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n they burned their camp at Cook's Spring, and turned off to Fort Craig, to the negligence of the scouts, who did not report the movement for some twenty-four hours. General Johnston's letter, written immediately after these events, gives the dispositions made by him for the capture of Lieutenants Moore and Lord, with their commands. It also contains what may be accepted as a well-weighed report of the capture of Lynde's command by the Texans under Colonel Baylor: Mesilla, Arizona, August 7, 1861. My dear wife: We arrived at this place on July 28th, three days after the capture of eleven companies of United States troops by the Texan Confederate troops under the command of Colonel John R. Baylor. These troops, consisting of eight companies of the Seventh Infantry and three companies of the Rifle regiment, had been concentrated at Fort Fillmore, eight miles below this place, with the view of transferring them to the States after the arrival of four companies from Fort Buchanan
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., Recollections of Foote and the gun-boats. (search)
boats. Captain James B. Eads. Of the services of Captain Eads to the Western flotilla, the Reverend C. B. Boynton says, in his History of the Navy : During the month of July, 1861, the Quartermaster-General advertised for proposals to construct a number of iron-clad gun-boats for service on the Mississippi River. The bids were opened on the 5th of August, and Mr. Eads was found to be the best bidder for the whole number, both in regard to the time of completion and price. On the 7th of August, 1861, Mr. Eads signed a contract with Quartermaster-General Meigs to construct these seven vessels ready for their crews and armaments in sixty-five days. At this early period the people in the border States, especially in the slave States, had not yet learned to accommodate themselves to a state of war. The pursuits of peace were interrupted; but the energy and enterprise which were to provide the vast material required for an energetic prosecution of the war had not then been aroused. No
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 21: beginning of the War in Southeastern Virginia. (search)
n in 1853. was covered with rude cabins, all occupied by negroes freed from bondage; and the chimney of many a stately mansion that was occupied in summer by some of the wealthiest families of Virginia, who sought comfort near the seaside, now served the same purpose for a cabin only a few feet square. Only the Court House and seven or eight other buildings of the five hundred that comprised the village escaped the conflagration lighted by General Magruder just after midnight on the 7th of August, 1861, when the National troops had withdrawn to the opposite side of Hampton Creek. In that Court House, which had been partly destroyed, we found two young women from Vermont earnestly engaged in teaching the children of the freedmen. In the main street of the village, where we remembered having seen fine stores and dwellings of brick, nothing was now to be seen but miserable huts, their chimneys composed of the bricks of the ruined buildings. It was a very sad sight. The sketches on t
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 2: civil and military operations in Missouri. (search)
in the Confederate Army, therefore, 1 not only perform the duties of a good citizen, but contendfor the principles which lie at the foundation of our social, political, and religious polity. and from his Headquarters at Memphis he ordered August 7, 1861. Pillow to evacuate New Madrid, and, with his men and heavy guns, hasten to Randolph and Fort Pillow, on the Tennessee shore. The ink of that dispatch was scarcely dry, when he countermanded the order, for he had heard glad tidings from McCurent way. Polk, at Memphis, alarmed by rumor of an immense armament about to descend the Mississippi and attack that place, was anxious to strengthen it and the supporting posts above it on the Tennessee shore, and hence his order for Pillow August 7, 1861. to evacuate New Madrid and hasten with his troops and heavy guns to Randolph and Fort Pillow. Pillow demurred, and charged Polk, by implication, with keeping back re-enforcements, and thwarting his well-laid 1861. plans for the liberation
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 4: military operations in Western Virginia, and on the sea-coast (search)
sed into the Confederate service. had swum across Hampton Creek, and given General Butler such timely notice of the movement that preparations were made at both posts for Magruder's warm reception. Camp Hamilton, commanded by Colonel Max Weber, was soon alive with preparations for battle, and a force stationed at the redoubt at Hampton Bridge See page 514, volume I. were ordered to oppose the passage of the foe at all hazards. These were attacked late in the evening, and repulsed, Aug. 7, 1861. and soon afterward the town was set on fire in several places. This was done, as it afterward appeared, by order of General Magruder, whose judgment and feelings were at that time in subjection to his passions, excited by the too free use of intoxicating drinks. It was at about midnight when the town was fired, and before Burning of Hampton. dawn it was almost entirely in ashes, with a greater portion of the bridge. The Confederates ran wildly about the village with blazing firebra
