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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 2: civil and military operations in Missouri. (search)
dy full 12,000 Confederate troops were within a circle of fifty miles around Cairo, in Kentucky and Missouri. Pillow, as we have seen, See page 56. had invaded the latter State at its southeastern extremity with a large number of troops, preparatory to an immediate advance upon Bird's Point and Cairo, while Hardee, with a considerable force, was pushing into the interior to menace Lyon's flank and rear. At the same time Liutenant-Governor Reynolds, in his proclamation at New Madrid, July 31 1861. taking advantage of the joy of the secessionists, and the depression of the loyalists, on account of the sad news from Virginia, had said, in connection with his announcement of the presence of Pillow with Tennessee troops, The sun which shone in its full midday splendor at Manassas is about to rise in Missouri. Every thing at that moment seemed to justify the prediction. Lyon, with the only considerable National force in the field, was surrounded with the greatest peril, as we have se
Charles Congdon, Tribune Essays: Leading Articles Contributing to the New York Tribune from 1857 to 1863. (ed. Horace Greeley), Bella Mollita — soft war. (search)
ng promises and carminative compromises was when such negotiation was possible. The patchers — up of peace had full swing-and what did they do? They talked morning and evening, in season and out of season, well and badly — but what did they accomplish? They filled an immense number of pages in The Congressional Globe, but they took nothing. It was then proposed to fight — and fight away! say we, in God's name, and may He help the right. Whatever may be the distresses and inconveniences of fighting, we should have thought of them before beginning. How uncertain The fortune of a war is, children know. But about the cause in which we are engaged, there is no uncertainty. The Government of the country is pitted against the government of the plantation — Freedom against Slavery — Simple Right against Complex Wrong; and it is better to perish with the Government, with Freedom and with Right, than to yield for a single day to a coarse and arrogant domination. July 31, 186
hands of the enemy. I beg to call the attention of the brigade-commander to the services of Sergeant Major Devoe of the 3d infantry, who was conspicuous for his good conduct on the field. The arms and equipments of my command are in good condition, but the men are destitute of blankets, and in want of necessary clothing. Geo. Sykes, Major 14th Infantry. Capt. Averill. Third Division. Colonel Heintzelman's report. Headquarters Third Division, Department N. E. Va. Washington, July 31, 1861. To Capt. Jas. B. Fry, Assistant Adjutant-General: sir: In obedience to instructions received on the 20th inst., the division under my command was under arms, in light marching order, with two days cooked rations in their haversacks, and commenced the march at half-past 2 A. M. on the 21st., the brigade of Colonel Franklin leading, followed by those of Colonels Wilcox and Howard. At Centreville we found the road filled with troops, and were detained three hours to allow the divisions
Doc. 124.-proclamation of Gen. Patterson. Headquarters Department of Pennsylvania, Harper's Ferry, July 31, 1861. General orders. The term for which the troops from Pennsylvania were called into service having expired, and nearly all of them having returned to their homes, the Commanding-General, by direction of the War Department, relinquishes command of this department on the expiration of the term of service. The Commanding-General regrets to leave you, but it is with satisfaction that you have steadily advanced in the face of the enemy in greatly superior numbers and artillery, and offered battle which they refused until protected by their strong intrenchments at Winchester. You have done all that was possible, and more than could have been expected or was demanded, and if advantage has not been taken of your sacrifice, and if the fruits of your campaign have been lost, the fault cannot be imputed to you. To the members of the Department and staff, he tender
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 2. (ed. Frank Moore), Doc. 135.-Virginia ordinance, prohibiting citizens of Virginia from holding office under the United States, passed July, 1861. (search)
Doc. 135.-Virginia ordinance, prohibiting citizens of Virginia from holding office under the United States, passed July, 1861. 1. Be it ordained, That any citizen of Virginia holding office under the Government of the United States after the 31st of July, 1861, shall be forever banished from this State, and is declared an alien enemy, and shall be so considered in all the courts of Virginia. 2. Any citizen of Virginia who may hereafter undertake to represent the State of Virginia in the Congress of the United States, in addition to the penalties of the preceding section, be deemed guilty of treason, and his property shall, upon information by the Attorney-General, in any court of this Commonwealth, be confiscated to the use of the State. 3. The first section shall not be deemed applicable to any officer of the United States now out of the limits of the United. States, or of the Confederate States, until after the 1st day of July, 1862.
