be added to the regular army, etc. Under this act the regular army was increased to thirty regiments, namely, nineteen of infantry, six of cavalry, and five of artillery. Section three reads: That there shall be added to the army of the United States the following general officers, namely, four major-generals, etc. The four major-generals appointed under this act--
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 1: effect of the battle of Bull's Run.--reorganization of the Army of the Potomac.--Congress, and the council of the conspirators.--East Tennessee. (search)
n the Free-labor States, and filled those of the Slave-labor States, when preparations were making for rebellion. See volume I., page 121. The armories at Harper's Ferry and Springfield were the principal ones on which the Government could rely for the manufacture of small arms. The former was destroyed in April, and the latter could not supply a tithe of the ,demand. It was necessary to send to Europe for arms; and Colonel George L. Schuyler was appointed an agent for the purpose, July 29, 1861. with specific instructions from the Secretary of War. He purchased 116,000 rifles, 10,000 revolvers, 10,000 cavalry carbines, and 21,000 sabers, at an aggregate cost of $2,044,931. Colonel Schuyler could not procure arms in England and France on his arrival, and a greater portion of them were purchased Germany. He bought 70,000 rifles in Vienna, and 27,000 in Dresden. Of the Small-arms Association, in England, he procured 15,000 Enfield rifles. The revolvers were purchased in Fra
es. K. & M. W. battles. K. & M. W. Lewinsville, Va., Sept. 11, 1861 1 Wilderness, Va. 21 Manassas, Va. 62 Spotsylvania, Va. 9 South Mountain, Md. 13 North Anna, Va. 2 Antietam, Md. 28 Bethesda Church, Va. 1 Fredericksburg, Va. 1 Cold Harbor, Va. 2 Fitz Hugh's Crossing, Va. 2 Petersburg, Va. 15 Gettysburg, Pa. 41 White River, Ark. (Gunboat Service) 1 Present, also, at Chancellorsville; Mine Run; Totopotomoy; Weldon Railroad. notes.--Organized in Indianapolis, July 29, 1861, arriving at Washington on the 5th of August. After some service in the field it went into winter-quarters at Fort Craig, on Arlington Heights, Va., remaining there until March, 1862, when it joined in the general advance of the Army. It then formed part of Gibbon's (4th) Brigade, Hatch's (1st) Division, McDowell's Corps, a brigade which afterwards became famous as the Iron Brigade of the West. Its first battle was at Manassas, in which the Nineteeeth lost 47 killed, 168 wounded, and
H. Hobart Ward, Colonel Thirty-eighth Regiment, Second Brigade, Third Division. Official report of Lieut.-Col. Farnsworth. Headquarters Thirty-Eighth regiment, (Second Scott Life Guard,) N. Y. V., camp Scott, near Alexandria, Va., July 29, 1861. Col. J. H. H. Ward, Commanding Second Brigade, Third Division: sir: In compliance with my duty, I respectfully submit the following report of the operation of my regiment during the recent battle at or near Bull Run on the 21st of July, 1ackburn's Ford. I am, sir, very respectfully, your ob't serv't, Thos. A. Davies, Col. Comd'g 2d Brigade, Fifth Division, Army N. E. Virginia. T. H. Cowdrey, Acting Assistant Adjutant-General. Major Barnard's report. Washington,, July 29, 1861. Capt. E. B. Fry, Assistant Adjutant-General: sir: On the 18th of July, at about 9 A. M., I joined the commanding general about two miles beyond Fairfax Court House, on the road to Centreville. He was then about going to Sangster's, and i
mpaigning purposes. Washington is quiet to-day as yet. There are considerable additions to be made to the works on the other side, and, indeed, there is a hill in front of one of the redoubts which commands it a trifle, and which it is an oversight not to fortify. In a few days, if a column is ready, I hope to be able to accompany it. Mr. Russell's Third letter on Bull Run The rebel army could have entered Washington — He speculates as to the reasons why it did not. Washington, July 29, 1861. On this day week the Confederates could have marched into the capital of the United States. They took no immediate steps to follow up their unexpected success. To this moment their movements have betrayed no fixity of purpose or settled plan to pursue an aggressive war, or even to liberate Maryland if they have the means of doing so. And, indeed, their success was, as I suspected, not known to them in its full proportions, and their loss, combined, perhaps, with the condition of
Doc. 130.-the peace proposition. The following is the Peace Proposition, offered by Mr. Cox, of Ohio, in the House of Representatives, on the 29th of July, 1861: Mr. Cox. I ask leave to offer the following resolution: whereas, it is the part of rational beings to terminate their differences by rational methods, and inasmuch as the differences between the United States authorities and the seceding States has resulted in a civil war, characterized by bitter hostility and extreme atrocity; and although the party in the seceded States are guilty of breaking the national unity and resisting the national authority; yet, Be it resolved, First. That while we make undiminished and increased exertions by our navy and army to maintain the integrity and stability of this Government, the common laws of war, consisting of those maxims of humanity, moderation, and honor, which are a part of the international code, ought to be observed by both parties, and for a stronger reason than
Doc. 140.-General Hurlbut's proclamation. Headquarters line of Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad, Hannibal, July 29th, 1861. The General commanding on this line has now sufficient information to assure him that at all important points on this great road, there are persons of property and influence who can check these predatory bands, and he is determined that they shall. Divisions and sub-divisions will be made as soon as practicable, and portions of the road committed to the hands of responsible men, without reference to political opinions. As soon as this arrangement can be effected the troops under his command will be encamped at some central and convenient spot on the line of the road, and the care of the track, depots, bridges, and telegraph wires of the road committed to the local authorities; and after this is done, any neglect or connivance with marauding parties, resulting in injury, will be promptly and severely punished, as herein indicated. All persons,
r a knowledge of their business, and the benefits to be attained from a company fund, or wholesome cooking, will hardly be available until the close of the war, if then. In the last report I had the honor to make to this commission, I suggested some changes and made some recommendation based on the impression that a thorough and positive reform was desired. Satisfied that such is not the case on the part of any of the constituted authorities, and quite convinced that nothing but the most insignificant changes will be countenanced by the powers that be, I would now modify my former views by gently intimating that the engagement of one good cook for each regiment might possibly be productive of some benefit. With many thanks for your powerful assistance and kindly cooperation, and trusting that the great reforms you meditate may ultimately receive that appreciation they merit, I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, James M. Sanderson. Washington, D. C., July 29, 1861.
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