Owen Wister, Ulysses S. Grant, V. (search)
position of most people is to clothe a commander of a large army, whom they do not know, with almost superhuman abilities. A large part of the National Army, for instance, and most of the press of the country, clothed General Lee with just such qualities; but I had known him personally, and knew that he was mortal, and it was just as well that I felt this. At this early time, however, Grant thought the war would be of short duration; and Lee was a long way from his presentiments. On August 7, 1861, while still in south-eastern Missouri, he was made brigadier-general, to his own great surprise. Of his methods of discipline soon after this appointment a singular story is told. The command was marching, and food was scarce. A lieutenant with an advance-guard reached a farm-house, and, upon informing its mistress that he was General Grant and was hungry, received a precipitate and copious meal, and went on much comforted. Presently Grant himself rode to the same door, and asked fo
e, musician; threw away his drum and took a gun at Mill Springs. Eighth Tennessee (Unions), Company C:--Sergeant John Gossett; killed at Utoy Creek while planting his colors on the enemy's works. Nineteenth Wisconsin:--Chaplain J. H. Nichols; died Jan., 1863, in an insane asylum. Fifty-second Indiana, Company B:--Timothy Westport; discharged April 27, 1863, for loss of speech. Twenty-first Illinois:--Colonel U. S. Grant; enlisted June 15, 1861; promoted Brigadier dier General, Aug. 7, 1861. Twenty-fifth Wisconsin, Company G:--(Geo. W. Ide; died June 2, 1864, at Dallas, Ga., of sunstroke. First Kentucky Cavalry (Union), Company H:--Geo. W. Eller; killed Feb. 10, 1863, in a personal difficulty, A frequent item in the Tennessee and Kentucky rolls. in Wayne Co., Ky. Fifth Tennessee Cavalry (Union), Company F:--J. N. Gilliam; killed near Tracy City, Tenn., by guerrillas, A frequent item in the Tennessee and kentucky rolls. Aug. 4, 1864. Eighteenth Wisconsin, Co
2, 1864 19 Cold Harbor, Va. 6 Duncan's Run, Va., March 25, 1865 3 Deep Bottom, Va. 4 Vaughn Road, Va., March 31, 1865 3 Poplar Spring Church, Va. 4 Fall of Petersburg, Va. 2 Boydton Road, Va. 3 Petersburg Trenches, Va. 7 Petersburg Va., Assault, June 16, 1864 54     Present, also, at Winchester; Maryland Heights; Strawberry Plains; Hatcher's Run; Sailor's Creek; Farmville; Appomattox. notes.--Recruited in Essex County as the Fourteenth Infantry. It left the State August 7, 1861, proceeding to Washington, where it was placed on garrison duty in the forts about there. It was changed to heavy artillery in January, 1862, receiving, consequently, fifty new recruits for each company, and two additional companies of 150 men each; two additional lieutenants were assigned to each company, and two additional majors were commissioned. The First Battalion was ordered on active field service at Maryland Heights and vicinity, but the regiment proper did not go to the front
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 2. (ed. Frank Moore), Doc. 168.-the burning of Hampton, Va. August 7-8, 1861. (search)
Doc. 168.-the burning of Hampton, Va. August 7-8, 1861. Statement of Mr. James Scofield. Mr. Scofield, a native of Darien, Conn., and a resident of Hampton, Virginia, for the past five years, carrying on a general variety of business in that village, was there at the firing of the place by the rebels. At about half-past 11 o'clock on Wednesday night the rebels arrived at Hampton, and completely surrounded the place. The poor inhabitants, at least all that were left, were sound asleep, and awakened by the sharp firing of the rebel pickets and the Union troops of Colonel Weber, who were posted on the other side of the creek. It was now about twenty minutes past twelve o'clock on Thursday morning when Mr. Scofield noticed about six houses down town being fired through the weather boards with flambeaux or torches, apparently saturated with tar. An old female slave walked through the place and awakened those that had not heard the firing. All was bustle and confusion. Mr. Sco
ice of the State, and held ready to march at short notice; but not put on pay or subsistence, or withdrawn from their ordinary vocations until the necessity for actual service shall arise, when they shall be ordered out on duty, and placed on the same footing of the other twelve-months volunteers. Officers will be appointed to visit the respective counties in which companies may be raised and organized, and muster them into service, after they shall have reported themselves by companies to the Adjutant-General. When thus mustered into service, they will be required to drill by companies at least once a week, and by battalions and regiments as often as once a month, and, when on duty, will be subject to the rules and articles of war. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused the great seal of the State to be affixed at the Executive Office, in Nashville, this, the 7th day of August, 1861. By the Governor, Isham G. Harris. J. E. R. Ray, Secretary of State.
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