Doc. 138.-Colonel miles' defence. Col. Miles commanded the reserves, at the battle of Bull Run. Being accused of drunkenness and other conduct unbecoming a soldier, he published the following card, in the Washington Star, of August 1: Alexandria, Va., July 31, 1861. Editor of the Star — dear sir: Will you please give place in your columns to a short reply from an old soldier, in correction of Col. Richardson's report, as published in this morning's Sun. Perhaps no one has ever before been hunted with more assiduous, malicious vituperation and falsehood, since the battle of Bull Run, than myself. My name, I am told, has been a byword in the streets of Washington and its bar-rooms for every thing derogatory to my character. It was stated I had deserted to the enemy; I was a traitor, being from Maryland, a sympathizer; gave the order to retreat; was in arrest, and now, by Col. Richardson's report, drunk. I shall not copy Richardson's report, but correct the errors he
rnment of the United States, or by force to prevent, hinder, or delay the execution of any law of the United States, or by force to seize, take, or possess any property of the United States against the will or contrary to the authority of the United States; or by force, or intimidation, or threat to prevent any person from accepting or holding any office, or trust or place of confidence under the United States, each and every person so offending shall be guilty of a high crime, and upon conviction thereof in any district or circuit court of the United States having jurisdiction thereof, or district or supreme court of any Territory of the United States having jurisdiction thereof, shall be punished by a fine not less than five hundred dollars and not more than five thousand dollars; or by imprisonment, with or without hard labor, as the court shall determine, for a period not less than six months nor greater than six years, or by such fine and imprisonment. Approved July 31, 1861.
Doc. 143.-Government Employees. Report of the Committee on their loyalty, made July 31, 1861. The Committee appointed to investigate, ascertain, and report to the House the number of persons, with the names thereof, now employed in the several departments of the Government who are known to entertain sentiments of hostility to the Government of the United States, and who have refused to take the oath to support the Constitution of the United States, beg leave to report in part to the House as follows: The Committee have given to the inquiry all the attention which their limited time and the pressure of other duties would allow, but have as yet scarcely advanced beyond its threshold. They have, however, examined a large number of witnesses, and have no hesitation in saying that the testimony adduced has been of such a character as to fully justify the action of the House in the premises, and to show the imperative necessity of the investigation which has been instituted.
Doc. 144.-General Scott's orders. General orders no. 12Headquarters of the army, Washington, July 30, 1861. Searches of houses for arms, traitors, or spies, and arrests of of fenders, in such matters, shall only be made in any department by the special authority of the commander thereof, excepting in extreme cases admitting of no delay. By command of Lieut. Gen. Scott. E. D. Townsend, Asst. Adjt.-Gen. General orders no. 13.Headquarters of the army, Washington, July 31, 1861. It has been the prayer of every patriot that the tramp and din of civil war might at least spare the precincts within which repose the sacred remains of the Father of his Country; but this pious hope is disappointed. Mount Vernon, so recently consecrated anew to the immortal Washington by the Ladies of America, has already been overrun by bands of rebels, who, having trampled under foot the Constitution of the United States--the ark of our freedom and prosperity — are prepared to trample on
Doc. 146.-speech of Joseph Holt, to the Kentucky troops under Gen. Rousseau, at camp Jo Holt, in Indiana, delivered July 31, 1861. Fellow-Citizens and Soldiers:--I say citizens, since you still are such, and it is only because you have resolved that no earthly power shall rob you of this proud title, or in any manner curtail the privileges and blessings associated with it, that you have become soldiers. Your soldiership is but the stately armor you have donned for the purpose of doing battle in defence of that citizenship which is at once the most intense and the most truthful expression of your political life. No poor words of mine could adequately convey to you the grateful emotions inspired by the kindness and warmth of this welcome. I should have been rejoiced to meet you anywhere; how full, therefore, the measure of my happiness must be to meet you here in such a presence and amid the thrilling associations inseparable from the scene, you can well understand. I should
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